Early Colonial Settlers of Southern Maryland and Virginia's Northern Neck Counties

Joseph Holtzclaw

Male 1735 - 1786  (51 years)


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  • Name Joseph Holtzclaw 
    Born 1735  Prince William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 1786  Fauquier County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I004236  Tree1
    Last Modified 24 Nov 2020 

    Father John Holtzclaw,   b. 17 Jul 1709, Oberfischbach, Westfalia, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Jun 1752, Prince William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 42 years) 
    Mother Catharine Thomas Russell,   b. 1711, Prince William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1763, Fauquier County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 53 years) 
    Married Between 1729 and 1730  Prince William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F03285  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Catherine {Unproven} James,   b. Abt 1744, St. Paul's Parish, Stafford County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1810, Fauquier County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 66 years) 
    Married 1761  Fauquier County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Agnes Holtzclaw
     2. Sarah Holtzclaw
     3. Elizabeth Holtzclaw,   b. Aft 1761, Fauquier County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location
     4. Archibald Holtzclaw,   b. 11 Nov 1764, Fauquier County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Dec 1828, Clay County, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 64 years)
     5. Eli Holtzclaw,   b. 20 Aug 1771
     6. Stephen Holtzclaw,   b. Abt 1772
     7. Frances Holtzclaw,   b. Abt 1777, Fauquier County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified 24 Nov 2020 
    Family ID F03297  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Notes from the book: The Genealogy of the Holtzclaw Family 1540-1935 by B. C. Holtzclaw, Ph.D., University of Richmond, Virginia. 1936 Old Dominion Press, Inc., Richmond, VA.

      Joseph Holtzclaw and Catherine James
      Joseph Holtzclaw was born in about 1735, in Prince William County, Virginia. He was the son of John Holtzclaw and Catherine (Russell) Thomas. Joseph grew up in Prince William County. He probably attended the school taught by his grandfather, Jacob. Jacob was also the "Reader" at the church during Joseph's youth. Joseph's father, John, died when Joseph was only seventeen years old. Joseph and his older brother, Henry, must have assumed the work on the farm after their father's death.
      Joseph married Catherine (Caty) James in Fauquier County, Virginia, in about 1761. Nothing is known at this time of the ancestry of Catherine.

      During the French and Indian War (1761), Joseph served in Captain William Edmunds' Company of Fauquier County Militia. (Crozier's "Virginia Colonial Militia," p. 97).

      Joseph and Caty had at least eight children.

      As with all pioneer communities, many of the original settlers began to move away as the boundaries of the frontier expanded, but Joseph and Caty Holtzclaw remained in Fauquier County their entire lives. The old home of Jacob Holtzclaw in the Germantown tract seems not to have been kept in the family, but Joseph Holtzclaw's plantation remained in the family for 150 years. It was called "Ashlawn", in Fauquier County, and was only sold on the death of Charles Eli Holtzclaw, great-grandson of Joseph in 1912. As shown in the inventory of his estate, Joseph was fairly well off. Among his personal property were several slaves.

      In religion, the Holtzclaw's were originally German Reformed (Presbyterian), but at a very early date many of them were converted to the Baptist faith. Joseph and his family were members of Carter's Run Baptist Church in Fauquier County. In 1771, Joseph was a delegate to the first Separate Baptist Association ever held in Virginia (Semple "History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia," p. 69 ff.).

      Caty Holtzclaw was paid on September 4, 1780, for supplies (brandy) furnished to the Fauquier County Militia during the Revolution (Public Service Claims, Fauquier County, Virginia. in the Department of Archives, State Library, Richmond, Virginia.). Descendants of Caty Holtzclaw are eligible for patriotic societies of the revolutionary period for her patriotic service during the revolution, provided they can secure the necessary documents of proof in their own lineages.

      Joseph died at the age of fifty at his home in Fauquier County. Caty, his wife, was appointed administratrix of Joseph Holtzclaw, decd., at the March Court, 1786 in Fauquier County. (Fauquier Co. Minute Book 1784-6, p. 331). At the October Court, Caty was appointed guardian of the orphans, Archibald, Betsy, Stephen, Eli, Aggy, Franky and Sally Holtzclaw (Minute Book 1786-88, p. 106). There was apparently, however another child, Cathy Holtzclaw (probably posthumous), to whose marriage May 25, 1801 to Joseph Lawler, Caty Holtzclaw, the mother, gave her consent (Fauquier Co. Marriage Bonds II, p. 238).

      Although Caty was a widow with at least seven children at home, she apparently did not remarry. Her oldest son and our ancestor, Archibald, had married Miriam Hitt in January of 1786. It is very probable that Archibald took over many responsibilities of the plantation, and overseeing the work of the slaves.

      Caty Holtzclaw died in about 1810, the last year she appears in the tax-lists of Fauquier County.