Early Colonial Settlers of Southern Maryland and Virginia's Northern Neck Counties

Adam Banks

Male 1646 - Bef 1690  (< 43 years)

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  • Name Adam Banks  [1
    Born 1646  England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died Bef 1690  Stafford County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I042061  Tree1
    Last Modified 30 Oct 2020 

    Father Richard Banks,   b. 1612, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1667, Popular Hill Hundred- St. Mary's County Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 55 years) 
    Mother Margaret Domville,   b. Abt 1607, Lymm Parish, Cheshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1667, Popular Hill Hundred- St. Mary's County Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 60 years) 
    Married Bef Dec 1658  St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F01526  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Anne Gerard,   b. 1648, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1690, Stafford County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age < 41 years) 
    Married 1671  Stafford County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
     1. Gerard Banks,   b. Abt 1672, Stafford County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Between 1709 and 1721, Stafford County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 37 years)
    Last Modified 30 Oct 2020 
    Family ID F23612  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=elizh89&id=I2640

      Adam Banks Sex: M Birth: 1646 in England Death: BET 1674 AND 1690 in Stafford County, Virginia
      Adam Banks is reported coming with 2 other brothers from England to the New England States. One brother stayed in the New England states while Adam moved to the state of Virginia. No record found of the third brother. Adam Banks of Stafford County, VA, first of the line to appear in Virginia was in Stafford County, as early as 1674, when of 4 July, he had a deed from William Heaberd for land "in the forest of Pasbitanzy' between Potomac and Rappahannock Rivers. [Stafford Co. book Z, pp 466-8]
      Sources of info: Tyler's Quarterly, Vol.15, pp 116
      (This source states that Gerard Banks, the only son and heir of Adam Banks)

      Stafford County, VA Order Book, 1689-1690, p. 24, dated 3-13-1690; "Gerard Banks, only son and heir of Adam Banks, dec'd, is bound to Richd Martin to learn the trade of wear maker for three years." (Since he was bound out for only three years, it is assumed he was about 18 years old in 1690 and therefore was born circa 1672.)

      Banks, John, 1652, by Nathaniel Bacon, Isle of Wight Co.
      Banks, John, 1652, by Capt. Tho. Hackett, Lancaster Co.
      Banks, Ja., 1650, by Mordecay Cooke, —— Co.
      Banks, Rich., 1637, by Capt. John Chelsman, Charles River Co.
      Banks, Rich., 1636, by Wm. Armestead, Elizabeth City Co.
      Banks, Ann, 1637, by William Reynolds, Charles River Co.
      Virginia Immigrants, 1623-66
      Cheeke {Sic Speke} Thomas, 16th Aug., 1659; 21st Sept., 1669. To Henry Merost, Mr. Legate, Mrs. Thorowgood, personalty. Robert Massey and Thomas Thorowgood, exs. and residuary legatees. Test: John Hodgson, Sr., Adam Bankes. 1. 346.
      1699-1709 Stafford County, Virginia Deed & Will Book; [Antient Press]; Page. 466-468 This Indenture made this 11th day April 1709 between GERRARD BANCKS of county Stafford of the one part and JOHN ROWLEY of same county .. Witnesseth that for the consideration of one thousand pounds of Tobo paid by John Rowley .. doth sell all that parcel of land being in the Forrest of Pashitanzy between the main river of Potomack and Rappahannock being the one fourth part of 733 acres of land as per Mr. WILLIAM HEABERDS deed of sale to my Father ADAM BANCKS dated the 4th day of July 1674 and acknowleged in Court the 9th day 7ber 1674 relation being thereunto had the said land containing by Estimation 183 acres and by death of my Father Adam Banks without any legal. disposition of the same it fell and descended to me ..
      Presence John Waugh, Gerrard Bancks Wm. Allen
      The within sale of land was acknowledged in county court of Stafford the 13th day April 1709 .. & the livery & seizin thereon & ELIZABETH his wife relinquished her right of dower to the same which is ordered to be recorded and is recorded.
