Early Colonial Settlers of Southern Maryland and Virginia's Northern Neck Counties

John Addison

Male 1634 - 1706  (71 years)

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  • Name John Addison 
    Born 1634  England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died Between Nov 1705 and Apr 1706  on visit to England from Charles County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I2284  Tree1
    Last Modified 29 Nov 2021 

    Family ID F1667  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Rebecca Wilkinson,   b. Abt 1635, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Aug 1726, Prince George's County, Maryland - probate Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 91 years) 
    Married Abt May 1677  Calvert County, Maryland - now Prince George's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location 
     1. John Addison,   b. Abt 1660,   d. 24 Feb 1681, Kent County, Maryland - Inventory Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 21 years)  [natural]
     2. Anne Addison,   b. Abt 1663, St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1692, St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 29 years)  [natural]
     3. Thomas Addison,   b. 1679, Charles County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Jun 1727, St. Johns Parish, Prince George's County, Maryland - Probate Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 48 years)  [natural]
     4. Thomas {Addl Records} Addison,   b. 1679, Charles County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Jun 1727, St. Johns Parish, Prince George's County, Maryland - Probate Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 48 years)  [natural]
    Last Modified 29 Nov 2021 
    Family ID F1463  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • ===
      Hon. Col. John Addison, Esq. 29.193 I PG £836.4.10 Apr 29 1709
      Appraisers: William Hutchison, Hickford Leman.
      Col. John Addison 29.229 A £864.4.10 £67.18.7 May 28 1709
      Mentions: Mr. William Hutchison, Mr. Hickford Leman.
      Received from: Mr. Joseph Jackson (merchant), Capt. John Hyde, Mr. Isaac Millner, Mr. Heneage Robinson, Mr. John Travers.
      Payments to: James Mullikin, Joseph James, Issabella Dickison, Charles Jones, William Morris, William Floyde, Dr. William Lock, John Middleton, Mr. William Hutchison, Mr. James Wallace, Patrick Hepburne, Mr. John Frigg, His Excellency John Seymour.
      Administrator: Mr. Thomas Addison.
      Col. John Addison
      o. Lancelot Addison, Dean of Lichfield [69]
      o. Joseph Addison, essayist [69]
      came to Maryland 1667
      came to Maryland 1677
      bought wedge of land 1687
      bought "Addisons Folly" 1689
      in loyalist assoc. 1689 Summer,
      bought more surplusage
      head of vestry 1692 Piscataway Par.
      hosted vestry meeting 1692
      owned "St. Elizabeth" 1695 "St. Elizabeth"
      head of county militia 1696 to 1699
      "unfair to Indians" 1697
      trip to England 1700
      disappeared from public life
      Acts of the General Assembly Hitherto Unprinted 1694-1698, 1711-172
      Public Record Office, London. C. O. 5, Vol. 731, Maryland. From 1694-1702. Acts Acts of June, 1697, ch. 8
      An Act for quieting the Differences arising between the Indians and English in private Controversys.
      Because many differences have heretofore arisen & hereafter may arise between the Indians belonging to the Nations of Indians under our protection & friendship and dweling amongst us & the English in private & personall matters which for want of a convenient and speedy way of determining cause great trouble & inconveniency to Partys concerned as well the offended as offenders their being no reguler way of hearing and determining the same but by the Governeur & Councill which would be very chargable to the Province by bringing them hither for the prevention whereof for the future and giveing speedy redress in such cases Bee it Enacted by the Kings Most Excellent Majty etc. that the Persons hereafter in this Act menconed be and are appointed authorized & Impowred dureing the continuance of this Act upon application to him or them made to hear and determine all differences quarrells & controversies that hereafter may happen to arise between any Indians & English, to [sic] private & personall controversies in their severall & respective precincts, That is to say for the Nation of Choptico Indians in St. Marys County & the English Inhabitants adjacent Mr Richard Clowd & Mr Ralph Foster & for the Nations of Ackocick Nanjemoy Pomunky & Piscattoway and those that Inhabit within Charles & Prince George's County & the English Inhabitants there unto adjacent Coll John Addison & Mr Wm Hatton
      Admiral in the Royal Navy of England. John came to this country from England in the year 1667. In common with his family in England, Colonel Addison was a Whig in politics, and his signature is found on an address of congratulation to King William. He was the leading commissioner in establishing St. John's parish, Maryland, and in building Broad Creek Church, of which his great grandson, Rev. Walter Addison was later rector.
