Early Colonial Settlers of Southern Maryland and Virginia's Northern Neck Counties

Gerrard Buckner

Male 1630 - 1663  (~ 43 years)

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  • Name Gerrard Buckner 
    Birth Between 1620 and 1630  Dromore, County Donegal, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Death 25 May 1663  London, Middlesex, England - probate Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I62063  Tree1
    Last Modified 22 Apr 2024 

    Father Virginia Buckner 
    Relationship natural 
    Family ID F16299  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • === Research Notes by Ben Buckner

      Gerard (or Garrott) Bucknor was probably born in the 1620s or 1630s. His father was identified as John Bucknor of Dromore in a 1642 indenture by his godfather Garrott FitzGerrald.

      The council book of the Corporation of Youghal: from 1610 to 1659, from 1666 to 1687, and from 1690 to 1800

      http://books.google.com.sa/books?id=RAYwAAAAMAAJ&lpg=PA199&ots=bdnv0fHdcK& dq=john+bucknor+youghall&pg=PA200&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22garrott%20buc knor%22&f=false
      Contributed by Kay Schmidt

      Will of Gerrard Buckner (courtesy of Ben Buckner)
      Ben Buckner’s website at http://www.buckbd.com/genea/gbucknorwill.html

      Gerard's will was proved in London where he died and indicates he had no children.

      This is the transcribed will of Gerrard Bucknor merchant taylor of London, 1662 (UK Public Record Office Catalogue Ref:Prob/11/309)

      Gerrard Bucknor was the son of John Buckner of Dromore Ireland and not related to the other Buckners listed under the generic "Virginia Buckner" ancestor heading

      One interesting thing to observe is that he says he's in perfect health in April and is dead in September. It makes you wonder why he was writing a will if his health was so good. Did he expect to meet an untimely end by some other circumstance? He was apparently not much older than 30, if that. His executors noted that he "died suddenly and left a troublesome estate" according to a letter they sent to the court of Accomack County, VA in 1664. (J.R. McKey, Accomack County, Virginia, Court Order Abstracts HeritageBooks, (1996), Vol. 1, p. 103).

      Gerrard is notable for being one of the earliest Buckners to have documented business interests in Virginia (William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine, Vol. 3, No. 1. (Jul., 1874), Page 13-18). It's unclear whether he personally went there, but there are extensive records of the proceedings of his estate in Accomack Co., VA (see McKey, p.1 ff.), and Thomas Buckner and Ralph Allen, his executors, seem to have carried on business on the Eastern Shore of Virginia as well, though this was perhaps only in the context of executing the estate. They seem to have conducted the affairs through their attorneys, and Col. Edmund Scarburgh claimed never to have heard of Gerrard Buckner before the arrival of the ship Vincent with Buckner's goods, "Buckner dying before its departure." (McKey, p. 110). According to Scarburgh, Gerrard Buckner and Thomas Webb had appropriated Scarburgh's tobacco from the Golden Faulcon in London on false pretexts and sold it at a low price to an alleged confederate of theirs, one Mr. Bogs. The Vincent carried Buckner's shipment to Virginia, despite his decease, and when it arrived, the goods were apparently subject to numerous claims.

      This is a sketch of the family relationships going back to Thomas Buckner, of Whitley, Berkshire, England (to the best of my knowledge as of this writing):

      I've tried to preserved the line arrangement so anyone who wants can compare this to the original image. I don't claim perfection, and there are some things that can be interpreted different ways. The notation {ER} and such indicates a superscript abbreviation. These are common in period documents, though sometimes they can be a little idiosyncratic.

