Early Colonial Settlers of Southern Maryland and Virginia's Northern Neck Counties

Sarah Lucas

Female 1749 - Aft 1821  (> 73 years)

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  • Name Sarah Lucas 
    Born 31 Oct 1749  North Farnham Parish, Richmond County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    Died Aft 1821  Fairfax County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I20440  Tree1
    Last Modified 4 Aug 2022 

    Father Thomas Lucas,   b. 19 Jun 1719, North Farnham Parish, Richmond County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Sep 1795, Fairfax County, Virginia - probate Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 76 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother Eleanor Tillett,   b. Abt 1724, Prince William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1795, Fairfax County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 70 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Family ID F13441  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family John Marshall,   b. Abt 1747, Prince William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1821, Fairfax County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 74 years) 
     1. Susannah Marshall,   b. Abt 1774, Fairfax County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1830, Fauquier County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 57 years)  [natural]
     2. John Lucas Marshall,   b. 1781, Fairfax County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Nov 1847, Hampshire County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 66 years)  [natural]
     3. Robert Marshall,   b. 1782, Fairfax County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Mar 1865, Prince William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 83 years)  [natural]
     4. William Henry Marshall,   b. Abt 1783, Fairfax County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Between 1835 and 1851, Fairfax County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 52 years)  [natural]
    Last Modified 4 Aug 2022 
    Family ID F9259  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Sarah Lucas b. Oct. 31, 1749 dau. of Thomas Lucas b.June 19, 1719 N.Farnham Parish, Richmond County, Virginia died c. Sept. 21, 1795 Fairfax County, Virginia married to Eleanor born c.1724 d. Bef. Sept. 21, 1795. The will of Thomas Lucas can be seen at:http://simpsonhistory.com/wills/thomaslucas.html


      The James Cockrell given POA may have been the brother-in-law of the Sarah Lucas that was married to John Marshall of Farifax County, Virginia.

