Early Colonial Settlers of Southern Maryland and Virginia's Northern Neck Counties

Thomas Gov Green

Male 1615 - 1652  (36 years)


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  • Name Thomas Gov Green  [1
    Born 27 Mar 1615  Bobbing, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 20 Jan 1651/52  Green's Rest Plantation, Saint Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I002183  Tree1
    Last Modified 22 Feb 2019 

    Father Thomas Green,   b. Abt 1590, Bobbing, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother Margaret Webb,   b. Abt 1594, Bobbing, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married Abt 1610  Bobbing, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F01502  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Anne Gerard,   b. 1610, Winwick Parish, New Hall, Lancashire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft Apr 1638, St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 28 years) 
    Married 1634  St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Thomas Green,   b. 1642, St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1665, Charles County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age < 22 years)
     2. Leonard Green,   b. 1644, St. Mary's County, Maryland or Kent England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Jul 1688, St. Mary's County, Maryland - Probate Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 44 years)
    Last Modified 22 Feb 2019 
    Family ID F01501  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Winifred Seybourne,   b. Abt 1622, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Oct 1656, St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 34 years) 
    Married Abt 1647  St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • ===
      Provincial Court Marriage Licenses (1638-1643); Maryland
      Contributed for use in USGenWeb Archives by Andrea K. Haga

      2 April 1643 Thomas Greene Millescent Browne
    Children 
     1. Robert Green,   b. 1647, Green's Rest Plantation, Saint Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Between 1713 and 1718, St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 66 years)
     2. Francis Green,   b. 1649, St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 May 1707, Port Tobacco, Charles County, Maryland - Probate Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years)
    Last Modified 22 Feb 2019 
    Family ID F01500  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • ===
      Green, Thomas, Governor, St. Mary 's Co., 18th Nov., 1650.
      After reserving a livelihood for himself, assigns to his friends Henry Adams and James Langwerth entire estate, real and personal, for benefit of wife Winifred and children Thomas, Leonard, Robert and Francis; but desires wife afsd. to have full possession during her life, except that a certain amount of tobacco is to be given to friend Thos. Copley.
      Wife to give to sons afsd. designated shares in succession. In event of death of wife and of children without issue, 3/4 of estate to be given to charity and balance to Henry Adams and James Langworth afsd.
      Test: Richd. Willan, Alice Smith. Pat. Rec. 1, 188.
      ===
      23 Jany. 1650 Court and Testamentary Business, Province of Maryland. Liber B, Folios 188-190. Deed of Trust dated 18 Nov 1650 by Thomas Green of St. Mary's County, Maryland

