Early Colonial Settlers of Southern Maryland and Virginia's Northern Neck Counties

Anthony Arnold

Male Bef 1628 - 1676  (> 48 years)

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  • Name Anthony Arnold 
    Born Bef 1628  Old Rapahannock County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 1676  West Point, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Bacon's Rebellion Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I030726  Tree1
    Last Modified 18 Jul 2021 

    Father Family Arnold 
    Mother Virginia Arnold 
    Family ID F17131  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • ===

      The Rebellion known as Bacon's Rebellion had it's beginnings in 1675 and was ended early in 1677 in Virginia, however, the year of the actual conflict was in 1676. Sometimes referred to as the precursor to the American Revolution, it is ironic that it was exactly 100 years before a rebellion would be launched that succeeded in independence from Great Britain. Listed below are the names of over 100 individuals who took part in the Rebellion. There are, without a doubt, many hundreds not listed herein. * Notes individuals executed for their participation in Bacon's Rebellion.

      *Arnold, Anthony

      The earliest recorded history of this place is found in a patent issued to Edward Digges, April 18, 1653. From a study made by Dr. M. C. Harris of the records of this period, it is evident that Anthony Arnold who was one of the followers of Nathaniel Bacon, lived here before 1665. He was captured by the forces under Gay. Berkley, and hung in chains from a mulberry tree in West Point, Virginia. In the public records office in Washington there is a copy of a petition from the four distressed orphans of Anthony Arnold to the Commissioners, in 1677; asking for restitution of their deceased father’s estate, who was executed for being concerned in Bacon’s Rebellion. The inventory of the estate of
      Anthony Arnold includes this:

      A plantation of 2,000 acres of indifferent good land with ordinary
      Virginia houseing upon it, together with an undershott mill upon sd land. 300 acres of land on creek, indifferent good orchard, but
      very bad houseing, it was purchased by Arnold of John Pigge. 600 acres of land upon north side of Mattaponi River, joining Mode’s purchase of Col. William Claybourne.

      On April 23, 1688, Anthony Arnold’s son, Benjamin Arnold, was issued a patent 1754 acres of land in New Kent County, upon the north side of Mattaponi Rivers formerly granted to Capt. Taylor, and sold to Anthony Arnold, decd. originally 1050 acres —— a resident of 704 acres taken up for transportation of 15 persons named --

      From the description of the boundaries in this patent, it is evident that this is the area that is now Mantua, Ricahock, Hillsborough, Claymount and Loudoun farms. The "undershott mill” stood where the road crosses Garnett’s Mill Swamp at Mantua.

      The landing at Hillsborough, which is just up the river from the house site, is evidence that this is the original site of this plantation. It is near the center of this area; up the river there is marsh land, and down the river, the banks are very high, and there is no suitable approach to the river for a landing. There is a deep, wide passage through the islands in the middle of the river to Horse Landing on the King William side.

      Benjamin Arnold lived at this place and it was here that the disturbance arose over the toast to the King and Queen which Jacob Lumpkin refused to drink in 1691. There are several petitions to the General Assembly from the Chickahominy Indians in connection with this land, and it was called Ricahock Land.
      "Colonial Papers General Series America and West Indies"
      An Accot. of the Estate of Anthony Arnold: who was tryed and condemned for Rebellion and Treason and hung in chains
      (Contributed by Hazel Arnold MacIvor. Transcribed from the Original Document on deposit at the British Public Record Office. CO 5/1371 [Part 2) 3211 pp. 475—476)

      According to the Order of the Rt. Honorable Sir Wm. Berkeley

      His Reall Estate./
      A plantation of 1200 acres of Indifferent good land with ordinary Virginia housing upon it together with an under shott mill upon the sd. land: valued at --*

      300 acres of Land now laying upon Hoarcock Swamp: good land an indifferent good orchard but very bad housing -- it was purchased by Arnold of John Pigg./

      400 acres of Land upon Timber bounded: being good land and very much good timber upon it.

