Early Colonial Settlers of Southern Maryland and Virginia's Northern Neck Counties

Thomas Allen

Male Abt 1610 - 1648  (~ 38 years)

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  • Name Thomas Allen 
    Born Abt 1610  England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 11 Aug 1648  St. Michael's Manor, St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Killed by Indians at Point Lookout Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I3337  Tree1
    Last Modified 4 Aug 2022 

    Family ID F2698  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

     1. Thomas Allen,   b. Abt 1630, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1663, Charles County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 34 years)  [natural]
     2. William Allen,   b. Abt 1631, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Aug 1671, Charles County, Maryland - probate Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 40 years)  [natural]
     3. Robert Allen,   b. Abt 1634, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1663, Charles County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 30 years)  [natural]
    Last Modified 4 Aug 2022 
    Family ID F2697  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Allen, Allin, Thomas, 3rd Apr., 1648; 11th Aug.; 1648.
      To 3 sons,, viz,,, Thomas, William and Robert, entire estate, real and personal, equally. In event of death of any, survivor or survivors to inherit deceaseds portion.
      Ex., old. son Thomas afsd.
      Overseers: John Hatch., Wm. Marshall,, Richard Banks. At discretion of sd. overseers, James Bruse of Accomack to have son Robert, and Philip Conner of Kent Island to have son William. Sd. sons to be brought up Protestants.
      Test: 1. 15,
      Court and Testamentary Business, Province of Maryland, 1648. Liber A, pp. 170-4.
      In the name of god Amen. I Thomas Allen in the prouince of MaryLand Planter for many good causes me thereto moue ing. being well in body, & in prfect health & memory thanks be to god for it, & praysed be his holy name.
      I doe make my last will & testamt
      ffirst I bequeath my Soule to god tht gaue it, trusting only in the meritts of Jesus Christ my Sweet Sauiour. Secondly I bequeath my Body to the grownd, whence it shall please Allmighty god to call it, trusting in a ioyfull & hopefull resur rection by Jesus Christ. Thirdly I doe make my sonne Thomas Allen, full & whole Exequutor of all my wordly goods: Thus far tht he doth admister uppon all tht is mine, for the use of him selfe, & his Brothers William Allen, & Robert Allen, & lett it bee, more or lesse. & I doe giue them share & share like. And if eyther of them should dye; Lett the other Two take all, Or if it please god, tht Two dye; Then the longest liuer take all. And because they are yowng, & tender of age I doe appoynt my louing ffreinds John Hatch (or in his absence Willm Marshall) & Richard Banks to bee Overseers of this my last will & Testamt And if it should soe please Allmigty god tht I should dye this summer, or this yeare: That my Man Conquerour may stay, & worke in the Crop. And tht an Inventory of all tht is mine, may be taken & secured by the Overseers Jno Hatch & Rich: Banks, to pay my debts, & the remayner for the good of my children according to their best discretion. Now for the disposall of my children I would not haue them to live wth any Papist. ffor my Eldest sonne Thomas, if hee please to live wth eyther of the Overseers of this will hee may during his pleasure. I know he will learne his victualls & cloaths: if not lett him take his course. And for the other Two I would not have them sold for slaves, or Morter-Boyes, but according to their best discretion I meane, of my very loving friends John Hatch & Richard Banks. I have an old friend at Accomack called James Bruse, I could wish that he had my sonne Robert, if he have none of his owne & that he would use him well, & nott sett him to the Mortar or eyther Armstrong ffoster. Phillip Conner of the Isle of Kent, did desyre once to haue my Sonne William, as his child, & soe he would use him. & I told him, if it pleased god to take me to his mercy I would leave him, to him, Soe I desyre you my freinds to use yor discretion in it. And for yor paines & labor in it, you may pay yor selfes, out of this estate. But I beseech you my friends, do your best for my children. And soe I conclude desyring god to bring us to (in his good time) ever lasting glory & mercy in Jesus Christ our Saviour. Now to him be thanks both now & evermore. Amen. The words him, his, & god was enterlyned before the Signing & Setting to of my hand. Now in wittnes of the truth I haue sett my hand this Twenty third day of Aprill. Annos Dom 1648
      Signed Thomas Allen.
      on the backside of the will
      I desyre that & if I should sodenly dye, & the cause how, should not be directly knowne how, or where, or when. That there bee speedy Enquiry made, how & where, & what was the cause. And if it be not directly fownd tht then I would have Nick: & Marks att Pyney-neck, Irish-men, questioned as suspitious persons: for reasons to mee best knowne. This more I desyre of you my friends John Hatch, & Richard Banks, & soe likewise of you my Sonnes Thomas, William, & Robert Allen. This is my desyre. Wittnes my hand this Twenty third of Aprill Ano Dni 1648. Signd Thomas Allen.
      (Archives of Maryland, Vol. IV, pp. 403-4)
      Editors: Thomas Allen was killed by Indians and two of his children kidnapped. See also The Ark and the Dove