      Tyler's Quarterly Historical and Genealogical Magazine
      Vol.2 .No. 2. OCTOBER, 1933

      ADAM BANKS OF STAFFORD COUNTY. BY Mae. P. W. Hoax, Newport News, Va.
      In Stafford Co. there Is an Order Book covering the years 1664 to 1668; after which there is a gap of 21 years, the remainder of the book beginning in 1689 and running thru 1690. The next volume is wills and deeds, Book Z 1699-1709. With this source material and a patent from Mrs. Nugent's Cavaliers & Pioneers, p. 40, the writer has tried to piece together a little about Adam' Banks and some of the people with whom he was associated in Stafford.
      In Book 7 pp. 466.68, is a deed, dated April 11, 1709, from Gerard' Banks to John Rowley conveying, for 1000 lbs. of tobacco. of 733 acres or 183 acres lying "in the forest of Pasbitanzy between the main rivers of Potomac and Rappahannock as by Mr. Wm. Heaberd's deed of sale to my father Adam' Banks dated July 4, 1674, and acknowledged in court Sept. 7, 1674". The deed further recites that Adam' Banks died intestate and the land fell to Gerard his only son and heir. Elizabeth, wife of Gerard,2 relinquishes her dower rights in this land. Wits. John Waugh & Wm. Allen. Confirmatory of this is the following item from the second part of the Order Book mentioned above, p. 24; Mar. 13, 1690, "Gerard2 Banks only son & heir of Adam' Banks, deed., is bound to Richd. Martin to learn the trade of (word illegible) maker for three years". From Cavaliers and Pioneers, p. 40, under the heading of Northern Neck Patents, p. 47, we have this: "John Rowley of Stafford 200 a. in sd. county in Pasbitanzey forest adjoining his own land, formerly granted to Adam Banks late of this county decd. but it not appearing that sd. Banks had any patent for same 'whereas it might be supposed that Gerard Banks son of sd. Adam might hereafter lay claim to the sd. land he hath by deed conveyed his right by and with the consent of his guardian Richd. Martin'. Beginning at Dr. Richard Bryant's near Richard Rosyer, Francis Hale's and said Rowley's house. Mar. 4, 1690."
      We find therefore that Adam' Banks, who may have come from Maryland. was in Stafford certainly by 1674, if not earlier, for Wm. Heaberd from whom he bought land figures in Westmoreland order books as early as 1661. Adam Banks died between 1674 and 1690, leaving an only son Gerard2 who, since he was in 1690 bound for three years to his guardian, was likely 18 at that time, hence born 1672. One cannot help wondering if the name Gerard to which the Banks family have clung so tenaciously came in by Adam, Banks's marrying a woman of that name. There was an Ann Gerrat or Gerard who was a headright for Wm. Heaberd Dec. 11, 1666 (Staf ford O. B. 1664-68, P. 70). The writer has found only one or two items about the Heaberds, one in Stafford 0 .B. 1664-68, p. 75, June 11, 1690, Capt. Wm. Heaberd acknowledged his gift of land to Wm. Heaberd, son of John. Probably Capt. Wm. Heaberd and John Heaberd were brothers. In Stafford Book Z, p. 347, is the will of Wm. Wood. dated June 6, 1706, proved July 10, 1706. He makes bequests to Aunt Amy Rowley, to Amy, dau. of Wm. Rowley, to niece Anne Hinson 100 a. when she comes of age. If she dies a minor, land to go to friend Wm. Heaberd; to Wm. Rowley he gives land "adjoining land I sold Thomas Grigg"; to Geo. Proctor 100 a. of my land in Richmond Co. and all else to Wm. Heaberd." Wits.: Richd. Bryan, Wm. Redman, Thos Grigg. The will of Richard Martin (Book Z. p. 409), dated Feb. 24. 