Early Colonial Settlers of Southern Maryland and Virginia's Northern Neck Counties

John Roy

Male 1683 - 1734  (51 years)


Personal Information    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name John Roy  [1, 2, 3
    Birth 1683  King & Queen County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Death 10 Oct 1734  St. Mary's Parish, Caroline County, Virginia - Probate Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I24245  Tree1
    Last Modified 5 Apr 2024 

    Father Richard Roy,   b. Between 1654 and 1657, Roy's Neck, King & Queen County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this locationd. Bef Oct 1730, Statton Major, King & Queen County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location (Age ~ 76 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother Mary Marsh,   b. Abt 1661   d. Statton Major, King & Queen County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Relationship natural 
    Marriage Abt 1679  King & Queen County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F16015  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Dorothy Buckner,   b. Bef 1684, Gloucester County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 17 Feb 1746, St. Mary's Parish, Caroline County, Virginia - Probate Find all individuals with events at this location (Age > 62 years) 
    Marriage 1711  St. Mary's Parish, Essex County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Thomas Roy,   b. 1713, St. Mary's Parish, Essex County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 1772, Caroline County, Virginia - probate Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 59 years)  [Father: natural]
     2. Rueben Roy,   b. 1715, St. Mary's Parish, Essex County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 13 Oct 1757, Caroline County, Virginia - probate Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 42 years)  [Father: natural]
     3. Richard Roy,   b. 1717, St. Mary's Parish, Essex County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 1795, Caroline County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 78 years)  [Father: natural]
     4. Mary Roy,   b. 1720, St. Mary's Parish, Essex County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  [Father: natural]
     5. Elizabeth Roy,   b. 1722, Essex County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 17 Nov 1742, Caroline County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 20 years)  [Father: natural]
    Family ID F16014  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 5 Apr 2024 

  • Notes 
    • ===
      Caroline Co. Va Order Books page 287 [10 October 1734]
      The last will and testament of John Roy was presented in court by Dory. Roy and Thomas Roy the executors therein named and proved by John Griffin and Mary Gillison now Mary Towles witness thereto. On motion of the executors certificate is granted them for obtaining a probate.
      It's ordered that Johna Gibson, John Taliaferro, Richard Taliaferro and John Catlett Jr. appraise the estate of John Roy.
      ===
      Caroline Co. Va Order Books page 287 [11 April 1735]
      The inventory of the estate of John Roy returned
      ===
      Contributed by: James Hughes

      URL: http://www.historicportroyal.com/town_history.htm
      URL title: The Founding of Port Royal by Trip Wiggins
      Note:
      The Roy family, headed by Hugh, first came to Virginia in 1634. Hugh's son, Richard, settled in King & Queen county and was married about 1679. To this marriage were born at least four children: Hannah, John, William (or Richard Jr.), and James.

      Two of these are of interest to us. Hannah, born about 1680, would marry that early leader of Spotsylvania county, Larkin Chew. But for now we will concentrate on the life of John. He was born about 1683. In 1716 he purchased Buckner's Essex county tobacco warehouse. (Caroline county would not be carved out of Essex for another decade.) John had been an inspector at Buckner's which was located about 100 yards north (upstream) of the current US 301 bridge. A tobacco inspector was an office of importance in the colonial towns.

      About 1712 the Roy and Buckner families became closer as John married Dorothy Buckner Smith - daughter of Richard Buckner. (Richard was John Buckner's son.) She was also the widow of Charles Smith (of the Lawrence Smith family) and she had blood ties to the Fitzhugh's of King George Co.

      John and Dorothy had a fairly large and interesting family. Among their children were:

      Thomas, born about 1712, who managed the warehouse from his father's death in 1734 until his own death in 1772.

      Reuben (ca 1715-1757), Richard (ca 1717-ca1795), Mungo, Dorothy, Mary and Elizabeth. It is to be noted that Elizabeth (Betty) married the future famed Virginia jurist Edmund Pendleton in 1741 but died the same year in childbirth.

      John Roy's wife, Dorothy, deserves special mention in the Roy family annals and in the founding of Port Royal. She is regarded as one of America's first business women. In a day when men controlled everything and women had few rights, Dorothy was ahead of her time. It was she who is credited with getting a "rolling road" built connecting Chesterfield (west of Bowling Green) to Roy's warehouse - generally following the current US 301 route. (This was to counter the road between the plantations at Guinea & Francis Conway's warehouse.) Following the death of her husband in 1734, Dorothy obtained a license and operated a tavern in town, and secured title to both the Roy warehouse and a ferry in her name. She may have been the first woman in Virginia to own a tobacco warehouse. She died in 1746.