      These presents Wittness that I Thomas Green of St Maries in the Province of Maryland Esq at the desire and request of my Loveing wife Winifred Green and out of my Natural affection I bear to my Loveing Children Thomas Greene Leonard Green Robert Green and ffrancis Green with divers other reasons me thereunto moveing, have assigned given and made over, and Doe by these presents assign give and make over unto my Loveing friends, Henry Adams & James Langworth, All my whole Estate in the Province of Maryland or elsewhere, as well of Lands and title thereunto as of goods Servants Cattle Swyne, debts or whatsoever else is any ways mine now or hereafter may be unto me within the Said Province or elsewhere to the uses and intents following vizt That my Loveing wife Winifred be really possessed of all and every part and parcell of my foresaid Estate for her freely to use and enjoy the Same in her own person during the term of her Natural life without Wast diminution or alteracon thereof Saving the Value of one thousand weight of Tobacco to be delivered to my most honoured friend Thomas Copley Esq or his Successors whenever I Shall happen to die, In testimony I die a faithful Christian and desire the prayers of the holy Church, Provided also that my Self during my life, and that my Loveing Children Thomas Green Leonard Green Robert Green and ffrancis Green aforesaid, and what other it Shall please God to Send me hereafter be Sufficiently maintained and Provided for out of the Same both for Subsistance and Education answerable to their quality untill each of them respectively come to eighteen years of age, And that my present true reall and proper debts be also paid with all possible Conveniency, And that at the end of ten years next following the date hereof She my Loving wife Winifred Green deliver or Cause to be delivered unto my Loving and Eldest Son Thomas Green the first part of all Such Estate in kind as Shall then and at that time be in her possession or in Value as my Said Son Shall desire for his portion appointed him by me if he Shall be then liveing, else It Shall be Lawfull for my foresaid Dear wife Winifred Green to Convert the Said fifth part to her own proper use at the Expiracon of the foresaid ten years without any account to the rest of my Children, And that at the end of thirteen years from the date hereof She my Loveing wife Winifred Green deliver or cause to be delivered unto my Second Son Leonard Green, the fourth part of all Such clear Estate in kind as Shall then and at that time be in her possession, or in value as he the Said Leonard Green Shall make choice of for his porcon appointed him by me, If he Shall be then liveing, Else the Whole Clear Estate aforesaid to remain to the Sole psonal use and benefit (with the Provisoes aforesaid) of my Loving wife Winifred Green untill the end of fifteen years from the date hereof, And then to deliver or cause to be delivered unto my Son Robert Green the third part in kind of the whole Clear Estate aforesaid as Shall then and at that time be in her possession or in value as he the Said Robert Green Shall then make choice of for his portion appointed him by me If he Shall be then liveing else the whole clear estate afd to remaine to the sole personal use & benefitt wth adviso afd of my loveing Winiferd Green untill the End of seventeen years from the date hereof & thn to Deliver or cause to be delivered unto my Loveing son ffra Green one intire halfe in kind of the whole clear Estate afd as shall then & at tht time be in her possession or in Value as he the said Francis Green shall think fitt for his portion Appointed him by me if he shall be then liveing else one intire half of the whole clear Estate afd then and at that time in the possession of my Dear wife Winifred Green to remain wholly and Solely with the provisoes aforesaid to the proper use and benefit of my Said Dear wife Winifred Green forever And the other half equally to be divided between Such other issue as it Shall please God to Send me after the date hereof for their respective porcons appointed them by me If there Shall be any Such then liveing, And if not then the foresaid half wholly to accrue to my Dear wife Winifred Green her use and profit forever, Provided She be not afore invested with the half appointed by me for my Son ffrancis Green his porcon, nor with the other fifth part appointed by me for my Son Thomas his porcon by reason of either of their deaths as is afore allowed her by me in which Case the half aforesd Shall be divided by equall porcons among the brothers then Surviving And if at the end of 17 years from the date hereof She my Loveing wife Winifred Green Shall not be invested wth of the foresaid parts, and that I Shall have any future issue then also liveing, That then an equal Share be deducted by her my Loveing wife Winifred Green out of the half afore appointed by me for Such issue and applyed to her own proper use and benefit forever, And if it Should Soe fall out wch God forbid, that my dear and Loveing wife Winifred Green Should happen to die afore any the Several respective years above menconed, That my Several respective Children's porcons are to be paid them respectively out of the Said Estate as afd That then it Shall be good and Lawfull for her my Said Dear wife Winifred Green to give and dispose of at her death at her pleasure of the one fifth part of the whole clear Estate then remaining in her possession, If it be within the ten first years, If after the ten and within the 13 years then the fourth part, If after the 13 3 and within the years then the third part to be at her disposall as afore, And if after the 15 and within the 17 years, then the one half of what She Shall be then possessed of to be at her disposeal as afore Giving further power by these presents in the Case aforesd to my Loveing friends Henry Adams and James Langworth or to the Survivor of them or to his Assignee to ReEnter upon the remainder of the Said Estate to the intents abovesaid (that is to Say) ffreely to possess the Same in their own persons for my respective Children's use and my own livelihood as is above at large expressed, allowing my Said Loving friends Henry Adams and James Langworth each of them, the Value of Six hundred pounds of Tobacco and one third of the Male Cattle Increase between them for their pains and care they Shall be at in manageing the Said Estate to my respective Childrens use profit and advantage at the Several days of payment above expressed of their Several respective porcons And if it Should Soc please God as that at the end of the years aforesaid or at any time afore there Should be neither wife nor Child of mine then liveing, that then the whole Estate aforesaid be disposed of as followeth, ffirst that three parts thereof be delivered by my Loveing friends Henry Adams and James Langworth or the Survivor of them or his assigne as afore unto my honoured friend Thomas Copley Esq or his Successors to be imployed by him or them to Such Charitable uses as he or they in their discretion Shall think most tending to the honour and glory of Almighty God either in this Province or elsewhere, my own decent livelihood during my life being herein always Comprehended, Then that the other ffourth part remain to the Sole benefit of my Loveing friends Henry Adams and James Langworth or to the Survivor of them or to his Assignee as afore forever In Wittness of all which I have hereunto Set my hand and Seal the 18th of November 1650
      All the Interlines being 6 in number were made before the Signment