1707/8 and probated April 14, 1708, affords no answer to the question why he was selected as Gerard2 Banks's guardian. He makes bequests to Elizabeth Page and to Jas. Johnson's children, and to his step-children, Wm. and Richard Russell; he further appoints his wife Jane extrx. with Mr. John Waugh as trustee. He had previously (p. 234) joined his wife Jane in settling property on the widow and the two children. James and Jane, of her deceased son. John Russell. "Westmoreland Co. Rec. 0. B. 1677-1687 p. 595, Jas. Johnson m. Elizabeth, relict of John Gerard decd. and is gdn to John Girard Jr., 1687(2)" The will of Richard Bryan (Book Z, p. 227), dated April 5, 1703, probated May 15, 1704, mentions son Nathaniel, son Richard and dau Ann (who are both under 18), days. Sylent and Susannah (both under 16), dau. Elizabeth Elkins, wife of Richard Elkins, and their son Richard (under 6). stepson Wm. Redman, and wife Ann. The will of John Rowley is in the lost volumes of Stafford records, but from King George Co. records, we have several items of interest. D. B. I, p. 271, April 2, 1725. "Wm. Rowley & Mary his wife sell to Thos. Grigsby 50 a. In Parish of Hanover. County of King George, part of 500 a. which belonged to Catherine, dau. and heiress of Hugh Williams, late the wife of John Rowley. decd., and was escheated by Wm. Wood who in his will bequeathed it to sd. Wm. Rowley. In D. B. 1 A. p. 293. July 5, 1734. Wm. Rowley gives to his son Wm. Rowley, Jr., land bequeathed "by my father John Rowley late of Stafford". In D. B. 2, p. 315, April 21, 1740. Wm. Rowley, Sr., deposed that he was about 70 years old. In D. B. 1, p. 314, Oct. 26, 1726, Mary Rowley, aged 53, deposed that Ann Hinson, dau. of Mary Hinson and now wife to ---- Hopkins is the same girl that was saved by the Indians when they committed the murder at John Rowley's plantation: the deponent was present when Ann's uncle Wm. Wood made his will and left Ann Hinson 100 acres bending on the land of John Grigsby, land then in Stafford but now in King George Co. On the same page, Ann Hopkins, aged 30, wife of John Hopkins and dau. of Mary Hinson, niece and heir of Wm. Wood, deposed that about 20 years ago she was saved by the Indians who committed the murder at John Rowley's plantation; that her uncle Wm. Wood carried her to the house of Evan Jones where she remained until her mother came from Pennsylvania and carried her down to James River. Two items may be given here as clarifying the above statements. The first is from Old Rappa. Rec., 1680-1688, p 187. (Archives Department). On Nov. 6, 1685 Wm Webb in a prenuptial contract relinquishes to Mrs. Mary Williams and her three children his marital rights in 500 a. lying on the north side of Rappahannock River. By her first husband Wm Wood, there were two children Mary and Wm Wood, by her second husband, Hugh Williams, there was a dau. Catherine. Mary Wood as we have seen had a dau. Anne Hinson who as her uncle Wm Wood d. childless became his heir. Catherine Williams m. John Rowley Jr. and both of them were murdered in 1704 as the following item shows. Richd. Co. O. B. 3, pps 361-364, 375.384 gives a complete account of the murders committed by Indians at John Rowley's plantation on Aug 30. 1704, some account of which is found in the King George Rec. also. From the Richd Co. order book, we learn that some six or seven Indians went to John Rowley's house. He was "in the loft", that is, upstairs, and "two women and a girl in the lower room." The Indians called him down, and while talking to him struck him a fatal blow. They pursued and killed both "the young woman", Catherine Rowley, and "the old woman" Mary Webb "widow" as they attempted to escape. The girl as we know got away to safety. "The infant," Wm Rowley, probably son of Jno. and Catherine Rowley, was seized by one of the Indians, who exclaiming that "he loved children", held the child "between his legs and stuck him