      By the 1720s the population in the area was growing. More ships were making port visits to the Rappahannock tobacco warehouses and Roy's warehouse was quickly outpacing Conway's. In 1727, Lt. Gov. Gooch signed a law creating Caroline county from the upper areas of King and Queen, King William, and Essex counties naming it for King George II's wife, Caroline of Ansbach. By the 1740's more and more settlers were living around Roy's warehouse and using the Roy Tavern as a central communications hub for the area (conversation, news, gossip, mail, food & drink, and entertainment). The time was right to form a town. What was still needed was the land on which to lay out the townsite.

      That came from Elizabeth Smith, widow of Robert Smith. In September, 1744 she petitioned the House of Burgesses that her husband's will had ordered 60 acres of land, lying near Roy's warehouse, be laid off for a town. The same week, Charles Carter, of Cleve, in King George county across the river, requested a town be established near Roy's warehouse. In those days a bill had to be read before the Council three times before it could be enacted. Oct. 4, 1744, was the third reading for "an Act for establishing a Town near Roy's warehouse in ye County of Caroline..." It was finally approved by the Governor and his Council on Oct. 25th. The town was born - but it still needed a name. (The 60 acres had been surveyed in 1743 by Robert Brooke who laid out 84 lots on the land east of present-day US 301.)

      The "town at Roy's warehouse" was probably established more for trade and commerce than to provide services to its inhabitants. It had excellent wharves, many blacksmiths, the tobacco warehouses, stables and taverns. It was also located on the main road connecting the capital of Williamsburg with Maryland and important cities to the north (the Potomac ferry crossing was at Hooe's in modern Dahlgren).

      The General Assembly appointed seven trustees and directors to oversee the town: Charles Carter, William Beverley, Thomas Turner, John Baylor, Richard Taliaferro, Lunsford Lomax, and Oliver Towles (the only trustee actually living in Port Royal). Their duties included, "building, carrying on, and maintaining a town on the said land; and they, or any three of them, to have full power to meet as often as they shall think necessary, and shall set apart such land for a market place, a public quay, and appoint such places upon the river for public landings, as they shall think most convenient; and if the same shall be necessary, shall direct the making of wharves and cranes at such public landings, for the public use."

      The first duty was to convey lots to Smith's widow, Elizabeth, and his sons, as further stipulated in his will. Then they began auctioning off the remaining lots.

      Finally a name was settled on - Port Royal - by the General Assembly. Why? Some sources indicate it was in honor of Port Royal, located in Jamaica, West Indies, with whom many Virginia planters had carried on trade. Records from the Revolutionary War indicate that some wanted to change the name to Port Roy as the term "Royal" was in ill favor during the rebellion - but "Royal" remained. Other sources point out that it was named after John Roy and it was merely expanded to Port Royal because it sounded better. Still others say it was named after John's entrepreneurial wife -Dorothy- who really got the area moving with her road, tavern and tobacco warehouse. What's the real answer? Perhaps no one will ever know.

      Regardless of how it was named, this fascinating town has, for over two and a half centuries, kept its small, port town atmosphere very much alive. Where others have been enlarged - and somewhat trashed by the urban sprawl of progress - Port Royal remains much as it was in John and Dorothy's day. Come. Drop into the 18th century on your next drive down US 17!
      ===
      1714-1716 Essex County, Virginia Deed & Will Book 14, Part 2; [Virginia Colonial Abstracts Vol 9, Beverley Fleet]; Page 79. Bond. 21 Nov. 1716. £2000. John Roy, Gent., as agent for a Storehouse on Rappahannock River.
      Wit: Signed Jno Roy
      Wil Robinson Richd Covington
      Salvator Muscoe Jno Lomax
      Tho Henman
      Rec. 21 Nov. 1716.