      August. 8 [1648]. Court and Testamentary Business, Province of Maryland, 1648. Liber A, pp. 170-1.
      Warrant to George Manners to Impanel a Jury of 12 freemen to make Enquiry of the death of Tho: Allen fowned dead, upon the sands by Poynt Looke out, in St Michaells mannor in the pro: of Mary-Land & to make a true returne thereof, into the Registers office, wth all possible conueniency.
      Warrt returned in writing as followeth.
      August. 9 A Jury impanneld uppon the dead Corps of Tho: Allen untimely deceased, & Verdict thereon deliuered as followeth.
      I Edward Cottom, being foreman of the Jury, giue Verdict for the whole as followeth That the sd Tho: Allen was shott under the right shoulder, & hath three holes, but whether wth shott or Arrowes they know not. His Corps is soe eat & consumed.
      And likewise tht a great peice of his scull is broken & taken away; & the skin of his scull is flayed of, quite rownd his head.
      Edward Cottam John Lewger John Harwood
      Willm Edwin Edw: Hull Lewis ffreeman
      Odoan James Humphrey Howell Rich: Willan
      Angel Simpson John Cage George Dolte
      (Archives of Maryland, Vol. IV, pp. 403-4)
      August 11. Whereas this day Jno Hatch, Rich: Banks, & Willm Marshall, ouerseers of the last will & testamt of Tho: Allen deceased, have brought into the Registers office, the sayd last will & testamt of the sd Tho: Allen. And whereas there is no prnt power to graunt lres of admistraon. It is therfore Ordered by the Govr that the sd Mr Hatch Rich: Banks, & Willm Marshall shall receive & collect the estate, which otherwise would fall to ruine, & cause it to be appraysed by the oaths of Walter Beane, Walter Waterlin, & Robert Smith, & bring into the Registers office, a true & prfect Inuentory of the estate, with the appraysmt thereof, within Ten days, and the allowance or Accompt thereof, whensoever they shall be thereunto called, by the Judge of Testamentary Causes, in this prouince.
      Copie eiusd. to Jno Hatch.
      Jno Hatch. Rich: Banks, & Willm Marshall sworne by the Govr according to the Tenure of the order abouesd
      Know all men by these prnts tht wee Jo: Hatch, Rich: Banks & Willm Marshall doe hereby firmely bind ourselves or heyres, & assignes to pay, or cause to be payd, unto the sd Cecill Baltemore Propr of this pro: his heyres or assignes the full summe, or quanty of Ten Thousand pound weight of good & marketable leafe Tob: & cask.
      The Condition of this obligation such, that if the within bownd Jno Hatch, Rich: Banks, & Willm Marshall shall give a just, true, & faythfull accompt of the estate of Tho: Allen deceased whensoeur they shall be thereunto called by the Judge of Testa mentary causes of this pro: tht then this prnt obligaon to be uoyd, or ells to stand in full force. Wittnes Or hands Sig. John Hatch
      Recognez Coram Govr Rich: Banks
      Willm Marshall
      August 17th Walter Beane sworne by the Govr Walter Waterlin & Robert Smith sworne by George Saugheir (being authorized thereunto by writt from the Gour) to make a true apprasmt of all such goods, as shall be brought unto them by Jno Hatch, Rich: Banks, & Wm Marshall, belonging to Tho: Allen late deceased.
      August. 18th A True Inuentory of the Estate of Tho: Allen deceased, & appraysed by the oaths of Walter Beane, Robert Smith, & Walter Waterlin
      18th Aug. 1648.
      Impr One Man servant having 4 months to serve with 8 the Crop of Tob:
      1 It. one small fether bed Wth a canuise ticking, one)
      feather pillow one white Rug, one deare skin wth 0300 feathers in it
      Two old weeding hooes,
      Two old hilling hooes
      one old Dutch Spade
      One little old frying pan,
      One hand- 6 Saw,
      one drawing knife
      one ades,
      one Auger,
      one froe, 01 0
      one iron Pestle,
      300 6d nailes
      one old narrow axe
      One iron pott, & one old Brasse Kettle 0100
      Two single Ankers, one dowble anker & a payle 0030
      One powdring Tub,
      one Table, on Tray, & 2 old boules 01 20
      One Long gun & shott-bagge 0260
      one old chest, & a matt 0030
      Three pecks of Salt 0020
      Two Sowes & 13 piggs 0550
      Ten henns & 3 cocks 0070
      One ffeather-bed wth an old ticking 0150
      one other feather bed, one feather
      boulster, one feather pillow & curtaines belonging to it 0500
      Six pewter dishes, one pewter Cup, one pewter Salt, one pewter pinte pott, a quart pott, an old chamber
      pott, 0120
      1 1 pewter spoones, one old poringer, an old peice of a cup One iron-pott, & a little brasse Kettle 0100
      one brasse Kettle, one payre of Tones, one brasse candlestick, & a parcell of old iron One shirt, & one Apron 0100
      3 yards & 3 quarters of broad cloath 0140
      one Smoothing-iron 0015
      one Neck-cloath, one old p Breaches & a parcell of line 0060
      one payre Shott-molds, & pr Tob: Towngs 0018
      3 Bookes 0060
      one Small gun 0100
      one chest & a Box 0080
      13 deare Skins 0100
      1648.one earthen pott 0010
      His marke & 7 barrells Corne one Small Boate 0300l
      3 November 1648 Appraysed by Robert Kedger and Wm. Smoote
      August. 22th Leiut Rich: Banks having appreheaded 5 Patuxent Indians, upon suspition of felony, & bringing them afore the Gouernor to answere the same. The Govr committed them to the Sheriufe to be kept in safe custody, untill conuenient time for their tryall.
      (Archives of Maryland, Vol. IV, pp. 403-4)