like a pig." In King Geo. W. B. 1, p. 23. is found the will of Wm. Rowley, Sr., of Brunswick Parish, dated Oct. 23, 1751, proved Feb. 7, 1754; he mentions son Moses, daus. Amey Proctor and Ann Marders, the heirs of his dau. Margery Smith, decd., and of his dau. Elizabeth Armstrong, decd., and his son William, who is made exor. From foregoing, we find that John' Rowley, of Stafford, who died between 1709-21, married Amey ; that William? born 1670, married (1) Mary b. 1673, (2) Catherine. (King George O. B. C. C., p. 50, Feb. 6, 1735/6, "Wm. Rowley & Catherine his wife"). Williams of the third generation died childless in 1774 (W. B. 1, p. 357), his wife seems to have been Ann Grigsby. He was a captain in 1756, and received pay for conducting drafted soldiers to Winchester (Boogher's Va. Gleanings, p. 88). While it is impossible to tell the exact relationship of these people to the family of Adams Banks, in whom our chief interest lies, it is equally impossible to evade the feeling that there is a relationship, hence all possible items that might reveal a clue have been herein incorporated. They all lived in that part of Stafford County lying on the Rappahannock above Muddy Creek which, on the erection of King George, became a part of that county and remained so until 1777.
      In that year, King George took from Stafford the Potomac river front, giving in exchange the Rappahannock river front above Muddy Creek; as Hening's Statutes, Vol. 9, p. 244, show.
      We return to Gerard2 and Elizabeth Banks whom we have seen were living In Stafford County In 1709, but digress a moment to give this item relative to Dr. Wm. Banks who was recommended by Wm. Fitzhugh for High Sheriff of the county in 1682 and is mentioned in his letters, Va. Mag. Vol. 5, No. 1, as "a facetious companion." That he died childless, the following shows: Cavaliers and Pioneers by Mrs. Nell Nugent, p. 211, Northern Neck Patents, Jan. 30, 1694/5, p. 117. 250 acres in Stafford on Austin's Run to Augustine Kneaton. "Whereas Thos. Bunberry of sd. county sold sd. land to Robt. Taylor, Simo. Bowlin & others, giving bond for 7000 lbs. tobacco, but died before he signed the deed, and sd. Taylor and others having sold the land and assigned the bond to Hers. Gibson & Geo. Hilton. who brought suit in chancery against Wm. Banks, gdn. of Thos. Bunberry. son of the aforesaid Thos. to compel him to give a deed and confirm the land to them when he should come of age, before which time the sd. Gibson died and Banks married the widow of sd. Gibson. When Thos. Bunberry attained his majority sd. Banks took a deed from him in order to have the land conveyed to sd Kneaton who had purchased the whole from Hilton, but before Banks had conveyed the same, he suddenly died without will or heir, whereupon the land was presented for escheat, and the title confirmed by the Proprietors to sd. Kneaton."
      Gerard2 Banks died between 1709, when Book Z of Stafford Co. ends, and 1721, when the first book of King George Co. records begins. Gerard- and Elizabeth had at least two sons, Adam= and Gerard? The attribution of these children to them rests partly on elimination. We have seen Dr. Wm. Banks, who was a contemporary of Adam,' had no children and that Adam: left but one son. Further. the land on which Adams and his son Gerardo lived must have been brought prior to 1721, since there is no deed in King George records for its purchase. Since Adams must have been barely grown then. and since this land seems to correspond with that purchased in 1674 by Adam1 Banks from Wm. Heaberd, we posit that Gerard2 Banks had two sons, Adam,3 the elder, who inherited his father's land, and Gerard.3 The former of these will now be discussed.