      ===
      Contributed by: James Hughes

      URL: http://users.rcn.com/deeds/spotsylv.gz
      URL title: Spotsylvania County, Virginia
      Note:
      patent
      ref VPB 10 p374
      dat 8 Apr 1718
      decl -4
      to Charles Taliaferro of Essex Co.
      Whereas by one patent made under the great Seale of this our Colony and Dominion of Virginia bearing date the 5th of November 1712 there weas granted unto Dorothy Smith and Charles Taliaferro 1071 acres in Essex County on the S side of Rappahannock River in the freshes thereof above the falls which sd tract or parcell of land was granted on condition of Seating and planting as in the said patent expressed And whereas John Ray or Roy and the Said Dorothy his now wife have failed to make Such Seating and planting on their part said half part con 55 shill. re 535½a the said half part lately belonging to the said Dorothy loc 16876 -39762 F127 L0 P255

      pt A) on the upper End of the land of John Bowzees at a marked tree by the main run Side on a point !and extendeth itself by the said land
      ln s14.5w; 160p; SxW3.25W 160P John Bowzee, fm a point pt
      B) a white oak corner treeof the said Bowzees land and thence continues its course ln s14.5w; 340p; SxW3.25W 340p pt
      C) 3 angular marked trees to the extent of 500P in all, thence ln w14.5n; 320p; WxN3.25N 320p pt
      D) red oak ln n14.5e; 512p; NxE3.25E 512P pt
      E) a certain point called Ewe tree point by Motts falling br. !thence by the said branch to the main run of the river lm NE; 80P; Motts Falling Br., fm Ewe Tree Point pt
      F) and finally down the Same according to its Several courses on a Straight line SExE2°E to the first mentioned station lm s57e; ; SExE2E down River
      =====
      1718-1721 Essex County, Virginia Deed Book 16; [John Frederick Dorman]; page 77-78.
      12 June 1719, After the death of Mr. Charles Smith of Essex County, Dorothy his widow (now the wife of Mr. John Roy) made choice of the planation where the said John and Dorothy now live with the tract of land thereto belonging , together with the plantation above Massaponnx Creek where John Henby then lived, bounded on the lower side according to a lease thereof to him made by Mr, Charles Taliafeffo, viz., by a red oak sapling to blazed by the river side and so across the old field into the woods to a stake in the woods by the fence then made between the said Henby and one John Sorrell, but the said choice was never ascertained by authentic writing or on record.
      To the end that there may be no dificulties concerning the dower of Dorothy in the said Charles' lands sold or morgaged to Messrs. Micajah Perry and Company or any of them, merchants in London, John Roy and Dorothy his wife on the one part and Robert Beverley in behalf of the said Perrys on the other part agree to the division between them as the dower of the said Dorothy assigned by the said Perrys upon her demand in right of dower. Jno. Roy Dorothy Roy
      Wit: John Evans, Law: Taliafeffo, John(x) Goughe
      6 June 1719. Proved by Larence Taliafeffo, Gent., and John Evans and acknowledged by John Roy.
      ===
      1721-1723 King George County, Virginia Order Book; [Antient Press]; Page
      King George County Court 6th of luly 1722; Page 56
      - In the accon; brought by BROMFEILD LONG against JOHN ROY for five hundred and twenty five pounds of tobacco due by Accot., the said Defendt. being called and not appearing, judgment is therefore granted to the Plt. against THOMAS TURNER security returned for his appearance unless the Defendt. appear at the next Court and answer the said accon:
      - In the accon; brought by BROMFEILD LONG against JOHN ROY for five hundred and twenty five pounds of tobacco due by Accot., the said Defendt. being called and not appearing, judgment is therefore granted to the Plt. against THOMAS TURNER security returned for his appearance unless the Defendt. appear at the next Court and answer the said accon:
      ===
      1722-1725 Spotsylvania County, Virginia Deed Book A; [Antient Press];
      July 8, 1722. Robert Smith of the County of Essex, planter, to Alexander Spotswood of Spotsylvania County, Esqr. L320 ster., "all those messuages, tennants, plantations and land lying and being on both sides of the mouth of a large creek called Massaponnax in Spts. County, formerly part of Rappk. Co.-imputed to be 2000 a. of land,"on Rappahannock River. Witnesses: John Roy, Law. Battaile, Jos. Delaney, Mark Shephord, Rec. Septr. 3, 1723-"at which time likewise Dorothy Roy's power of attorney to Jno. Waller to impower him to acknowledge her right of dower of the above said deed,"etc.