      Date of will: 17 Apr 1662 in London

      Probate: 13 Sep 1662 in London

      People named in the will:

      sister Mary (probably Mary Bucknor Dalton)
      Esq. Fitzgerald, (it's tempting to speculate that this is a relative of Gerald/Garrot Fitzgerald, Gerrard's godfather and namesake - perhaps John Fitzgerald, his son and heir))
      mother and her family
      deceased father (probably John of Dromore)
      brother John (probably John of Limerick)
      brother John's eldest son (probably also John)
      unnamed sisters
      unnamed brothers (I think this includes William and Thomas of Dublin, perhaps Humphrey as well)
      "eldest brother" (received clock) - must be John or unnamed, probably Thomas since William was younger
      aunt Frances Nedham
      cousin Mary Nedham
      cousin Anne Nedham
      Leonard Bucknor (prob. cousin, merchant, son of Leonard Buckner Sr.)
      William Bucknor (prob. cousin, apothecary, son of Leonard Buckner Sr.)
      Thomas Bucknor of the post office (prob. cousin, son of Leonard Buckner Sr.)
      Ralph Allen of London merchant, apparently a distant cousin of some sort friend Thomas Wimberly
      friend John Rigby
      former master Thomas Mallory and wife (a Thomas Malory was a warden of the merchant taylors guild in 1670)
      Humphrey? Kilbey and wife (perhaps a glass seller of London)
      John Johnson
      Anthony Wingfield
      John Boyes
      Thomas Greene
      Richard Hill
      Francis More
      Richard Eades

      In the name of God Amen I, Gerrard Bucknor of London, Marchant and taylor being in perfect health & memory (blessed bee God) and sensible of human frailty and mortality having regard unto a sacred precept to sett our house in order, doo by these presents desire to signifie to the world in generall and the conserned (hereafter mentioned) in particular, this writing

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      Of my own hand to be my last will and Testament renouncing all former acts or words leading or induceinge any person in the world to beleive anything contrary to these presents,
      First I declare (though I have lived a life of sinn) that I have lived in the faith and doctrine of the Catholick protestant Church of England in the Discipline of Episcopacy) which governance in the church God confirmed as long as the Sunn and Moon edureth;
      2 I committ my Soule to God that gave it mee in afull and assured hopes (through the plenary satisfaction of my blessed Saviours death and passion upon the Cross for my sinns) to live in glory forever
      3 I committ my body (a corrupt and earthy Substance) to the grave which together wth. my Soule, by God's Allmighty power belived? shall appeare in incorruptible substance att the day of Judegement, and through faith in Christ my redeemer to enjoy that bliss which my penn cannott expresse; & I Freely forgive all the world all the injuries and wrongs that ever I sustained from them, directly or indirectly and begg of God to forgive them also
      5. I begg of all the world a forgiveness of any injury or wrong that I have done them willfully or ignorantly which I have also beg'd of god in my Quotidian prayer 6 For the dispose and distribution of my temporall estate which God hath imbued within this world, itt is first my desire that my Executors who shall be hereafter mentioned will take care to pay all my Debts with as much speed as may bee
      7 If I should to dye in England or Holland that my executors take care that I may bee decently buryed and that those funeral charges be first discharged before any Legacy hereafter mentioned, & I give unto my mother tenn pounds already paid her by Esq{e} Fitzgerald and sixe pounds in money and a mourning Ring of tenn shillings,
      Item I give unto my Sister Mary Bucknor the portion and estates that my father left mee in his will to be paid by my mother and my Bro{ther} Jno. and tenn pounds in money for a mourninge Gowne and Ring of 10 s.
      Item I give unto the eldest sonne of my Bro{ther} Jno. to be paid to the
      father within tweleve mo{s} after my decease,
      Item I give unto every brother and sister I have besides that are not mentioned 4�0s0d and Rings of tenn shillings 0s0d
      9 I give unto my honored Aunt Frances Nedham tenn pounds for a mourninge Gowne and a Ring of 10 s.and if she chance to dye before me however to be pd. toward her funeral charges,,
      Item I give unto Ann Needham her eldest daughter one hundred pounds to be carefully paid her att 12 mos. after my decease and tenn pounds for mourninge Gowne and a Ring of 20 s.
      Item I give unto Mary Nedham her Sister fifty pounds to be paid as aforesaid sixe pounds for a mourninge Gowne and a Ring of tenn s.
      10 I give unto my loving frriends by name Thomas Wimberly of London Marcht. and Jno. Rigbey of Londo. Marchant-taylor each of them a Ring of Twenty shillings a peece, Item I give unto John Johnson Anthony Wingfeild Jno. Boyes, Tho. Greene each of them a Ring of tenn s.
      Item I gve unto Richard Hill, Fra. More Lenard and Wm. Bucknor each of them a Ring of 10 s.
      Item I give unto my Master Tho. Mallory and his wife and Hum: Kilbey and his wife each of them a Ring of 20 s. ?? And for the inst[?] and honest performance of the p{ro}misses I doo hereby appoint, request, ordeyne and constitute my lovinge freinds and kinsmen Ralph Allen of Londo. Marchant and Thomas Bucknor of the post office London Gent to be my lawfull executors and impower them to receive and pay my debts possess themselves of all my Bookes of Accompts, writings and goods whatsoever whereby to advantage their true inspection into my estate, and accordingly to accomplish itt, and for their pains and fidelity herein I give them 10 L apeece and each of them a Ring of 20 s, And incase any person mentioned herein shall not live to enjoy the said Largesse then I give and bequeath them all unto Ann Nedham incase she shall survive and to her heirs forever, and whatsoevermore my