      Signed Sealed and delivered Tho: Greene
      in the presence of
      Richard Willan Signed Alice Smith
      (Proofed copy of the electronic edition of the Archives of Maryland, Vol. 10, pp. 88-90)


      Editors: According to Patents 2:346, Leonard Greene and Thomas Greene were transported by their father, Thomas, Sr. in 1644 (Gibb), but Thomas Greene was already in Maryland presuming he is the same who sat in the Freeman's Assembly of 1637

      According to the research of Mrs. G.W. Hodges, her source not known, Thomas Greene married (1) Ann, sister of Sir Richard Gerrard, Knt., and widow of --- Cox (The Ark and The Dove). According to Patent Records ABH:6, "Thomas Gerrard [sic] immigrated in 1633, and by 1648 had married Mrs. Winifred Seyborn, who immigrated in 1648 (Gibb). This same record, however, also states that Thomas Green [sic] was transported in 1644, and it is thought by Gibb that the surname Gerrard may be a transcription error and actually Thomas Greene (which may explain Mrs. Hodges' statement that Thomas married Anne (Gerrard?) Cox).

      According to Skordas, Mrs. Winifred Seyborn immigrated in 1638, and afterwards married Thos. Green, Esq., and later, Mr. Robt. Ceart. (Patents ABH:6 and 57. Skordas) and Mrs. Winifred Seyborne immigrated in 1638, "the wife of Thomas Greene" (Patents 2:346, ibid.). Another entry in Skordas states that Mr. Robert Clark [sic] married prior to 1654, Winifred, widow of Thomas Green, Esq., citing Patents ABH:403. Other patent records indicate that one Thomas Greene married by 1664, Jane, widow of Nicholas Harvay, by whom she and their daughter, Frances, had been transported to Maryland in 1641 (Patents CC:53-4, transcript 7:62, and ABH:102). (Skordas). Elsewhere, however, this compiler states that Jane, widow of Nicholas Harvey, married Thomas Greene by 1653 (Patents 7:62)

      Thomas Greene was the second Governor of the Province of Maryland, appointed by the first Governor, Leonard Calvert, from his deathbed in June of 1644 (Calvert also termed Leonard Greene his godson in his nuncupative will). Thomas Greene served until March 1649 when he was succeeded by William Stone, who was commissioned by the Proprietary on 6 Aug 1648, and assumed office in April, 1649. During absences from the Province, those acting as governor by Stone's appointment were Thomas Greene, May to July, and September to December, 1649; and Thomas Hatton, June, 1650.

      Why Thomas Greene signed the above document (rather than a standard will) is not known.

      Granted a manor of 10,000 acres
      Arrived in Maryland on the Ark in 1634
      Built a house on Greene's freehold in 1639
      Summonded by special writ to sit in the MD Assembly, 1639
      Served in the Lower House, 1640-41,1642
      Sat on the Council, 1644-47,1648-51
      Served as governor, 1647-1649, after the death of Lord Calvert
      Sat on the first St. Mary's County Court in 1644
      ===
      Green, Wm / Greenland U-14 / Mar 14, 1670 / L 13 f 85
      Greene, Thomas / Green Clift W-13/ Dec 17, 1672 / L 17 f 366
      Gov. Thomas Greens family, especially on the anniversary of the day that the ship, "The Ark" arrived in 1634. I am sure you have this data, but I want to post it before you so that I can brag that I helped!!