      He was the leading spirit in old St. John's Parish, and contributed materially toward the Broad Creek church, of which his grandson was the beloved rector in later years. He was a trustee of King William's School, which he aided financially. He was placed in command of the militia of Prince George County, as its Colonel, March 3, 1696, and after fighting the Indians with distinction, was placed in command of Baltimore County, Upper Potomac District, March 30, 1698. He was a member of the Privy Council from April 6, 1692 to 1704. He was commissioned custodian of the Great Seal of the Province, December 9,1696, which office he resigned January 2.
      He returned to England on business, and died in that country, intestate, leaving considerable wealth there besides "a very large landed estate in this country."
      Hon. Col, John Addison, Esq. 29,193 I PG £836.4.10 Apr 29 1709
      Appraisers: William Hutchison, Hickford Leman.
      refer to Home Page: Alice Ament Davidson Gedge - http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~adgedge/

      ! (1) "Maryland Historical Magazine," Vol. 14, "Some Early Colonial Marylanders," p.388-394. Cites: (a) Mr. Boucher in an article written for the "Historia Cumbriensis." (b) Archives of Maryland, Proceedings of the Council 1667-1687/8, Vol. 5, p.334,565; Vol. 7, p.94,610; Vol. 8, p.74,138,199,242,271,307; Vol. 13, p.243-247,320. (c) Archives of Maryland, Proceedings of the Council 1687/8-1693, Vol. 8, p.433. (1d) Archives of MD, Proceedings of the Council 1693-1696/7, Vol. 19, p.421; Vol. 20, p.109,130,281; Vol. 25, p.190,265; Vol. 38, p.27,104.
      (2) "The Tayloes of Virginia and Allied Families," by W. Randolph Tayloe (Berryville, Virginia, 1963) p.88. FHL #929.273 T211t.
      (3) "A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature, 1635-1789," Vol. 1 (John Hopkins Univ. Press, Baltimore) p.100.
      (4) "Register of Maryland's Heraldic Families."
      (5) "Washington Star," Washington D.C., "P.G. OKs Deal for Manor Land," by Donald Hirzel. Date unknown.
      (6) "Genealogy of the Virginia Family of Lomax by one of the Seventh Generation in the Direct Line" (1913) p.50. FHL #929.273 L 837l.
      (7) "The Founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland," by J.D. Warfield (Kohn & Pollock, Baltimore, 1905) p.219.

      ! Birth: (1,4) s/o Rev. Launcelot Addison, M.A. (2) s/o Rev. Launcelot Addison/Dorothy Danvers. (1) From Cumberlandshire, Eng. (3) Westmoreland, England, probably s/o Rev. Launcelot Addison, M.A. (4) 1634. (6) 2nd s/o Launcelot Addison of "The Hill," Westmoreland, England.
      Marriage to Rebecca Wilkinson: (1,2,6) 1677. (1,3,4) Rebecca Dent, nee Wilkinson. (1,3,4) Widow of Thomas Dent. (2,6) Rebecca Dent Wilkinson. (3) By 1677.
      Death: (1,2,4,6) 1706. (1) He is said to have gone on a visit to England and d. there. (1d) Living in Jun 1705, but on 10 Jun 1707 Gov. Seymour writes to the Board of Trade in London that Col. John Addison and 2 other Members of her Majesty's Council in MD have died since the last appointment. (3) Between Nov 1705 and Apr 1706. (4) England.

      (1) Was from Cumberlandshire, England. (3) Member of a socially ascending family in England. Referred to as Gentleman ca. 1670, and Esq. after 1692.
      (5) First Duke of Marlborough. (4) By Manorial Rights he was entitled to arms described as "Ermine on a bend gules; three annulets or: on a chief, argent, three leopards' heads of the third." Crest described as "A Unicorn's head pierced by an arrow, in the bend sinister." Motto was "Vulnus opemque fero" (I bear a wound and a healing). The legend of the arms had its origin in an old Saxon superstition that a wound received on the battlefield could be cured by the weapon that inflicted it.
      (1,2,4,6) 1667: Came to America. (3) 1674, came to America as a free adult from England. (6) Came to MD.
      (3) Resided St. Mary's County, Maryland
      (5) Wealthy merchant and adventurer.
      (1b) 1677/8, Mar: A Maryland proceeding by Christopher Rousby, the King's Collector of Customs, vs. the master of a vessel for importation of goods in violation of the strict letter of the law, in St. George's River, St. Mary's County, from which John Addison seems to be engaged in merchandising. (3) The ship "Liverpool Merchant," of which he owned a share, was condemned and its cargo seized for violation of the Navigation Acts 1679-1782.