      James Cockrell: Power of Attorney given April 1812, Lexington, Fayette County, Kentucky, from Betsy Smith, wife of Joseph Smith and dau of John Starks, of Fayette Co, Kentucky, formerly of Loudoun County, Virginia.; to go to Loudoun County, Virginia. and receive a negro girl left said Betsy Smith by will of her grandfather Thomas Marshall, and to bring said negro girl to her in Fayette County, Kentucky. probably son of Christopher, see p 13.
      James Hughes 2005-02-02 15:44:28
      Dobyns Family Genealogy
      Annotation on Francis Lucas
      Subject: Lucas Date: Mon, 12 Feb 2001 23:37:53 -0500 From: MarySapp@aol.com To: admin@myoutbox dot net;
      " I believe there is one [an error] in your work concerning Francis Lucas. I notice that you wrote, " ... In May 1711, (fn 90) FRANCIS LUCAS had married Anne SMITH. They moved to Prince William County, Virginia., where FRANCIS died intestate in 1739. (fn 91)" I believe that that is incorrect. Last summer, I posted my analysis of the Lucas family on GenForum, and invite you to take a look (Post #1938). ...please feel free to email them to me. ... I use my maiden name: MarySapp@aol.com.] ----- See also this material on website Lucas of the Northern Neck of Virginia Posted by: MarySapp Date: August 24, 2000 at 20:08:35 1938 of 2352 The purpose of this paper is to show that Richard Simpson who died in Fairfax County, Virginia, ca 1819-1820, married Anne Lucas, daughter of Thomas Lucas and his wife, Eleanor ________, and that this Thomas Lucas was descended from Henry (Hendrick) Lucas and his wife Jane of Old Rappahannock County and Richmond County, Virginia, through their son, Francis Lucas Sr. Some of the evidence is quite straightforward, and positive statements about relationships can easily be made; other items of evidence require interpretation, sometimes based upon inference or assumption. Francis Lucas Sr is a genealogist's nightmare; he married three times, each time to a woman named Ann(e), and to add to the confusion, his son, Francis Lucas Jr, also married a woman named Ann. Even so respected a genealogist as the late George Harrison Sanford King was confused by Francis and wrote, "Francis Lucas (married) Anne Smith, license May 1711. Francis Lucas died intestate in Prince William County in 1739." [1] It was a mistake - but an understandable one - to say that the Francis Lucas who married Anne Smith was the same Francis Lucas who died in Prince William County; it was Francis Sr who married Anne Smith, and it was their son, Francis Jr, who died in Prince William. The proof of this will be developed below. Before attempting to reconstruct and understand the Lucas family, it is necessary to look at the ancestry of both Richmond County and North Farnham Parish. The first county to cover the territory which became Richmond County was Northumberland, established in 1645, and from it, Lancaster County was formed in 1651; in 1656, Rappahannock was created from part of Lancaster. Rappahannock survived as a county just 36 years; in 1692, it was abolished and two new counties were formed. [2] That portion lying south of the Rappahannock River became Essex County, and the portion north of the river became Richmond County. I will rely upon George H. S. King to explain the church parishes. He wrote:
      "When the North Farnham Parish Register (1663-1814) opens, there was no such parish; it was simply Farnham Parish and covered both sides of the Rappahannock River in Old Rappahannock County. In 1684 Farnham Parish was subdivided into North Farnham Parish and South Farnham Parish and the Rappahannock River served as a natural boundary. In 1692 when Old Rappahannock County became defunct and became the parent of two new counties, South Farnham Parish fell [3] into Essex County and North Farnham Parish fell into Richmond County..."
      I will begin my study with the births of two sons of Henry and Jane Lucas in Farnham Parish in 1677/8 and 1680. [2] (There is evidence that Henry Lucas was in Old Rappahannock County much earlier than 1678, but in this paper, I will not go back beyond that year.) The birth of Henry, son of Henry and Jane Lucas, took place March 23, 1677/8, and that of Francis, son of Henry and Jane Lucas, on September 1, 1680. Henry Lucas Jr has not been traced, and since he does not appear in the records of Richmond County, it is possible that he died before reaching adulthood or that he moved away from the area while still a very young man. Henry Lucas Sr's first appearance north of the Rappahannock River, in what was to become Richmond County, is found in a Northern Neck land grant of 1690. The published abstract of this grant reads:
      "Henry Lucas & Jane, his wife, 310 acs. on the N. side of Rappahannock River in North Farnham Parish, near Peacocke Quarter. Said Lucas by nation being a Duchman but naturalized here in Va. as by an instrument under the hand of Francis, Lord Howard, and the seal of the Colony dated Apr. 27, 1687.'" [4]
      Although he seems earlier to have lived south of the Rappahannock, Henry must have moved onto the land he received in the grant, for his will was presented in Court in Richmond County (north of the river) on August 4, 1697. [5] Unfortunately, the Richmond County will book covering this period has been lost, so I do not know the provisions of the will, or even the names of the legatees, which makes the Farnham Parish birth record of Francis extremely important, since it is the only known proof that Francis was the son of Henry and Jane Lucas. Francis Lucas was married to his first wife, Ann, before April 13, 1705, on which date Francis Lucas and Anne his wife of Farnham Parish, Richmond County, sold to Sal. ----ford, for 1200 pounds of tobacco, 80 acres in Richmond County beginning at John Batten's corner tree by the Rappahannock River, part of a greater divident belonging to Francis Lucas. Witnesses were Richd (R A) Appleby and James Suggett, who also acted as Ann's attorney to relinquish her dower right. [6] Ann, the first wife of Francis Lucas Sr, was probably the daughter of John Batten, who in his will dated May 3, 1712 and proved in Court in Richmond County on September 3, 1712, mentioned his granddaughter Phyllis Lucas, and bequeathed to his daughter Elizabeth Dobyns, land "upon the riverside joining my son-in-law Francis Lucas..." [7] John Batten did not state the name of his daughter who was the wife of Francis Lucas and the mother of Phyllis, probably because she was already dead, but since I do know that as early as 1705 Francis Lucas had a wife named Ann, it seems probable that she was Anne Batten. Strictly speaking, Francis Lucas was no longer John Batten's son-in-law in 1712 when Batten made his will, for he, Francis, had married Anne Smith in May 1711. [1] Beginning in 1713, and continuing through 1720, there is a series of four births recorded in the North Farnham Register for sons of Francis and Anne Lucas, [3] and from this point on, one must look at every bit of evidence very carefully in order to distinguish between the two Anns who were the second and third wives of Francis Lucas Sr. Only one of those sons whose births were registered was the child of Anne (Smith) Lucas, and the other three were sons of Anne (--------) Lucas, the third wife. Stephen Lucas, son of Francis and Anne Lucas, was born July 27, 1713. The next Lucas entry in the Register is for the death of Anne Lucas on December 9, 1715. [There is no proof that this was Anne (Smith) Lucas, but I believe that it was.] The next birth is that of John Lucas, son of Francis and Anne Lucas, on September 27, 1717, followed by