      In the book, "The Maryland Semmes & Related Families" by Harry Wright Newman, there is a section on Gov. Thomas Greene's family starting on page 134, and this is about all I have had on the family until the last few days when you and the others have been so wonderful to post all the details of the family.

      Tom Green TBGreen3@aol dot com

      Regarding Gov. Thomas Green; no, he did not marry Hellen the daughter of George, Lord Baltimore, also called Leonard Calvert who was a "beloved friend" of Thomas Greene. Thomas Green married twice, the first time to Mistress Anne Cox, a spinster. The term spinster was an honorable title for a lady of that day. The term is related to the spinning wheel and its impact on society and the economy of the day. Until the invention of the spinning wheel it took 6 women working to provide the necessary yarn for one man to operate a loom. After the invention of the spinning wheel, ONE lady could keep 6 men supplied with enough yarn to work their looms. This was the first time a woman could earn a living by her own labor, so the select ladies that chose the spinning profession were called "Spinsters." This marriage is said to be the first Christian marriage performed in Maryland. Lord Baltimore granted Thomas Greene 10,000 acres of land which was a "burden" and he gave it back to Lord Baltimore. Thomas Green then purchased 1,000 acres which was all on the Island of Poplar, which he called Bobing Manor after his distant ancestor's estate in England. Lord Baltimore appointed Thomas Green to the Privy council of the Colony, and in 1647 Lord Baltimore became ill and appointed Thomas Green to succeed him as Provincial Governor. Thomas was governor of Maryland from June 1647 to April 1649 when he was replaced by Capt. William Stone of Virginia. Thomas Green was a Catholic and the colony was predominantly Protestant, so Thomas Green was not a popular Governor, expecially in 1649 when the Colony learned that King Charles I had been be-headed. William Stone had replaced Thomas Green, but Stone was away from the Colony, and Thomas Green was again Governor, and on November 15, 1649 he proclaimed that the King's son, also named Charles, the Prince of Wales was undoubtedly the rightful heir to all his father's domain and Thomas Greene hereby proclaimed him King Charles II. When Governor Stone returned to the Colony he repudiated the declaration of Thomas Green, but it was too late to stop Charles II from taking the throne and Olivar Cromwell then took controll of the government as a "Protectorate," and you know the rest of the story, as they say.

      Another milestone document was placed into law in Maryland in 1649 when an Act concerning Religion was passed by the Assembly on April 21, 1649 and was signed by Thomas Greene. This is considered the first statute in America granting freedom of religion to the people. This was a very radical idea in that time, as it was legal to hang a Quaker in all Colonies except Maryland because of their religious beliefs.

      Thomas Bruce Green, III
      ===
      89. John Dodman, Plt.; Richard Trew, Def.; mentions Mr. Nicolaus Hogward, Mr. Hen. Addames, Mr. James Langworth; in trust for Mr. Thomas Greene, deceased
      90. John Courts, Plt.; Richard Trew, Def.; mentions Hen. Addams, Mr. James Langworth; in trust to the estate of Mr. Thomas Greene, Governor, deceased
      ===
      -----Original Message-----
      From: David Roberts [mailto:droberts@olg dot com]
      Sent: Friday, February 03, 2006 11:43 AM
      To: MDSTMARY-L@rootsweb.com
      Subject: [MDSTMARY-L] Thomas Greene

      Mary Ann:

      There is nothing stated in "The Ark and the Dove Adventurers" to show any family relationship between Thomas Greene and Lord Baltimore's family. None of Lord Baltimore's daughters listed married anyone named Green/Greene.