      (1b) 1678: In an act passed at the Oct-Nov session of the Maryland Council, John Addison is one of many due tobacco in the late expedition against the Nanticoke Indians and other charges of the Province.
      (1b) 1683: In an act passed at the Oct-Nov session of the Maryland Council, John Addison was appointed one of Commissioners to lay out Ports, Towns and other places in St. Mary's County.
      (4) 1685: Built Oxon Hill Manor. Called Lord of Oxon Hill, Calvert County, Maryland (1695 part became Prince George's County, Maryland.) (1a) The branch of the Addison family that went to MD "possess a noble estate on the banks of the Potomac opposite Alexandria and contiguous to the new Federal City. The family has long been distinguished for their strong sense, fine taste and humour and exquisite style in writing." (1) Oxon Hill, the Colonial home of the Addisons, probably was named for Oxford University, at the mouth of Broad Creek into the Potomac about 10 miles below Washington. It was destroyed by fire 6 Feb 1895 after it had passed out of the family in the time of Rev. Walter Dulany Addison. (4) Destroyed by fire 1897. (5) Oxon Hill Manor overlooking the Potomac River was originally owned by John Addison. He acquired a large section of land as payment for providing overseas passage for colonists in the late 1600's. Other parts were obtained from Lord Baltimore. His son Thomas continued ownership of the property. The Addison family owned the property until 1810. Since then it has been divided and subdivided, and the remaining 55 acre portion lying between Oxon Hill Road and the Beltway, immediately south of Indian Head Highway, Prince George's County, Maryland, was later sold to the county for a park, conference center, mini-convention center and site for cultural and civic activities. The original manor house burned in 1895. The current manor house was built in 1929 by Sumner (sp) Welles, later undersecretary of state and ambassador to Cuba during the administration of President Roosevelt Franklin. He sold the property in 1952. It is believed that John Hanson, president of the First Continental Congress, was buried somewhere on the property at his death in 1783.
      (1b) 1687, 22 Sep: Appointed a "puny" (puisne) Justice for Charles County, Maryland, to which he had at some time removed from St. Mary's. (3) Resided in Charles County, Maryland by 1687. Justice of Charles Co. 1687-1692.
      (1b) 1688/9, Mar: Named as taking part in a wild Indian and French scare, "partly as an alarmist and partly with credit to his better judgement."
      (1b) 1689, 4 Sep: Re-appointed Justice for Charles Co. and Captain of Foot in the upper parts of Charles Co. and "Newscotland." Also appointed one of a Committee for the whole Province for the allotting, laying and assessing the public levy of the Province. (3) 1689-1694, Captain, Charles Co.
      (3) 1689-1692: Attended Associators' Convention, Charles County, Maryland.
      (1b) 1689, 28 Nov: Signed the Congratulatory Address of the Protestants of Charles Co. to William and Mary on their accession to the throne of England. (1) After the Protestant Revolution of 1689 he was one of the leading Protestants of MD. The family has been strongly attached to the Protestant Episcopal Church ever since. (3) His active support of the revolution of 1689 led to his first provincial offices.
      (1b) 1690: Named on several important commissions.
      (3) 1690-1692: Served on the Grand Committee of Twenty.
      (3) 1691: Coroner, Charles County, Maryland.
      (1b) 1691, 16 Apr: Commissioned one of a Special Court for the trial of the accused murderers of John Paine, the royal Collector for Patuxent District, "whose death had caused great political excitement in Maryland and had drawn attention in England."
      (1b) 1691, 26 Aug: The British King and Queen, William and Mary, appointed John Addison one of the Council of Maryland. He continued as a member until his death. (2,6) Member of the Council 1692-1706. (3) 1692-1705. (4) Counsellor for King William.
      (3) 1692: Owned at least 3,289 acres.
      (3) 1692-1693: Served in the MD Upper House.
      (1b) 1692, 8 Apr: Commissioned a Justice of the Provincial Court. (The highest Court in Maryland.) (3) Justice, Provincial Court, 1692-1694.
      (1b) 1692, 30 May: Appointed by the Governor and Council one of several Commissioners to hold a special Court of Oyer and Terminer for the trial of the master of a vessel in St. Mary's River accused of illegally entering goods.
      (2,6) 1692, 30 Jul: Commissioned Captain of Militia.