the birth of Thomas Lucas, son of Francis and Anne Lucas, on June 19, 1719, and that of Henry Lucas, son of Francis and Anne Lucas, on November 14, 1720. [3] That Francis Lucas, was the father of at least two other sons will be shown below. They were Francis Lucas Jr, who was the son of Anne (Smith) Lucas, and William Lucas, who was not the son of Anne (Smith) Lucas, but whose mother could have been either Anne Batten or Anne ________, the third wife of Francis Lucas Sr. Francis Lucas' inventory was returned to Court on May 1, 1723, [8] and less than a year later William Smith, father of Anne (Smith) Lucas, was also dead, his will being proved in Court on March 4, 1723/4. William Smith's will mentions his wife Ann, his daughters Elizabeth Clark, Mary Williams, and Catherine Smith; his sons John (underage) and Robert; grandsons Francis Lucas and Stephen Lucas; and "the son and daughter of my son Robert." [9] Undoubtedly the reason William Smith did not directly mention his daughter who was the mother of his grandsons Francis and Stephen Lucas was that she was already dead. A chain of evidence to be given below will prove that when he died in 1723, Francis Lucas Sr was married to another Ann, and that she was the mother of the sons John, Thomas, and Henry, mentioned above. Briefly summarizing the above: Francis Lucas Sr married first, before April 13, 1705, Ann, probably Anne Batten, daughter of John Batten, and had one known child, Phyllis Lucas. Francis Lucas Sr's son, William Lucas, might also have been the child of Anne (?)Batten. Francis Lucas Sr married second, in May 1711, Anne Smith, daughter of William Smith, and had sons Stephen Lucas (born July 27, 1713) and Francis Lucas Jr, whose birth is not found in the North Farnham Parish Register, but who is mentioned in the will of his grandfather, William Smith. Anne (Smith) Lucas died December 9, 1715, and sometime between that date and early 1717, Francis Lucas Sr married for the third, and final, time to Anne ________. [By his last wife, Francis Lucas Sr had children: John Lucas, Thomas Lucas, Henry Lucas, Zillah (various spellings) Lucas.] On April 2, 1724, Roger Williams and Edmond Northern executed a bond in the amount of £50 sterling, promising "to well and truly pay unto Stephen Lucas...all the estate or estates belonging to the said Stephen Lucas as soon as the said Stephen Lucas shall attain to Lawfull age..." [10] On July 7, 1724, a similar bond, but in the amount of £150 sterling, was executed by (?)Howman Brockenbrough and Daniel Hornby, they being the guardians of the estate of William Lucas until "he shall attain lawfull age". [11] On November 3, 1725, John Smith, John Clark, and Robert Smith made a similar bond in the amount of 100 pounds sterling, the minor being Francis Lucas. [12] No such bonds were executed regarding the children of Francis Lucas by his last, and surviving, wife, Anne _______. Possibly the Court allowed her to act without bond as guardian of the estates of her own children, but thought it best to appoint others to safeguard the estates of her stepsons. Proof will be presented later to show that Anne (Smith) was not the mother of William Lucas, and if this speculation regarding the guardianships is correct, then Ann, the surviving third wife, was also not his mother, leaving the probability that he was the son of Anne (Batten). From the standpoint of the genealogist, the matter of which Anne was William's mother is of little importance, for he died in his minority and without issue. It is time to look again at George King's statements regarding Francis and Anne Lucas of Prince William County and to examine closely the evidence which will allow us to state positively that it was not Francis Lucas Sr, husband of Anne Smith, who died there in 1737. Given in chronological order, the first item will have no obvious significance for the Lucas researcher, but the connection will soon be apparent. I go once more to the North Farnham Parish Register and find that a son, Beriah, was born September 10, 1724, to Ephraim and Anne Vernon. [3] This Anne Vernon was Ann, formerly wife, then widow, of Francis Lucas Sr, as is proven by an indenture dated January 5, 1725/6, in Richmond County, by which Ephraim Vernon and Anne his wife of Richmond County sold to Thomas Nash of the same county, all their "right title and interest in one third part of what lands and tenements Francis Lucas was possest with at his decease it being Right of Dower of the aforesaid Anne Vernon formerly widow and relict of the said Francis Lucas." [13] This is not absolute proof that this Anne was the widow of Francis Lucas Sr, or that she was not the former Anne Smith. More evidence is necessary. Joyce, wife of Barnabas Wells of Richmond County, was the only surviving child of Thomas Smith, (?)eldest son of William Smith. [14] In 1741, after removing to Amelia County, Virginia, Joyce and Barnabas Wells sold to Edgecombe Suggitt of North Farnham parish, Richmond County, land in Richmond County... 100 acres formerly belonging to Francis Lucas... [15] Some three years later, in 1744, perhaps for the purpose of making Suggitt's title more secure, Anne Lucas of Hambleton Parish in Prince William County, sold "all her right, title interest claim or dem'd of in or to one certain tract of land in Richmond County at the mouth of Richardsons Creek... 100 acres... which she may or can claim as dower by virtue of her intermarriage with Francis Lucas late of Hambleton parish deceased to whom the said land descended from Stephen Lucas late of Richmond County, dec'd... [16] From these records, it is clear that there were two men named Francis Lucas, each with a wife/widow named Ann: 1. The widow Anne who married Ephraim Vernon by early 1724, and who must, therefore, have been the widow of the man whose inventory was returned to Richmond County Court on May 1, 1723. It will be shown below that this Anne and Francis Lucas Sr were the parents of John, Thomas, and Henry Lucas mentioned above. It will be further shown that her marriage to Ephraim Vernon was her final marriage, and that she could not possibly have been the woman who, in 1744, styled herself "Anne Lucas", widow of Francis Lucas of Prince William County. It should not be overlooked that in 1724 and 1725, the Court appointed Roger Williams, Edmond Northern, (?)Howman Brockenbrough, Daniel Hornby, John Smith, John Clark and Robert Smith to be guardians of William, Francis, and Stephen Lucas, which is not likely to have been done had their father been alive at the time; he could have served as guardian of his children's estates if it were necessary to appoint one. In fact, there is no evidence that the son, William, would even have had any estate to safeguard had it not been an inheritance from his father, the only other known source of estate for Stephen and Francis being their Grandfather Smith, who was not William's grandfather. 