      ===
      1722-1725 Spotsylvania County, Virginia Deed Book A; [Antient Press]; Page 166-168
      THIS INDENTURE made this Thirtieth day of October Anno one thousand seven hundred and twenty five; Between SAMUELL LOYDE of the Parish of Saint George in County of Spotsylvania, Planter, of one part and JOHN ROY of the Parish of Saint Mary in County of ESSEX, Planter of the other part;
      Witnesseth that SAMUELL LOYDE in consideration of the sum of five shillings to him in hand paid by JOHN ROY hath and by these presents doth bargain and sell unto JOHN ROY his heirs all that one hundred twenty and one acres of land lying in Parish of Saint George in Spotsylvania County bounded, Beginning at two red Oaks in the line of the land formerly layed off for THOMAS FREEMAN and WILLIAM PARKER now in possession of ROBERT BEVERLEY, thence North thirty degrees West one hundred twenty two poles to two white Oaks corner to WILLIAM HUTCHESON, thence North twenty five degrees West forty eight poles to a Stake on the East side of a small Branch, thence North thirty three degrees East one hundred poles to a corner tree in LEWIS's line formerly WARNER's, thence along WARNER's line South forty five degrees East one hundred and sixty poles to a white and red Oake corner in the said LEWIS's line and corner to ROBERT BEVERLEY, thence South thirty three degrees West one hundred and fifty poles along the said BEVERLEY's line to the place it first began with all rents and profitts of the premises; To have and to hold the tract of land and premises with appurtenances unto JOHN ROY his heirs from the day before the date hereof dureing the term of one whole year paying therefore the rent of one ear of Indian Corn at the Feast of Saint Michael the Arch Angel only if the same be lawfully demanded to the intent that by virtue of these presents and of the Statute for transferring uses into possession JOHN ROY may be in the actuall possession of the premises and be enabled to accept a release of the inheritance thereof to him and his heirs, In Witness whereof I have hereunto sett my hand and seal the day and year first above written
      Signed sealed and delivered in presence of us
      JOHN CHEW SAMUELL LOYDE
      the mark of WILLIAM LOGAN
      RICHARD BAYLEY
      WILLIAM JOHNSON
      At a court held for Spotsylvania County on Tuesday the Second day of November 1725 SAMIJELL LOYDE's Deed of Lease for Land to JOHN ROY was proved by the Oaths of RICHARD BAYLEY and WILLIAM JOHNSON and at the motion of
      the said RICHARD BAYLEY in behalf of the said JOHN ROY the same was admitted to Record Test JOHN WALLER, Clk Cur
      KNOW ALL MEN by these presents that I SARAH LOYDE, Wife of SAMUELL LOYDE, of the Parish of Saint George in County of Spotsylvania in consideration of five shillings to me in hand paid by JOHN ROY of the Parish of Saint Mary in County of ESSEX do release and absolutely acquitt all my right and title of Dower to one hundred twenty and one acres of land lying in the Parish and County aforesaid sold and conveyed by my Husband to JOHN ROY by Deed of Sale bearing equal' date with these presents as may more fully appear. I do hereby authorize and impower Collo JOHN WALLER my true and lawfull Attorney to acknowledge the same in the Court held for Spotsylvania County dated this thirtieth day of October one thousand seven hundred twenty and five, Witness my hand and seal
      Signed sealed and delivered in presence of us
      RICHARD BAYLEY SARAH LOYD
      WILLIAM JOHNSON
      At a Court held for Spotsylvania County on Tuesday the second day of November 1725 The above Power of Attorney to JOHN WALLER being first proved by the Oaths of RICHARD BAYLEY and WILLIAM JOHNSON, the said WALLER acknow-edged the said SARAH LOYDE's right of Dower of the said Lease and Release to JOHN ROY and at the said RICHARD BAYLEY's motion in behalf of the said ROY the same is admitted to Record
      Test JOHN WALLER, Clk Cur
      ===
      1731-1734 Spotsylvania County, Virginia Deed Book B; [William Armstrong Crozier];
      Feby. 5, 1733. John Roy of St. Mary's Par., Caroline Co., to Robert Hucherson of St. Geo. Par., Spts. Co. £10 ster., 121 a. (part of a pat. granted Larkin Chew June 4, 1722) in St. Geo. Par., Spts. Co. Jonath. Gibson, M. Battaley, Z. Lewis, Larkin Chew. Feby. 5, 1733-4. Dorothy, wife of John Roy, acknowledged her dower, etc.