      In Book 18, S. L. O., p. 179, Feb. 1, 1738, Adam2 Banks receives a grant of 250 acres in Orange on the south side of Stanton's River adjoining the lands of Leonard & Thos. Stanton, Jr., and Thos. Stanton, Sr. In Orange records, O. B. 1739-41. p. 265, Sept. 26, 1740. Is the following: "In the suit by petition brought by Adam Banks part. agt. Rosser Spicer deft. for 3 lbs. current money of Va. due by bill, the deft. not appearing judgment is granted the OW. agt. the sd. deft. for the sd. sum of 3 lbs. current money & costs together with 7 shillings & sixpence current money for an attorney's fee." In the first Order Book of King George County, there is no reference to him, but in 0. 11. C. C. (1735-51) are several mentions of him as follows. On p. 185. Feb. 3, 1738/9, John Tennant brings suit agt. Adams Banks which is later dismist. On p. 299, Oct. 1, 1742, Adams Banks is chosen surveyor of highways in place of Wm. Rowley, Jr. In 1743, p. 366, he is made surveyor of highways from the widow Rosser's to Thos. Monteith's Quarter. On Aug. 3, 1744, p. 405, the court orders that the laboring persons between Poplar Swamp and Lamb's Creek and without the main county road shall be added to Adams Banks's gang and that they be exempted from the road within Capt. Grant's precincts. A little later (p. 466), we find him on a jury. On March 7, 1745/6, p. 475, John Champe succeeds him as surveyor of the highways. On March 6. 1746/7. p. 501, the will of Thos. Monteith was presented by Richd. Bryan and Wm. Rowley; Phillis Monteith sole exrtx. & relict. Adam Banks. Richd. Elkin, John Grant and Jeremiah Bronaugh are ordered by the court to appraise the estate and returned their appraisement at the next court. (p. 602.) Unfortunately, this will is in the lost will book of King George and we cannot establish any connection between the Banks's and Thos. Monteith. In the first order book of King George, Thos. Monteith. who was a. merchant, appears in a somewhat unfavorable light, on one occasion being brought into court for dangerously wounding and stabbing John Farguson In the body with a pen knife." Since, however, in the next order book, there are no such charges, one hopes he settled down to a more orderly life. Adams Banks was appointed guardian to his orphans, Elizabeth, James & John Monteith. (O. B. 1751-65, p. 635, June 6, 1755.) Two months later (p. 560), Gerard4 Banks was appointed guardian to act for them in the suit of these orphans against Anderson Doniphan & Magdalene his wife. Two other items about Adams Banks may be given. King Geo. 0. B. C. C., p. 556, Mar. 4, 1747/8, David Bronaugh, Adams Banks and Daniel Grant are ordered to divide the estate of Wm. Stringfellow decd. and allot David Seale his part and the remainder to Richd. Elkin who was security for the sd. estate. O. B. 3, p. 1, May 1, 1751, Adams Banks goes on the bond of Mary Elkin to administer the estate of Richd. Elkin. Adams Banks may have died about 1755 as there is no further mention of him in King George records that the writer has found. We have mentioned the patent he took out in 1738 for 250 acres then In Orange; in 1762 he sold this land then in Culpeper to Jeremiah Early (Culpeper records, D. B. "C", p. 450), his wife Rosanna joining in the deed.
      The maiden name of Rosanna is unknown but the following item from Stafford records, Book Z. p. 392, makes one wonder if It were Anderson. On Feb. 12, 1707/8, Wm. Robinson & Nathaniel Pope, who had been appointed by the court to settle a suit, brought out the following facts: That John Matthews now deed. had two daughters, one Ann Matthews who married Evan Jones and died leaving an only child, Mary, now the wife of Bryant Folio; the other Mary Matthews who married Geo. Anderson and died leaving a daughter Rosannah. John Matthews on the marriage of his daughter Ann to Evan Jones gave him 500 acres, but died without giving anything to Geo. Anderson who married his daughter Mary. It is considered just that Geo. Anderson be given "the 300 a. on the s. side of Potomac Creek whereon lie now lives." Of course, there is no proof that this Rosannah Anderson married Adam2 Banks but It is a possibility. Geo. Anderson was a member of the Quorum for Stafford. (Va. Mag. 2, p. 13.)