2. Ann, the widow of Francis Lucas who died in Prince William County, said that she was conveying her interest in land which descended to her deceased husband from Stephen Lucas. Stephen Lucas was alive in Richmond County in 1734 when he sold land to Thomas Suggitt [17] and was dead in the same county by April 4, 1737, when his inventory was returned to Court. [18] Since Francis Lucas Sr had died some 14 years earlier, it isn't possible that any land descended to him upon Stephen's death, and so it must be the case that the Francis Lucas who died in Prince William County, to whom land descended upon the death of Stephen Lucas, was alive when Stephen died, that he was Stephen's brother, and that they were the two grandsons mentioned in William Smith's will. I will shortly be switching my attention to North Carolina to follow Anne (______) (Lucas) Vernon and her Lucas offspring, but before I do so, there is one additional important Virginia item to be mentioned. It will be remembered that in January 1725/6, Ephraim Vernon and Ann, his wife, former widow of Francis Lucas sold her dower interest in Francis Lucas' lands to Thomas Nash. [13] On July 3, 1728, [19] Thomas Nash was made guardian of Stephen Lucas, and nine days later, on July 12, 1728, Nash received an escheat grant on Stephen's behalf to lands that had belonged to Francis Lucas: "William Lucas a minor of Richmond County dyed seized of 150 acres in Farnham Parish in said County. No heirs. Inquisition 17 May 1727 by... G. Eskridge Gent., Deputy Escheater, and 12 freeholders... Verdict: Land granted Henry Lucas and Jane his wife December 13, 1680. William made no disposition. Fra's Lucas widow possessed 1/3 of said land as her dower and disposed of her right to Tho's Nash who is in possession and on behalf of Stephen Lucas brother of half blood of William, asks grant to Stephen with a reservation of his right to widow's dower during her natural life. Escheat grant to Stephen Lucas. July 12, 1728. [20] This item provides several important pieces of information: (1) that Francis Lucas had a son named William, and that William's mother was not Anne Smith, since she is proven to have been the mother of Stephen Lucas, and this grant states that Stephen and William were half-brothers; (2) that the said William Lucas died in his minority, leaving no issue; (3) that the Francis Lucas who had been owner of this land was descended from Henry and Jane. Those three things can be known from this grant; although it is not explicitly stated, it can justifiably be inferred that the Francis Lucas who is mentioned as the former owner of the land was the father of William and Stephen Lucas. It follows, therefore, that Anne Vernon, who was stated to have been the widow of one Francis Lucas, and who sold her dower interest in Lucas' land to Thomas Nash, was, in fact, married to the same Francis Lucas who was the father of Stephen and William Lucas. I can, then, state with confidence that the same Francis Lucas who married Anne Smith also married Anne (________) who remarried to Ephraim Vernon, since it was as Anne Vernon that she sold her interest in the land. I will now shift my attention to North Carolina. On January 15, 1750/1, in New Hanover County, North Carolina, Ephraim Vernon entered into an agreement with his wife Ann, and with Hugh Blaning, William Bartram, John Lucas and James Lyon acting as her trustees, in which he deeded to the trustees, for the use of his wife Anne Vernon, certain lands, slaves, stock, and household items. The agreement reads in part, "... Whereas certain doubts controversies quarrels & disputes have arisen between the afsd Ephraim Vernon & the sd Anne Vernon his wife & that each of them may for the future... live peaceably & quietly the afsd Ephraim Vernon & Anne Vernon have mutually agreed to separate (peaceably & quietly as afsd) and live apart from each other..." [21] No evidence of a divorce has been found, but Elizabeth McKay, in Early New Hanover Records, states, "The author found records showing that in 1754 the Rector of St. Phillips baptised Nancy Vernon, adult daughter of John and Hester Gott... and also Ephraim Vernon, son of Nancy, at the same time and place - and he baptised William Vernon, son of Nancy at Port Vernon 25 Mar 1757 and Lucy Vernon, daughter of Nancy at Port Vernon in November 1757..." Ms. McKay then mentions Ephraim Vernon's will. I have not seen Ms. McKay's article, nor Ephraim Vernon's will, but have been told by a correspondent that she gives the date of the will as 1760. However, in North Carolina Taxpayers, 1701-1786 by Clarence R. Ratcliff, I found: VERNON, Ephraim -- New Hanover -- 1742 Ephraim's Estate -- New Hanover -- 1755 Ephraim's Estate -- New Hanover -- 1762 Estate 11 m 11 f slaves -- Brunswick -- 1769 Estate -- Brunswick -- 1772 So it appears that Ephraim Vernon of New Hanover County died between 1742 and 1755. Anne Vernon of Bladen County, North Carolina, made her will on September 23, 1760, and bequeathed to her son Thomas Lucas £50 proclamation money, the same to her son Henry Lucas, to her son John Lucas certain lands with reversion to the children of her son Thomas Lucas if John died without lawfully begotten heirs, and to her daughter Lillah [This name sometimes seen as Zillah.] Johnston, all her wearing apparel and the rest of her real and personal estate. [22] It was only after Anne Vernon's death that the separation agreement mentioned above was registered, and probably it was done then in order to confirm title to the land which had been deeded to Anne by her husband Ephraim Vernon. It will be noted that the three sons whom Anne mentioned in her will were the three sons of Francis and Anne Lucas whose births were registered in North Farnham Parish, Richmond County, Virginia, in 1717, 1719 and 1720. Since the purpose of this research was to establish the descent of Thomas Lucas who died in Fairfax County, Virginia, ca 1795 from Francis Lucas and his wife last wife, Anne ______, it now remains to be shown that Thomas of Fairfax was the same Thomas whose birth was registered in North Farnham Parish and who was the son named in the Bladen County, North Carolina, will of Anne Vernon. This is easily done. There is a deed in Bladen County dated December 15, 1775, in which the grantors are Thomas Robeson and wife and Thomas Brown and wife, heirs at law of Col. William Bartram, dec'd., and the grantee is Thomas Lucas of Fairfax County, Virginia, heir at law of John Lucas, dec'd., of Bladen County. [23] It is clear that by December of 1775, John Lucas, son of Francis and Anne (________) Lucas was dead without issue, and that his brother, Thomas, living in Fairfax County, Virginia, was his heir at law. After the death of John Lucas without "heirs lawfully begotten," the children of his brother Thomas became the reversionary legatees of their grandmother, Anne Vernon, under the terms of her will. On January 12, 1775, William Simpson and Eleanor his wife, John Marshall and Sarah his wife, William Powell and Zilla his wife, and Mary Lucas, all of Fairfax County, Virginia, appointed "our loving brother Francis Lucas of Bladen County, North Carolina to be our true and lawful attorney..." [24] The purpose of this power of attorney is not stated therein, but there can be but little doubt that it was for the purpose of claiming their inheritance for them. Fifteen years later, on May 29, 1790, articles of agreement were made between Thomas Cockerell and Million his wife and John Mackintosh and Alcey his wife, all of Fairfax County of the first part and Elizabeth Lucas widow of Bladen County, North Carolina, of the other. Anne Vernon widow late of Bladen County aforesaid deceased by her last will and testament devised the plantation and tract of land containing 320 acres whereon the said Elizabeth Lucas now lives and known heretofore by the name of Placenta situate in Bladen County aforesaid (to) her son John Lucas for his life and after his death to the children of her son Thomas Lucas of Fairfax County and their heirs... and whereas the said John Lucas is since dead... the said Million and Alcey children of the said Thomas Lucas and devisees under the said will... have sold their respective rights... unto Elizabeth Lucas widow... now for securing and protecting title to said Elizabeth... etc." [25]