      (1c) 1692, 21 Dec: In a letter brought to the attention of the MD Council, he is called "a new Castle Factor," which may indicate a business connection with that town in England. The remark was apparently intended to be abusive, and to speak disrespectfully of a Member of the Council was a serious offense. There was a complaint of a Member that he had been elected a Vestryman and asking if it is not an indignity to a Member of the Council; the Council said that it is and ordered the election to be annulled.
      (3) 1693: Judge, Court of Chancery.
      (3) 1693-1705: Served on Piscataway (King George's) Parish Vestry, Charles County, Maryland.
      (3) 1694-1697: Served in the MD Upper House.
      (1d) 1694, 30 Jul: Mentioned in the proceedings of the Council of MD as being a Captain of a Troop of Horse, commissioned on the same day as Colonel of Charles Co. (3) 1694-1705, Colonel, Charles and Prince George's Cos. (6) Colonel commanding militia of Charles County, Maryland.
      (1d,6) 1695, 17 Aug: Commissioned Colonel of Prince George's County, recently formed, being taken chiefly from Charles Co. (2) Colonel commanding Charles Co. Militia and placed in command of the militia of Prince George's Co. (3) Resided in Prince George's Co. after 1695.
      (1d) 1696, Jul: Appointed by Act of Assembly one of the first Trustees of King William's School, to be founded at Annapolis, afterwards St. John's College. (4) One of the founders of St. John's College. (7) The trustees of King William's School at its founding in 1696 were Gov. Francis Nichollson, Hon. Sir Thomas Lawrence, Col. George Robathan, Col. Charles Hutchins, Col. John Addison, Rev. Divine, Mr. Peregrine Coney, Mr. John Hewitt, Mr. Robert Smith, Kenelym Cheseldyne, Henry Coursey, Edward Dorsey, Thomas Ennals, Thomas Tasker, Francis Jenkins, William Dent, Thomas Smith, Edward Boothy, John Thompson and John Bigger, gentleman. The school stood on a lot given by Gov. Nichollson on the south side of the State House, the spot of the DeKalb Statue, and was completed in 1701. In 1785, the property was conveyed to St. John's College.
      (2,6) 1696-1699: Chancellor and Keeper of the Great Seal of the Province. (3) Associate chancellor 1696.
      (1d) 1697, Jun: By an Act of the Assembly, he was appointed, with another man, to hear and determine all differences, quarrels and controversies between the Indian Nations of Ackocick, Nanjemoy, Pomunky and Piscattoway and those that inhabit within Charles and Prince George's Cos. and the English inhabitants thereunto adjacent. (1) He is very frequently mentioned in the MD Archive records, especially in connection with operations against and dealings with the Indians, his residence in Charles and Prince George's Counties being on or near the then frontier of the settled Province.
      (3) 1697/8-1700: Served in the MD Upper House.
      (3) 1699-1700: Associate Commissary General.
      (3) 1701-1704: Served in the MD Upper House.
      (3) 1704-1705: Served in the MD Upper House, but died before the 4th session.
      (3) At death, he owned 6,478.5 acres and 14 slaves. He had a balance of just under 1,000 lbs. sterling in the hands of several London merchants.
      (3) Established a powerful political family in Prince George's County, Maryland.
      Phillip Mason 25.132 A PG £64.6.4 £22.3.4 Apr 27 1705
      Payments to: Edward Millstead, Col. John Addison, Mr. Bayne, Michaell Martin.
      Administrator: Alexander Herbert.
      Robert Masters J38A.121 A PG £19.29 £20.17.10 Apr 6 1717
      Payments to: Thomas Locker Jr., Richard Coleman, Rev. Mr. John Fraiser, Joseph Coleman. Mr. Bladen, Benjamin Berry, Patrick Hepburn,
      List of debts: Thomas Aplegate, Thomas Gatton, James Gore, George Wilson, Mr. Fraisser, James Findall, John Jones.
      Mentions: Col. Addison, Mr. Al. Harbert.
      Administrator: William Masters.
      Henry Hull 4.74 A SM #14398 #15254 May 21 1677
      List of debts: Kenelme Chizeldyn,, Andrew Whittington, George Norgate, Thomas Hopkins, Georgate, Samuell Barnes, Isaack Alcock, Emanuell Ratliffe, John Culle, Benjamin Hinton & Edward Gunnell, Edward Leacroft.
      Payments to: Andrew Whittington, George Norgate, Kenelme Chizeldyn, Thomas Hopkins, Samuell Barnes, Isaac Alcock, Emanuell Ratcliffe, John Culle, Benjamin Hinton & Edward Gunnell, Edward Leacroft.