      Adams and Rosanna Banks had at least three children, William4 Gerard4 and Diana:4
      Wm.4 Banks in 1764 leased for £5 yearly 125 acres lying in Bruns• wick Parish, and belonging to Chas. Carter, Esq. (King George records. D. B. 4, p. 257) "to hold during the natural lives of Wm.• Banks, Mary his wife, and Elizabeth his daughter". Wm.4 Banks witnesses several deeds for his brother Gerard* in King George Co. and died prior to 1772. In Stafford Co. records D. B. AL, p. 264, April 19, 1811. Mary Pettit of Stafford sells to Nelly Hughes her life interest the land that Wm.4 Banks had leased in 1764. reciting that at the time of the lease she was the wife of Wm.* Banks. This identifies her as the Mary Banks whose marriage April , 1772, to Benjamin Pettit Is recorded in Dr. McLaren Brydon's "Sketch of the Colonial History of St. Paul's, Hanover and Brunswick Parishes in King George Co.". p. 68. Elizabeth,* dau. of William & Mary Banks probably died young, as there is no further mention of her.
      With reference to Diana,4 dau. of Adams and Rosanna Banks, the following data has been given the writer by Mrs. Socrates Drew, 1404 Niazuma Ave., Birmingham, Ala. Diana. Banks, born about 1740, married Chas. Bruce, of "Soldier's Rest", and died about 1770. Their children were: 1. James* Bruce, born Mar. 1763, died in Philadelphia May 12, 1837. He married (1) April 1, 1799, Sally Coles (d. May 21, 1806). dau. of Walter Coles, and (2) April 20, 1819, Elvira Cabe11, dam of Wm. Cabell, the widow of Patrick Henry, Jr. James3 Bruce moved to Halifax Co. and built the famous home, "Berry Hill", in 1830. 2. Henrys Bruce, born Dec. 4. 1764. 3. Charles* Bruce, born Sept. 1768. After the death of Diana,4 her husband married (2) Frances Stubblefield. He died 1792, and is said to be buried at "Green Bank". the old Banks' home.
      Gerard,4 son of Adam3 born about 1725, married about 1750 Frances Bruce, dau. of Chas. Bruce Sr and Elizabeth Pannill, dau. of Wm. Pannill, Sr., and sister of Wm. Pannill, Jr., who married Sarah Bayley. Elizabeth Pannill, after the death of her first husband Chas. Bruce, Sr., married (2.) John Grant, Sr., and Gerard4 Banks is a witness to their marriage settlement, July 7, 1757 (King George records,D.B. 4. p. 280) It may be noted here that a great deal of confusion in Banks genealogy has been caused by the fact that Gerard4 Banks,
      son of Adam.3 and his first cousin, Gerard3 Banks, son of Gerard,2 both married wives named Frances who were first cousins. Only careful attention to the limitations of time and place can prevent confu-sion. We find various references to Gerard, son of Adam? in the King George records. In 1758 (D. B. 4, p. 302). he obtained from John Pattison the lease for 196 acres which Pattison had purchased of Chas. Carter, Esq., in 1737. In 1762, be bought from James Threlheld and Mary his wife 144 acres in Brunswick Parish, beginning at Banks's Road. In both 1768 and 1771 he was a vestryman of Brunswick Parish. Of course, any reference to him after 1777 would be in the lost Stafford records. The following item in the Va. Gazette, April 9, 1782. is of interest: "Two men were taken up in Fredericksburg, on suspicion of horse stealing, who have made their escape from the gaol thereof. The horses that were taken from them are now in my possession in Stafford County, one of which is a dapple grey 5 ft. 6 in. high, about 5 yr. old: the other a dark bay, 4 ft 10 in, about 6 yr. old, neither of them branded perceivably. I have likewise taken up, as a stray, a light bay horse 5 ft. about 9 yr. old, branded on the left shoulder A. 13. and appears to be hip . Gerard Banks." Gerard. Banks died June 15, 1787, at his home, Green Bank, in Stafford, of a stroke of apoplexy, (Va. Independent Chronicle, June 20, 1787) leaving a will which is among the lost Stafford volumes. His land, 768 acres, was held by his wife Frances for several years. She married (2) about 1795, Nicholas Payne (Stafford Tax lists). Gerard' had owned 200 acres in Orange Co. but sold it a few years before his death (Orange Co. records, D. B. 15, p. 73, & D. B. 18. pps. 78 & 80). He bequeathed to his son Gem& a plantation in Culpeper containing about 850 acres.