      A summary of the children of Francis Lucas Sr: Children of Francis Lucas and Anne (?Batten) were:
      1. Phyllis Lucas
      2. Possibly also, William Lucas, who died while still a minor, without issue and probably unmarried.

      Children of Francis Lucas and Anne Smith were:
      3. Stephen Lucas, born July 27, 1713, in North Farnham Parish, Richmond County, Virginia; died about 1737 in Richmond County, without issue, and probably unmarried.
      4. Francis Lucas Jr, died ca 1739 in Prince William County, Virginia; administratrix' bond posted February 26, 1738/39. He married Anne --------, who survived him.

      Children of Francis Lucas and Anne -------- were:
      5. Zillah Lucas, died about 1789 in Bladen County, North Carolina. She married (1) James Lyon, who died in 1752 in Bladen County, North Carolina; will dated April 27, 1752, proved June 1752. She married (2) probably in Bladen County, Robert(?) Johnston.
      6. John Lucas, born September 27, 1717 in North Farnham Parish, Richmond County, Virginia; died without issue before December 1775 in Bladen County, North Carolina.
      7. Thomas Lucas Sr, born June 19, 1719, in North Farnham Parish, Richmond County, Virginia; died about 1795 in Fairfax County, Virginia; will dated August 21, 1790, proved September 21, 1795. He married, about 1740, probably in Richmond County, Virginia, Eleanor ________, who survived him.
      8. Henry Lucas, born November 24, 1720, in North Farnham Parish, Richmond County, Virginia; perhaps died in Bladen County, North Carolina.

