Early Colonial Settlers of Southern Maryland and Virginia's Northern Neck Counties

Henry Brereton

Male Bef 1616 - 1668  (> 52 years)

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  • Name Henry Brereton 
    Birth Bef 1616 
    Gender Male 
    Death 1668  Westbury-on Trym Parish, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I137238  Tree1
    Last Modified 24 Sep 2023 

    Father MD VA Brereton 
    Relationship natural 
    Family ID F6519  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

     1. Thomas Brereton,   b. Bef 1636, England Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 4 Jun 1684, Little Wicomico, Northumberland County, Virginia - probate Find all individuals with events at this location (Age > 48 years)  [Father: natural]
    Family ID F53698  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 24 Sep 2023 

  • Notes 
    • === Research notes from Matt Redman

      4 Dec 1677 • Henbury, England
      Thomas Brereton of Virginia, eldest son of Henry Brereton, late of Henbury, to Anthony Brereton, his nephew. Same premises. Bristol Archives Reference: AC/AS/35/4

      Brereton's Tenement
      Reference number
      AC/AS/35/1Bargain and Sale -
      1) Lord Aston, heir of Ralph Sadleir
      2) Henry Brereton of Westbury-on-Trym, clerk - 2 messuages and lands (field names given) in Henbury. Consid. £90. Rent 2s.1665 Oct.17 Bristol Archives

      AC/AS/35/2Bargain and Sale -
      1) Henry Brereton
      2) Anthony Brereton of Bristol, upholsterer, son of Henry - messuage and land, part of premises in preceding deed. Rent.1s., part of fee farm rent of 2s. reserved by previous deed.1668 Feb.10 Bristol Archives

      Records of the Smyth family of Ashton Court Astry Papers
      Bargain and Sale -
      1) Henry Brereton of Henbury, clerk
      2) Nicholas Pitt of Redwick, Henbury, esq. - one acre in same meadow and place. 1666 Oct.4
      Reference number
      1666 Oct.4 Bristol Archives


      Person: Brereton, Henry (1662 - 1662)
      CCEd Person ID: 49484 Vicar: Henbury (18/08/1662)

      p. 28, Bristol Probate Inventories, 1542-1804, to Henry Brereton, minister, parish of Westbury-on Trym, year 1668, reference 7?, value £109. http://www.bris.ac.uk/Depts/History/bristolrecordsociety/publications/georgeprobate.pdf

      p. 170, Urbane and rustic England: Cultural ties and social spheres in the provinces, 1660-1780; by Carl B. Estabrook (Manchester: Manchester UP, 1998) "Henry Brereton of Westbury-on-Trym was exceptional among rural book owners in the extent to which his wealth was devoted to book ownership. He was worth over £109 in 1668 and had books worth £10, or 9.2 percent of his total wealth."

      Henry BRERETON d.1668
      Biographical Note
      Described at the time of his death as Minister, of Westbury, Wiltshire. His earlier career has not been traced; there was a man of this name who graduated BA from Trinity College, Cambridge in 1617, another who matriculated at Brasenose College, Oxford in 1617, aged 17; and another who matriculated at Queen's College, Oxford in 1640, aged 17.

      Brerton's probate inventory includes "all the bookes" in the study, which also contained a desk, a small table board with a cloth, and shelves, valued at £10, from a total estate valued at £109 1s.

      Characteristic Markings
      None of Brereton's books have been identified.

      Moore, J. S. (ed), Clifton and Westbury probate inventories 1609-1761, Bristol, 1981, 107-9.


      Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society, 1915,EDITED BY

      p. 169 Henry Brereton, M.A., was instituted to the vicarage on the presentation of Ralph Sadler, the grandson of Sir Ralph.4
      The vicarage at this time was valued at £30 yearly. The new vicar was also admitted on July 27th, 1633, to preach the Word of God within the deanery and city of Bristol.5
      Soon after his institution, an admission occurs to the mastership of the school of Henbury, founded by Anthony Edmonds in 1623. The clergyman thus admitted " ad docendam et gubernandam scholam publicam apud Henbury " was John Till-Adam, M.A., of Balliol College, Oxford, on March 16th, 1630-1. 6
      He was licensed to the Curacy of Westbury on July 29th, 1633,7
      and doubtless combined his duties there with his mastership.
      p. 170 Henry Brereton was compelled to retire from his benefice in consequence of the Civil War. The names of two intruders during the Commonwealth occur in the Lambeth MSS. The first of these, John Millard, exhibited his presentation to the commission for the approbation of public preachers on May 18th, 1654, an(i on July 5th was allowed on nomination to continue in the vicarage without disturbance until further provision should be made. 1 On September 17th, 1655, the Protector presented Thomas Freeman to the vicarage. The committee granted its certificate of approbation on September 21st, and the presentee was admitted on September 26th.2 The Parliamentary survey of benefices, which, if it disregarded tradition, furnished highly practical suggestions for the spiritual needs of scattered parishes, has the following returns with regard to Henbury and the neighbouring parishes and chapelries :-3

      p. 171 The parish register provides the name of another Commonwealth minister, Chetwynd Lapthorne, who died in August, 1658; but of his admission or status there appears to be no official record. The name of John Harris also occurs in 1662, but here a^fain other evidence is wanting. Six days before the famous St. Bartholomew's Day on which obdurate Puritan ministers were turned out of their benefices, on August 18th, 1662, Henry Brereton subscribed to the declaration enjoined by the Act of Uniformity and was restored to his vicarage.1 On the same day Richard Hoyle, of New Inn Hall, Oxford, also subscribed as schoolmaster of Henbury.2 He had already been admitted " to teach the publique school att Henbury," on March 26th, by Dr. Gilbert Jones, Bishop Ironside's vicar-general.3 Similarly on August 22nd subscription was made by Henry Dimery, Curate of Aust, and Samuel Okes, " usher of the free schoole and hospitall of Henbury."4 Hoyle was succeeded as schoolmaster by Thomas Godwyn, deacon, who subscribed on March 28th, 1668,5 and became Rector of Filton February 1st, 1669-70. 6
      Henry Brereton appears to have died early in 1668-9, forty-one years after his first institution.

      ' 1 Subscription Book, 1662-86, No. 102. Brereton, however, seems to have ministered occasionally at Henbury during the Commonwealth. He signs the certificate of a wedding in 1656.
      additional children of Rev. Henry Brereton

      Title: Will of Marie Brereton, Spinster of Westbury, Gloucestershire
      Order item number: 5271945
      Catalogue reference: PROB 11/335/201

      free download from the National Archives, London.

      Marie or Mary Brereton is the daughter of Rev. Henry Brereton and sister to Thomas Brereton (married Jane Claiborne); William Brereton (married Sara Smith); Anthony Brereton of Henbury, England (his son Anthony married Mary Knight, daughter of John Knight of Pensford, Co. Somerset, England); and Elizabeth Brereton m. --?-- Walker. Her will mentions giving a "petticote" to Jane the wife of brother Thomas Brereton. Anthony is her exec. Brother William and sister Elizabeth also mentioned. Nothing about John Brereton.


      On 12 Oct 1655, the father, Henry Brereton, clerk, of Westbury (-on-Trym) contracts two men to serve him in Virginia-- John Falconer of Shirehampton, Gloucestershire, laborer, 6 yrs. and William White of Hereford, metalman for 4 yrs.

      On 21 Dec 1666 Howell Morgan is indentured for 4 years in VA to the son Anthony Brereton

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