      500 acres of Land bought by Arnold of Elias Downs being at the head of Pamunkey Neck: bad land: and no buildings

      600 acres of land on north side of Mattapony River joyning upon meadows and purchased of Coll: Clayborn

      His Personall Estate
      8 bus • of corn in the grist mill )
      8 barrows and spotted sows of 3 years and upwards )
      17 swine of one years old and upwards ) 48 head
      3 breeding sows )
      20 large pigs or young shoats in all )

      * This is left blank in original document. H.J.M.



      good saddle horse in the hands of Coll: Clayborn )
      good breeding mare to house ) 3
      old cart horse in the hands of John Inge )


      Cows )
      yearling ) 12 head
      1 young calves )

      1 old cart with Iron banded wheels
      1 harness for horse: with Capt. Clayborn

      1 gunn )this was in hands of Tho. Miller
      2 Iron potts )

      old fether bed )
      very good fether bed ) these was in the hands of Mr. John Clayborn
      good worsted rugg )

      6 Redd Cushion Chairs )
      1 Iron pott of 6 gall. ) these things was caryed away by Dunbar
      1 great — about 40 gall. )
      1 mayd for about 3 year to serve)

      1 Taylor: 1 yr. to serve )
      1 gold ring worth 30 lb. sterling which by ) these was in the hands of
      the memory of severall bought persons ) Capt. Jacob Lumpkin
      belongs to Arnold’s sister )

      The half of a sloop with John Babb: who bought the sd. halfe of Arnold: and hath not paid for it yet.

      There is divers Papers, bills, bonds and pattents with other writings belonging to Anth: Arnold in the hands of Capt. Jacob Lumpkin
      17 Apr. 1677

      URL (Click on link) http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/GetLONN.pl?first=36&last=&g_p=P5&col lection=LO Patent
      Title Arnold, Anthony.
      Publication 3 May 1665.
      Other Format Available on microfilm. Virginia State Land Office. Patents 1-42, reels 1-41.
      Note Location: Westmoreland County.
      Description: 500 acres Upon the head of Coss Creek, lying or the head Of Robert Yes’s land. {sic - Yeo}
      Source: Land Office Patents No. 5, 1661-1666 (v.1 & 2 p.1-369), p. 36 (Reel 5).
      Cavaliers and Pioneers, Patent Book No. 5; [Nell Marion Nugent]; Page 446
      ANTHONY ARNOLD, 500 acs. Westmoreland Co., 3 May 1665, p. 159, (36). Upon the head of Coss Coss Cr., lying at the head of Robert Yeos land. Granted to Thomas Brereton 20 Sept. 1661 & by him deserted. Granted sd. Arnold by order of Council 25 Nov. 1663. The following names appear under this record: Nicholas Browninge, Mary Page, Mary Anderson, Henry Browne, Tho. Eggerly, Wm. Lane, 3 Negroes, Marke Dawson.
      Cavaliers and Pioneers, Patent Book No. 8; [Nell Marion Nugent]; Page 349
      PHILLIP LIGHTFOOT, ESQR., 525 acs., New Kent Co; comonly called the Doctors Field; on the Draggon Sw., 28 Apr. 1690, p. 79. WHEREAS Anthony Arnold, late of New Kent Co; did purchase of one John Pigg, 525 acs. comonly called the Doctors Field, on the Draggon Sw., being the moyety of 1050 acs. granted sd. Pigg & Jno. Maddison, 4 July 1664; to be held by sd. Arnold & his heirs for ever, as by deed dated 24 Feb. 1664, & recorded in sd. County Court; by vertue whereof sd. Arnold was seized in his demesne as of fee of & in the sd. 525 acs., & being so seized sd. Arnold comitted Rebellion & high treason & was legally convicted & executed, & legally attainted by Act of Assembly, 8 June 1680, whereby all his estate, both reall & personal], became forfeited to his Majesty; and Whereas Phillip Lightfoot, Esqr., hath made composition for the said land & paid what by the Charter, Law & custome of Virginia is required in such cases, Know' yet'. &c. Petition of sd. Lightfoot to President & Council, 19 Oct. 1689, p. 79. Composition paid Mr. Auditor Byrd, &c.

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