      Thomas Lucas [No. 7 above, son of Francis Lucas Sr and his last wife] made his will in Fairfax County, Virginia, on August 21, 1791, and it was proved in Court on September 21, 1795. He devised to his son Thomas Lucas two tracts of land containing 550 acres, "lying on the northeast side of the North west Branch of the Cape Fear River in the County of Bladen and state of North Carolina, both which Tracts descended to me as Heir at Law to my Brother John Lucas deceased... upon this express Condition that he... convey in fee simple to my grandson Henry Lucas (son of Francis Lucas) a Tract of Land which I made my said son Thomas a Deed for lying on Donahoe's Creek in Bladen County... on the South side of the North West Branch of Cape Fear River..." He bequeathed some personal items, etc. to his grandson Thomas Garrett, and "All the Rest & residue of my Estate, real and personal, after payment of my just Debts, I give to my wife Elener Lucas during her widowhood and at her marriage or Death all to be equally divided in fee simple among all my Children which shall be living at that time (?)Sillah Powell's part or proportion of the same shall be held by her for the term of her life and after her Death shall be equally divided between her two Sons Francis & Thomas Powell & their Heirs." He nominated his wife to be executrix and his son Thomas to be executor. Thomas Lucas presented the will in Court and it was proved by the oaths of Richard Ratcliff and Francis Coffer, two of the witnesses, and admitted to record. [26] The record is strangely silent, however, on the matter of Thomas or anyone else qualifying as executor. At some point, Richard Simpson became administrator of this estate, but his appointment as such has so far not been found in the Fairfax County records.