      The list of the children of Gerard' and Frances Bruce Banks has been kindly given to the writer by Mr. Victor M. Graves, of New York, and Mr. Trist Wood, of New Orleans. The fact that Gerard' had only six children living at the time of his death is proved by a deed in Culpeper Co. D. B. V., p. 509, Sept. 28, 1797, from Wm. B. Banks to Samuel Slaughter conveying "all his claim in a parcel of land purchased by the late Gerard. Banks decd. of Robt. Slaughter: the land being undivided at the time of the death of sd. Gerard,. containing 200 a. and subject to division among the six children of the sd. Gerard. which gives 33.1/3 a. to each child."
      It is most probable that Gerard' the not in active service, furnished supplies during the Revolution to the Continental Army, but his name is not among the few extant service claims from Stafford Co. that are in the Archives Dept. of the State Library.

      We take up now the children of Gerard4 Banks. 1. John5 b. 1766 or '57, d. unmarried at Washington. N. C.. in 1784. He was at one time quartermaster in the Continental Army under General Nathaniel Greene. In 1826, his brother, Henry5 Banks, published a brochure entitled "A Vindication of John Banks", which was designed to clear his memory from the charge of incompetency and other failures brought against him by Gen. Greene. Through the kindness of Mrs. Drew, of Birmingham, Ala., who has seen a copy in the Minnesota Historical Society's Library, the writer is enabled to give the following extracts from the "Vindication". First, a sentence from a letter of Gen. Green to Johns Banks: "The comfortable condition in which you have placed the army demands our warmest acknowledgements." Then the end as viewed thru the brotherly eyes of Henry5 Banks and expressed in his language: "When John5 Banks died in 1784, Gen. Greene being present obtained possession of all his money, debts, notes, merchandise and books and soon after obtained letters of administration, by the means of which he completed by law what he commenced as a depredator". Henry5 Banks also describes his brother as leaving an "extensive business in Va., North Carolina, South Carolina, and upon the ocean". A petition, now In the Archives Dept. of the State Library, dated Mar. 2, 1840, from Wm. B.5. Banks and the other heirs of Henry5 Banks decd. is of interest in this connection. Henry5 Banks was "formerly of Richmond but resided for many years before his death in Frankfort, Ky." "For several years before his death", to quote the petition, "a severe stroke of paralysis utterly prostrated his faculties and rendered him incapable of managing or transacting any business, however trivial, with understanding or discretion. He and his partners (of whom his elder brother John Banks was one) during the whole of the Revolution were engaged in extensive mercantile operations. Their business and credit were both extensive and after the conclusion of the Revolutionary War when the city of Charleston was about to be evacuated by the enemy, Johns Banks, as the partner of a house in which Henry5 Banks was interested, purchased goods and other commodities of the British merchants in Charleston to the amount of $100.000 or upwards, and these goods and other necessaries were purchased principally with a view to accommodate the naked and half starved army of Gen. Nathaniel Greene."
      2. Gerard5 Banks, son of Gerard4 and Frances Bruce Banks, was probably born about 1759, and died in Alexandria, Va., after 1816. He served in the House of Delegates from Culpeper Co. 1787-88, and in 1797-98 (Register of the General Assembly). The statement is generally made that be married about 1790 Sarah Strother, but if he did have a wife named Sarah it was certainly after 1816, for the wife Who joins with him in making deeds between the years 1790 to 1806 is Ann or Nancy.