      The Thomas Greene in the book came w/ the Ark & Dove. He had 2 wives: Anne Cox and later Winifred Seybourne, widow of Nicholas Harvey. He was appointed Governor on 9 June 1647 by Leonard Calvert, but in 1648 William Stone became Governor. He was dead by 23 January 1651/52.

      The book covers LOTS of his descendants, pp. 112-137. Among the surnames besides Greene: Wheeler, Marbury, Alvey, Simpson, Thompson, Clements, Noble, Hoye, Deakins, Hatton, Frazer, Smallwood, Hagan, Spalding, Hamilton.

      Descendants pretty much cover all of Southern Maryland; later lines to Virginia, Kentucky, South Carolina.

      One descendant #221. Raphael Spalding was the father of the famous Mother Catherine Spalding, founder of the Sisters of Charity of Nazareth.

      Interesting family line, but gives zero on the parents of Thomas Greene nor any marriage connection into the Lord Baltimore family.

      David
      ===
      From: Linda Reno [mailto:lindareno@comcast dot net]
      Sent: Friday, February 03, 2006 12:51 PM
      To: MDSTMARY-L@rootsweb.com
      Subject: Re: [MDSTMARY-L] Mother Catherine Spalding Ancestry

      In 1654 Jane and Thomas Green of VA tried to obtain Jane's third of the estate of Nicholas Harvey by selling it to Edward Lloyd of MD but it was not granted. MEMORANDUM: I, Jane Green, the now wife of Thomas Green of Elizabeth River in the Co. of Lower Norfolk, planter do here testify freely before the magistrate that I was the lawful wife and widow of Nicholas Harvey of Patuxent in the Province of MD, planter (late deceased) and do freely acknowledge and confess, that the bargain and sale made (by my now husband Thomas Greene unto Edward Lloyd of Seaverne in the foresaid Province of MD) my thirds and rights in and to my late husband Harvey's plantation.
      (Need to find my reference for this!).

      Haven't found the source for the above reference, but it's corroborated by Harry Wright Newman in "The Flowering of the Maryland Palentine."

      Newman says "The administration of his estate (Nicholas Harvey) became much involved. His widow, Jane soon married a Thomas Green and departed for 'Elizabeth River in Virginia' and left her young step-daughter in the hands of her deceased husband's neighbours. She and her second husband were conscious of the dower interest in St. Joseph's Manor, so in March 1654/6 (that's what it says), conveyed their interest or 1/3 to Edward Lloyd of Maryland."

      Linda Reno
      ===
      Gerrard, Green, Thomas, Esq.
      AB&H:6,12,67 Film No.: SR 7344
      Transported himself in 1633; demanded 500 acres in right of Anne Cox, his first wife
      MSA SC 4341-2052

      Green, Greene, Thomas, Esq
      1:17,40-41 Film No.: SR 7344
      Transported himself in 1633; married, first, Mrs. Anne Cox, who died by 1648, & second, Mrs. Winifred Seyborn; died by 1654 leaving Winifred his relict, & Leonard, Robert, & Francis Green, his sons
      Transcript. 2:346; AB&H:6,12,67,403; 7:427,568
      Original. CC:459.631
      MSA SC 4341-2054
      ===
      PRINCE GEORGE'S COUNTY LAND RECORDS, Deed, 24 June 1601 [sic]
      From: Mr. EDWARD BALL of Calvert County, gent.
      To: SAMUEL LYLE of P. G. Co.
      Price: 50 pounds sterling
      Property: All the 200 acre tract "Cuckholds Delight" in P. G. Co. on the north side of the eastern branch of the Potomac River, bounding on land of JAMES MULLIKIN, being land originally patented to THOMAS GREEN. Signature: EDWARD BALL (mark)
      Wit.: EDWARD WILLETT, BENJAMIN BRASSIER
      Ackn'd: EDWARD BALL and wife PRISSILLA, 24 June 1701 Recorded: 9 July 1701, Vol. A, p. 388

  • Sources 
    1. [S044841] semmes, Harry Wright Newman.
      The Maryland Semmes and Kindred families; Harry Wright Newman; 1965