      Richard Simpson seems to have kept detailed records of transactions connected with the Thomas Lucas estate, but was less than diligent about filing annual returns with the Fairfax County Court. Richard, himself, died intestate in Fairfax County about 1819, and on February 21, 1820, at the request of his administrators, James Sangster and Benjamin Burke, the Court ordered "John Arundell, Robert Ratcliffe, Francis Coffer and Thomas Coffer or any three of them be and they are hereby appointed to settle the estate account of the said Thomas Lucas deceased with the admors. of the said Richard Simpson and make report to the Court." On March 21, 1820, Robert Ratcliffe, Thomas Coffer and Francis Coffer filed their report. [27] It shows equal distribution to:
      1. To the 1/7 part of the nett proceeds of the decedents estate due the Admor. in Right of his Wife
      2. Paid J. McIntosh in right of his Wife
      3. Ditto Thomas Cockrell ditto ditto
      4. Ditto Wm. Powell & Wife
      5. Ditto John Marshall & Wife
      6. Ditto Moses Simpson Ditto
      7. Amt. purchased by Wm. Simpson in right of his wife

      With the information from the 1775 power of attorney, the 1790 agreement, Thomas Lucas' will, and this distribution, it is now possible to give the names of the children of Thomas Lucas and his wife, Eleanor _______:
      1. Eleanor Lucas married William Simpson before January 12, 1775
      2. Sarah Lucas married John Marshall before January 12, 1775
      3. Million Lucas married John Cockerell before May 29, 1790
      4. Alcey Lucas married John McIntosh before May 29, 1790
      5. Francis Lucas. Other records show that he married Elizabeth Lyon, his cousin, daughter of Lillah/Zillah Lucas and her first husband, James Lyon, and that Francis was dead when his father, Thomas Lucas, made his will. In fact, it was Elizabeth (Lyon) Lucas to whom the Cockerells and McIntoshes made the deed in 1790.
      6. Zillah Lucas who married William Powell
      7. A daughter who married Moses Simpson. From other records it is known that this was Mary Lucas, whose first husband had been William Garrett. She was the mother of the grandson mentioned in Thomas Lucas' will.
      8. Thomas Lucas Jr
      9. A daughter who married Richard Simpson who was administrator of the Thomas Lucas estate. This daughter's name is not given in any of the Lucas records, but there are many records in Fairfax County which show that Richard Simpson's wife's name was Ann. Armed with the names of Thomas Lucas' children, and the name of his wife, I will return briefly to North Farnham Parish and its Register. I find the births of four of these nine children registered there: [3] Francis, son of Thomas and Eleanor Lucas, November 2, 1743 Ann, daughter of Thomas and Eleanor Lucas, April 25, 1745 Eleanor, daughter of Thomas and Eleanor Lucas, April 3, 1748 Sarah, daughter of Thomas and Eleanor Lucas, October 31, 1749."

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Ancestry records for Sarah Lucas