      In Culpeper records, D. B. P, p. 444, April 20, 1790, Gerard5 Banks and Nancy his wife of Culpeper sell to Samuel Slaughter 79 a. adjoining sd. Slaughter's line.
      In the Chancery Court Records at Fredericksburg, D. B. A., 1789-1792, p.
      194, Dec. 20, 1790, Gerard5 Banks, of Culpeper, gives to Wm. Richards and Nathaniel Fox, of Stafford, who had been his securities when he qualified as exor. of the will of father in Stafford, a deed of trust on the land of Culpeper whereas sd. Gerard& now resides, it being the land bequeathed him by his father's last will and testament as will appear by reference to the same now on record in the court of Stafford, 860 a. more or less." In 1790 also (Culpeper records, D. B. "P", D. 472,) Gerard5 Banks and Wm. W. Hening sold to Saml. Slaughter their shares, 33-1/3 a. each of the 200 a. "Gerardo Banks, Esq., decd., had bought of Robt. Slaughter". This land, incidentally, was bought Feb. 19, 1787 (D. B. 0., p. 1), and not being devised In the will was, of course, subject to division among his children. Why Gerard5 left Culpeper does not appear, but on May 2, 1799, (D. B. V. p. 271) we find him selling 887 a. to Wm. Winston, of Hanover, and on July 27, 1799 (Louisa records, D. B. J, p. 315), he is buying from Isaac Winston 627 a. in Louisa lying on Dutchman's Branch. He moved to Louisa at once, for as Gerard& Banks, of Louisa, we find him Jan. 21, 1800, buying 50 a. from Anderson Thompson (Louisa records, D. B. I, P. 743). He sells this land two years later (D. B. J., p. 419) and when we learn it adjoined Col. Jno. Overton, we understand that the marriage of his brother, Georges Banks to Col. Overton's daughter was another romance born of propinquity. Gerard5 did not long remain in Louisa, for in 1805 he is in Goochland (Louisa records, D. B. K, p. 71) and Is selling his Louisa lands. In Goochland records, 11 B. 19, p. 665, Sept. 13, 1806, we find this: Gerard5 Banks and Ann his wife sell to John Quarles, David Yancey and Jas. Poindexter two tracts of land, one of 185 a. in Louisa on the South Anna River purchased by Poindexter of Henry Toler, and by sd. Poindexter and Jane his Wife conveyed to sd. Banks: the other tract, containing 789 a. whereon sd. Banks now lives." The writer cannot trace Gerard's5 next move,
      he was probably in Richmond in 1808, in Fredericksburg 1810 (1810 Census), and in Staunton 1816. In the Bibliography biography of American Newspapers, mention is made of a semi-weekly paper established at Richmond Jan. 1, 1808, with the title, "The Virginian", "published by Seaton Garland for Gerard' Banks." From the same source, we learn that the "Staunton Observer", a weekly established Aug. 4, 1814, was "later Published by Gerard5 Banks". The speedy demise of these different newspapers accounts for the numerous moves of
      their editor.beyond 1816, the writer has no information about Gerard5 Banks, except a Statement that he died in Alexandria, Va. His wife Nancy's maiden name is unknown to the writer and no Strother genealogist has been able, so far as the writer knows, to place her In the proper niche in Strother genealogy. Her obituary is in the Fredericksburg Herald for Sept. 23, 1816: "Departed this life at Mr. George Garnett's in this town Mrs. M. Banks, the amiable consort of Mr. Gerard Banks, editor of the Staunton Observer". (The M. is probably a typographical error for N.)
      (To be continued.)

  • Sources 
    1. [S814050] Genealogies of Virginia Families Vol. I, from Tyler's Quarterly Historical and Genealogical Magazine.

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