      Liber A, Assembly Proceedings, April 1650
      An Order concerning the charge of redeeming the two Children of Thomas Allen deceased.
      Upon the Reference from the Provinciall Court concerning the charge of redeeming Thomas Allens two Children from the Indians whether to bee allowed in the Administrators or Overseers Accompt or not, the Testators estate not being sufficient as is alleadged to defray that charge and to pay all due debts, and the publick charge this yeare being like to bee very great and burthensome It is thought fitt and soe ordered by this prsent Generall Assembly That the said two children shall serve any of the said Administrators or Overseers or any other Inhabitant or Inhabitants of this Province till they attaine to theire severall ages of 21ty yeares As the Provinciall Court shall thinke fitt, Such Inhabitant or Inhabitants bearing or paying the said charg of theire Redempcon being 1,500 of Tob: & Caske viz: for the eldest 900. and for the yongest 600 And at the expiracon of theire time of service paying to each of them respectively a Cowe and a Cowe Calfe, 3 barrells of Corne and necessary clothing, But in case any of the said Administrators or overseers on other Inhabitants aforesaid (to bee approved of by the Provinciall Count) that will beare or pay the said charg of redempcon in manner aforesaid respectively, shalbe willing to take them or either of them bound for lesser time alloweing them as aforesaid, or lett them goe free. Hee that will deale most favourably and charitably with the said children or either of them herein and acquaint the said Court therewith before they shalbe bound to any other shalbe first prferred. And this Assembly doth further declare that they thinke fitt that Georg Manners be allowed 200l of Tob: and Caske for his Corroners ffee and other paynes menconed in the Administrators Accompt.
      Ordered Vt Supa. Assented Vt Supa.
      (Archives of Maryland, Vol. I, Page 297)

      Court and Testamentary Business, Province of Maryland, Liber A, 1649-50 28 dec [1649] Robert Allen sonne of Tho: Allen dec. his marke for Cattell and Hoggs Viz: both Eares slitt and the vndersides cropt offe

      27 dec. [1649] 27 May 1650. According to the liberty and direccon of an order made the last Assembly concerning the charge of redeeming the children of Tho: Allen deceased Willm Marshall this day doth undertake at the next Cropp to pay the 600 # of Tob: and Caske for redempcon of Robert Allen the yonger of the said two Children, and hath deposited a Bill of 300# of Tob: and Caske payable the tenth of November next to him the said Willm Marshall from Walter Waterling in Mr Secretaries hands, in part of paymt And the said Child to bee at liberty to live with him the said Marshall or any other whom the said Child shall best like of without any Tye or restraint of servitude Witnes his hand
      T'estor Tho: Hatton W x Marshall
      (Archives of Maryland, Vol. 10, 1649-50,

      Court and Testamentary Business, Province of Maryland, 1649-50, Liber A, Page 354,
      15th Sept 1650 Lt Richard Banks freely ingageth himself to satisfy the 900# of Tob: and Caske for the redempcon of Thomas the sonne of Thomas Allen deceased according to the order of Assembly for that purpose without any consideracon of servitude or any other consideracon whatsoever but his free love and affecconwitnes his hand the day and yeare aboue said Richard Banckes
      Testet Tho: Hatton Barnaby Jackson
      (Archives of Maryland, Vol. 10, 1649-50, Page 31)
      Abstracts of Charles County Maryland Court and Land Records, Volume II 1665-1695
      Liber F, page 184
      (undated); deed from William Marshall, planter, to Robert Clarke and John Clarke , sons of Robert Clarke; for 5,000# tobacco; a parcel of land sold to me by Walter Beane; /s/ William Marshall; wit. Daniel Johnson, and John Small.