      Executrix: Rebecca Addison (relict of Thomas Dent (executor of Henry Hull)).
      John Cuningham 7A.100 A SM #74360 #78604 May 25 1680
      Received from: William Rosewell, Thomas Keyting, Thomas Bennet, Thomas Winn for
      Henry Rider, Mr. Garret Vansweringen for Walter Hall (dead), John Addison (executor of Nicholas Proddye).
      Payments to: Mr. Chezeldine, John Jones, William Calvert, Esq, paid to Capt. Slye, Leonard Greene for an action vs. Mr. Addison (executor of Nicholas Proddy), Capt. Slye, Francis Johnson paid to Capt, Slye, William Harper, John Manley, John Newton, Kenelme Cheseldine, William Williams in an action vs, Walter Hall, Mr. John Darnall in an action vs. James Greene and in an action VS. Francis Johnson, Thomas Winn in an action vs. Mr. Samuell Leadbeater, Rebecca Dent, John Barnes, Stephen Murty.
      Executor: John Watson.
      James Pean 7A.215 A #7290 #12694 Aug 28 1680
      Received from: Robert Cole, John Tant, Henry Spinke, John Davis, Michaell Thompson, Robert Brigen, James Pattison, John Warren, Sr., Michaell Realy. John Angell, William Farthing, Richard Craydon, William Roswell, John Williams.
      Mentions: Peeter Howard, Peeter Mills.
      Payments to: Abraham Combs, Robert Craft, Michael Duquas, Randolph Hanson
      remainder payable to Abraham Beele (merchant) & John Stone (merchant), David Driver, Thomas Spalding, Thomas Nottingham for wages for administrator's wife, Matthew Cartwright, Thomas Salmon, Nehemiah Blackiston, John Bayley of Clements Bay, Gerrard Slye, William Roswell, John Addison, Robert Ridgley for fees for naturalization of deceased & his wife & daughter.
      Administratrix: Magdalen Bayley (widow), wife of John Bayley.
      John Blackfan 7A.239 A #53939 #38683
      Payments to: Mr. John Stone, Col. Benjamin Rozier, John Jones, William Pryer, Gerret Vansweringen, Ed. Abbet, Charles Cullis, Thomas Buckridg, John Givin, Philip Lines, Thomas Shuttleworth, Thomas Hussey, Mrs. Margery Stone, John Fanning - ------ Helgar, John Adisson, ------ Bacon in London paid to Mr. Stone, Thomas Humphry.
      Administrator/Executor: Joseph Manning.
      ===Mackline Alcock is wife of Thomas? aka Mary ?
      Thomas Jackson 9.465 A SM £89.7.1 #177026 Feb 14 1687
      The amount of the inventory is equivalent to #21445. Beyond that the amount of the inventory also included #148358.
      Received from: John Edwards, Roger Toll, Mr. Thomas Courtney, Mr. Thompson, Mr. Ankctill, Anthony Evans.
      Payments to: Mackline Alcock, George Layfield, Margaret Jackson, William Dent, Edward Fisher, Nicholas White, Peter Watts, John Addison, Michael Taney, Philip Gittings, Mr. Garret Vansweringen & James Cullen, James Heath,
      Administrator/Executor: Anthony Underwood.
      Mr. William Berief 8.35 I £15.14.5 Feb 15 1682
      Appraisers: John Addison, Francis Hill.
      Mentions: Thomas Keting, Richard Ridgell.
      Hambleton (Hamelton) Gavin Prince George's County, 30th Dec., 1698,
      To only son Andrew, estate, real and personal.
      To: 3 child. (daus. unnamed), residue of estate equally.
      Son Andrew afsd. and his mother (unnamed), joint exs.
      Overseers: Col. Addison, Wm. Tannehill.
      Test: Giles Bell, Jno. Willingsworth, Jno. Hurt, Henry Karmanlepp. MCW 6.214.
      James Peaggrafe 8.434 I SM £37.18.2 Mar 16 1684 Mar 24 1684
      Appraisers: Mr. Henry Lawrence, Walter Wolverston,
      List of debts: Will Blankeletone, Leonard Green, Henry Phipps, Thomas Valge, Robert Mason, John Bouth, Marmaduke Sime, Walter Wolverton, John Jerret,, John Adison, Richard Thompson
      Mr. John Stone 17.11 1 CH Dec 16 1697
      Servants mentioned: Peter Bellman (boy),, Mary Pilkton, Edward Lewis.
      Appraisers: John Addison, John Hanson,

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