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      Estate thus divided shall be advanced to more; I will and bequeath the 1/3 to my Mother and her family equally divided, and Third to Anne and Mary Nedham the other Third to my Executors And for my Garments, Lynnen, Wardingclothes and Utensills together with all manner of Household goods remayneinge and being in the House situate in Bush Lane. I leave them to the sake and dispose & distribution of my aunt Nedham excepting only a Clocke in an Ebony frame to my oldest Brother, and the Herball Books unto sd. Tho. Bucknor, In my first Article of funerall charge; I have proportioned fifty pounds besides any Legacy formourning, Item I give and bequeath unto Richard Eades my Ring wth. an Amathist in itt and five pounds in mony for a Beaver Hatt to whom I comend the Registering of my will, Dated in Londo. the seventeenth day of April one thousand six hundred sixty two [17 Apr 1662].

      Probatum fuit testamentum suprascriptum apud London coram ven[erabil]li viro Jacobo Master legum doctore Surro[gato] ven[erabil]is viri Ino. Guilielmi Mericke? militis legum etiam Doctoris Curiae prerogativae Cantuariensis magistri Custodis legitime constituti decimo tertio die mensis Septembris anno dom. millesimo sexcentesimo sexagesimo secundo [13 Sep 1662] Iuramentis Radulphi Allen et Thomas Bucknor executorum dicti defuncti in eodem testamento ? quibus comissa fuit adminisitracio omnium et singulorum bonorum jurium et creditorum dicti defuncti de bene et fideliter administrando eadem ad sancta
      dei evangelia jurat [= probated 13 Sep 1662- nothing else particular interesting]

      Title Buckner, Gerrard.
      Publication Area 1663.
      General Note Part of index to Accomack County Wills and Administrations (1663-1800)
      Local Note p. 44. Accounts rec. 14 Feb. 1666.
      Local Note Deeds & Wills, 1664-1671 (Reel 1)
      Subject-Name Buckner, Gerrard.
      Subject-Geographic Accomack County (Va.)
      Title Buckner, Gerrard.
      Publication 1663.
      Gen. note Part of index to Accomack County Wills and Administrations (1663-1800)
      Note p. 12-13. Accounts rec. 25 May 1663.
      p. 59-61. Accounts rec. 17 Dec. 1663.
      Note Deeds & Wills, 1663-1666 (Reel 1)

Research Links  Find Gerrard Buckner at the following sites -