      Page 170 of book of Charles County Court and Land Records, Volume III
      Liber H #2, Page 284
      23 Sep 1719; Recorded at request of Capt. John Fendall, Gent.:

      5 Sep 1662; from William Marshall, planter, for 5, 000 # of Tobaco; a parcel sold by Walter Beane to Robert Clark and John Clark s/o sd. Robert Clark; paying rent to Walter Beane; /s/ William Marshall (mark); wit. Daniel Johnson, John Small
      Provincial Court Proceedings, 1658. Liber P. C. R. page 122
      Re Estate of Allen
      This 13th of Decembr 1656.
      Wee the Ouerseers of the Estate of Thomas Allen Deceased, wth the consent of Thomas & Willm Allen the Sonnes & Heyres of the aforesd Thomas Allen, haue Sold unto Henry Potter all the parcell of Land, wch was formerly Thomas Allens the elder, Lying in St Michaels hundd in the Prouince of Maryland. And further Wee the sd Thomas & Willm Allen doe sell & make ouer all Our Rights, Tytle & interest of all tht Land, Plantaon, howsing whatsoeuer belonging unto or ffather Thomas Allen for euer, unto the sd Henry Potter, his heyres, Exequutors, & Admistrators foreuer. And is for a Certaine summe of Tob, wch wee the sayd Thomas Allen, & Willm Allen haue the greatest part in hand receiued, And for the true performance wee haue hereunto sett Our hands.
      Deliuered in the pence of Vs Tho: T Allen Willm M Allen John Hatch Richard Banks Willm A Marshall
      January 28th 1657.
      I doe acknowledge to haue receaued of Henry Potter, the summe of Two Thousand, Two hundred Thirty fiue pownds of Tob. & Cask in full satisfaction for tht parcell of Land, belonging to me Thomas Allen, & Willm Allen my Brother, Lying & being in St Michaels hundd otherwise called the Lower end of the Towne, ffor wch summe of Tob. I doe quite all claimes & interests, rights & tytles whatsoeue in the same about the sayd Land. In wittnes whereof I haue hereunto sett my hand the day aboue dated.
      In the pence of Thomas T Allen
      R Wiseman Tho. Wynne
      Contributed by: James Hughes
      An order was passed by the Assembly for the ransom of Thos. Allen's two children; and they were required to serve the persons who might advance the money. But on "the 15th of September, 1650, lieutenant" (subsequently captain) "Banks freely engageth himself to satisfy the 900 pounds of tobacco and cask, for the redemption of Thomas, the son of Thos. Allen, deceased; according to the order of the Assembly for that purpose; without any consideration of servitude, or any other consideration whatever, but his free love, and affection. Witness his hand y{e} day and year abovesaid. Richard Banks." See the Assembly's Order (Lib. No. 3, Page 42-43) for the payment to the Indians; and Capt Bank's Engagement, Lib. No. 3, Page 26.

      Davis, George Lynn-Lachlan.
      The day-star of American freedom, or, The birth and early growth of toleration in the province of Maryland : with a sketch of the colonization upon the Chesapeake and its tributaries, preceding the removal of the government from St. Mary's to Annapolis : and a glimpse of the numbers and general state of society, of the religion and legislation, of the life and manners of the men who worshipped the wilderness at the first rude altar of liberty
      New York: C. Scribner, 1855, 290 pgs.
      James Hughes 2006-01-26 15:39:34
      Inhabitants of Kent County, MD, 1642
      [5 September 1642]
      James, Henry, 2jth Apr., 1645; 23rd Sept., 1646.
      To Thomas Yewell, house and plantation.
      To Thomas Allen for benefit of testator's goddau. [unnamed) personalty.
      Robert Sedgrave, residnary legatee and joint ex. with Thomas
      Yewell afsd.
      Test: Matthew Rodan, Isaac Edwards. 1. 33.
      1650-1652 Northumberland County, Virginia Deed & Order Book; [Antient Press]; Page 42
      Att a Court houlden att CHICKECON the 10 January 1651
      Upon THOMAS YOULLEs peticon, the Court doth order that THO YOULL shall take into his Custodye & have the keepinge of the Estate of the Children of THOMAS ALLIN until further order; he the said THOMAS YOULL giveing an account to the Court of the increase of the said Cattle according to Act of Assembly and he putting in Security to the Court
      1652-1657 Northumberland County, Virginia Order Book, Part 1; [Antient Press]; Page 18
      Northumberland County Court 20th of January 1652/53
      - Whereas it doth appeare unto the Court that the Estate of THOMAS ALLEN, deced:, is indebted unto Mr. NATHANIEL POPE Ten pounds of Beaver by Bill, the Court doth ordr tht THOMAS YOULL shall make pr:sent paymt of the saide Debt unto the saide Mr, POPE out of the Estate of the saide ALLEN as his share or part of the saide Bill

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