Early Colonial Settlers of Southern Maryland and Virginia's Northern Neck Counties

James Wood

Male 1707 - 1759  (52 years)


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  • Name James Wood 
    Born 1707  Winchester, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 6 Nov 1759  Glen Burnie, Frederick County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I028964  Tree1
    Last Modified 8 Jul 2020 

    Family Mary Rutherford,   b. 1720, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Jul 1798, Glen Burnie, Frederick County, Virginia - probate Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 78 years) 
    Married 1738  Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Elizabeth Wood,   b. 20 Sep 1739, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1782, Frederick County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age < 42 years)
     2. James Gov. Wood,   b. 28 Jan 1740/41, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Jun 1813, Richmond, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 72 years)
     3. Mary Wood,   b. 23 Sep 1742, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef May 1769, Frederick County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age < 26 years)
     4. John Wood,   b. 4 Jan 1743/44, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location
     5. Robert Wood,   b. 27 Jul 1747, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1801, Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 53 years)
    Last Modified 8 Jul 2020 
    Family ID F17617  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • ===
      JAMES WOOD. County: not specified. Will: 8 Sep 1746. Rec: not specified.
      Wife: Mary
      Children: (minors) James Wood, John Wood, Elizabeth Wood, Mary Wood
      Exe: wife Mary
      Wit: James Porten, Thos. Wood

      Notes: appoints wife Mary as guardian of his children and leaves all real and personal Estate to her, on condition that she pay to each named child 20 pounds current money of Virginia when they come of age.]

      [Identifies Elizabeth Wood as a (minor) child of James Wood.]

      Source: Will Transcript of James Wood, in Greene, Katherine Glass. Winchester, Virginia, and its beginnings, 1743-1814: from its founding by Colonel James Wood to the close of the life of his son, Brigadier-General and Governor James Wood, with the publication for the first time of valuable manuscripts, relics of their long tenure of public offices. (Strasburg, Virginia: Shenandoah Publishing House, c1926),


      ===
      http://www.hrl.lib.state.va.us/Handley/Archives/Wood,%20James%20711.htm

      Stewart Bell Jr. Archives Room
      Handley Regional Library
      Winchester-Frederick County Historical Society
      P.O. Box 58, Winchester, VA 22604
      (540) 662-9041, fax (540) 722-4769
      archives@hrl.lib.state.va.us (e-mail)
      www.hrl.lib.state.va.us

      James Wood Collection
      711 THL


      Biographical/Historical: James Wood, Sr. (1707?-1759) was born, according to a grandson, in Winchester, Hampshire, England. He attended Oxford University, was a lieutenant in the Royal Navy, and came to Virginia with one of the colonial governors. Around 1735, he acquired a tract of land "on the branches of the Opequon" from which, in 1744, a large part of Winchester was formed in accordance with his stipulations to the Justices of Frederick County. Wood was elected the first Clerk of the Frederick County Magistrate and Court and served in that position until his death. He was also a Colonel in the Frederick County militia and served with his friend Col. George Washington in the 1754 campaign against the French. In 1758, he was proxy for Washington in the latter’s candidacy for Burgess from Frederick County and wielded considerable political influence.

      Accounts, 1759-1761 James Wood Sr. Estate Box 2

      The 38 manuscript items in this folder pertain to the settlement of the estate of Colonel James Wood Sr., who died on November 6, 1759. The first 37 are receipts that itemize various court services and fees owed to Colonel Wood in his capacity as Clerk of Court. Examples of services are: petitions, suits, attorney fees, judgments, orders, pleas, bail, continuances, etc. The 38th and final manuscript item pertains to the personal estate of Colonel Wood. His wife, Mary (Rutherford) Wood, was Executor for his estate.

      Papers of Mary Rutherford Wood, 1761-1797—Box 2

      Mary Rutherford Wood, widow of Colonel James Wood Sr., survived her husband by 39 years. Colonel Wood died in 1759 and Mrs. Wood in 1798. This record group contains 13 items, which are either receipts or small business accounts.
      ===
      http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Winchester,_Virginia

      By 1738 these settlements became known as Frederick Town. The county of Frederick was then carved out of Orange County, and the first government was created consisting of a County Court as well as the Anglican Frederick Parish (for purposes of tax collection). Colonel James Wood, an immigrant from Winchester, England, was the first court clerk, laid out 26 half-acre (2,000 m²) lots around 1741, and constructed his own residence, Glen Burnie. Finally, the County Court held its first session in 11 November 1743, where James Wood served until 1760
      ===
      1741-1742 Orange County, Virginia Deed Book 5; [John Frederick Dorman]; Pages 149-54.
      21-22 May 1742. Charles Robinson [Robison In lease] of Orange County, yeoman, to James Wood of same, Gent. Lease and release; for £40 current money. 400 acres ... branch of the north branch or the South River of Sharrando ... granted to Charles Robinson 22 Sept. 1739.
      Charles Robinson
      Wit: Isaac Perkins, Wm. Glover, Just Hite.
      27 May 1742. Proved by Just Hite and William Glover and affirmation of Isaac Perkins.
      ===
      1741-1742 Orange County, Virginia Deed Book 5; [John Frederick Dorman]; Pages 227-30.
      27-28 May 1742. James Wood of Orange County, Gent., to Robt. Green of same, Gent. Lease and release; for £40 current money. 400 acres ... on a branch of the North Branch of the South River of Sharando ... granted by pattent to Charles Robinson 22 Sept. 1739 and by Robinson sold to James Wood 21-22 May
      1742.
      James Wood
      28 May 1742. Acknowledged by James Wood Gent.

      ===
      1767-1771 Frederick County, Va Deed Book; {Amelia C. Gilreath}
      Bk 13, p. 275 - 9 March 1769
      (Deed of Gift] Between Mary Wood of Frederick County [to] Alexander White of County aforesaid & Elizabeth his Wife ... consideration of the marriage heretofore had & celebrated between said Alexander White and said Elizabeth his Wife daughter of said Mary Wood and the love and affection I bear to her said Daughter ... Doth give grant and release unto said Alexander White & Elizabeth his wife ... Tract of Land situate on both sides of the North River of Shanondoah being all that part of Land called Great Plain containing Ninety five acres ... Tract of Land called Great Plain was granted to James Wood deceased by Patent under the Colony Seal the 12th Jan. 1746 and by him devised to said Mary Wood by his Last Will & Testament ... also one other Tract of Land ... Corner to Land Surveyed by George Byrn deceased ... Containing Two Hundred & Fifty Three acres being the same which was granted to said Mary Wood by Deed form the Proprietors Office the 10th Feb. 1761 ... also one Lott of ground in the addition to the Town of Winchester made by said James Wood deceased known by No. joining Henry Rinkers Lott now in the occupations of Abraham Bailey on South Braddock Street ... Also one negroe girl called Hannah ...
      Wit: Robert Wood William Campbell Mary Wood
      M. Harrison
      Recorded: 9 March 1770

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