      ===
      Contributed by: James Hughes

      John Roy
      Date: Nov 1, 1725
      Location: Essex County, Virginia
      Record ID: 43208
      Occupation: Planter
      Description: Grantee
      Book-Page: A
      Property: 121 a. of land in St. Geo. Par., Spts. Co.
      Remarks: Samuel Loyd of St. Geo. Par., Spts. County, planter, to John Roy of St. Mary's Parish, Essex County, planter. £12 curr., 121 a. of land in St. Geo. Par., Spts. Co. Rec. Nov. 2, 1725. Sarah Loyd, wife of Samuel Loyd, in consideration of 5 shill., relinguished her dower to the above tract of land, to John Roy. Rec. Octr. 30, 1725.

      This land record was originally published in "Virginia County Records - Spotsylvania County, 1721-1800, Volume I" edited by William Armstrong Crozier.

      John Roy
      Date: Feb 5, 1733
      Location: Caroline County, Virginia
      Record ID: 43515
      Description: Grantor
      Book-Page: B
      Property: 121 a. in St. Geo., Par., Spts. Co.
      Remarks: John Roy of St. Mary's Par. Caroline County, to Robert Hucherson of St. Geo. Par., Spts. Co. £10 ster., 121 a. (part of a pat. granted Larkin Chew June 4, 1722) in St. Geo. Par., Spts. Co. Feby. 5, 1733-4. Dorothy, wife of John Roy, acknowledged her dower, etc.

      This land record was originally published in "Virginia County Records - Spotsylvania County, 1721-1800, Volume I" edited by William Armstrong Crozier.

      John Roy
      Date: Feb 5, 1733
      Location: Caroline County, Virginia
      Record ID: 43515
      Description: Grantor
      Book-Page: B
      Property: 121 a. in St. Geo., Par., Spts. Co.
      Remarks: John Roy of St. Mary's Par. Caroline County, to Robert Hucherson of St. Geo. Par., Spts. Co. £10 ster., 121 a. (part of a pat. granted Larkin Chew June 4, 1722) in St. Geo. Par., Spts. Co. Feby. 5, 1733-4. Dorothy, wife of John Roy, acknowledged her dower, etc.

      This land record was originally published in "Virginia County Records - Spotsylvania County, 1721-1800, Volume I" edited by William Armstrong Crozier.

      Password:
      James Hughes 2005-08-06 11:55:06
      Poe Family in Caroline County, Virginia

      Caroline County, Virginia Order Book 1732-1740. John Frederick Dorman, 1965.

      Benjamin ROW

      Page 32

      10 August 1732

      Acion on the case. Benjn. Row agt. John Roy. Jury find for the plaintiff pounds 15.17.4 current money damages. Thomas Carr jr., foreman.

      Mary Roe
      Benjamin Roe

      Page 117

      10 January 1733/4

      Action on the case. Mary Roe administratrix of Benjamin Roe agt. John Roy Gent. The plaintiff being dead, the suit abates.

      Petition. Mary Roe administratrix of Benjamin Roe agt. John Roy gent. The plaintiff being dead, the suit abates.
      ===
      Contributed by: James Hughes

      Zimmerman, Waters, and Allied Families, Page 23
      Note:
      (*)Jonathan Gibson was a member of the House of Burgesses, and also Sheriff of King George County, Virginia. "Session of 1736-40. Mr. Jonathan Gibson, declared unduly elected, was re-elected." Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 8, Page 248. He was also tobacco inspector of King George County, as shown by extracts from Henning, and according to the same authority, his tobacco warehouse, and presumably, home estate were on the Rappahannock River. "Ferry from Roy's warehouse landing over in Co. of Caroline, over the river, to Gibson's warehouse in said Co. of King George." Henning, Vol. 4, Page 438.

  • Sources 
    1. [S181] Roy.
      Virginia Genealogies along or near the Rappahannock River
      1607-1799 by John Otto Yurechko [1995]
      Family Line Publications
      Westminster, MD 21157

    2. [S182] Roy2.
      Warner, Charles Willard Hoskins,
      Hoskins of Virginia and related families : Hundley, Ware, Roy, Garnett, Waring, Bird, Buckner, Dunbar, Trible, Booker, Aylett, Carter, Upshaw Tappahannock, Virginia.: unknown, 1971, 503 pgs.

    3. [S80] Genealogies of Virginia Families Vol. III, from Tyler's Quarterly Historical and Genealogical Magazine, 144.

Research Links  Find John Roy at the following sites -