Early Colonial Settlers of Southern Maryland and Virginia's Northern Neck Counties

John Robinson

Male 1683 - 1749  (66 years)


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  • Name John Robinson  [1, 2, 3
    Birth 1683  Christ Church Parish, Middlesex County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Death 24 Aug 1749  Piscataqua, Essex County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I68072  Tree1
    Last Modified 5 Apr 2024 

    Father Christopher Robinson,   b. 1645, Cleasby, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 13 Feb 1693, Hedwick, Christ Church Parish, Middlesex County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 48 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother Agatha Obert,   b. Abt 1649, Lancaster (Middlesex) County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 25 Jan 1686, Middlesex County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location (Age ~ 37 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Marriage Abt 1665  Lancaster (Middlesex) County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F31117  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Catherine Beverley,   b. Abt 1684, Gloucester County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this locationd. Bef 1730, Essex County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location (Age ~ 45 years) 
    Marriage Abt 1701  Middlesex County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Christopher Robinson,   b. 1 Jul 1703, Hedwick, Christ Church Parish, Middlesex County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 20 Apr 1738, Hedwick, Christ Church Parish, Middlesex County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 34 years)  [Father: natural]
     2. John Robinson,   b. 1704, Christ Church Parish, Middlesex County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 11 May 1766, Pleasant Hill, Stratton Major Parish, King & Queen County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 62 years)  [Father: natural]
     3. Mary Robinson,   b. 3 Jan 1707, Middlesex County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  [Father: natural]
     4. William Robinson,   b. 25 Mar 1709, Christ Church Parish, Middlesex County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 13 May 1792, St. George's Parish, Spotsylvania County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 83 years)  [Father: natural]
     5. Robert Robinson,   b. 20 Oct 1711, Christ Church Parish, Middlesex County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  [Father: natural]
     6. Catherine Robinson,   b. 23 Feb 1715, Middlesex County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this locationd. Aft 1787, Fairfax County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location (Age > 73 years)  [Father: natural]
     7. Henry Robinson,   b. 7 Apr 1718, Christ Church Parish, Middlesex County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this locationd. Between 1756 and 1759, Hanover County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 37 years)  [Father: natural]
     8. Beverley Robinson,   b. 1723, Christ Church Parish, Middlesex County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 1793, Thornsbury, Bath, England Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 70 years)  [Father: natural]
    Family ID F24988  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 5 Apr 2024 

    Family 2 Mary Bathurst,   b. Bef 1680, New Kent County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this locationd. Aft 1731, Piscataqua, Essex County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location (Age > 53 years) 
    Marriage Bef Dec 1730  South Farnham Parish, Essex County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F17686  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 5 Apr 2024 

  • Notes 
    • ===
      Essex County, Virginia Historical Society, Bulletin 26, May 1985
      Virginia Governors from Essex County
      by E. Lee Shepard *
      John Robinson (1683-1749)

      The most controversial aspect of the administration of John Robinson as deputy governor of Virginia revolves around the question of its very occurrence. Conflicting evidence and an unfortunate heritage of superficial analysis has nurtured one of those intriguing puzzles of Virginia's colonial history.
      John Robinson was born at "Hewick" in Middlesex county, the residence of his father, Christopher (1645-1693) and his wife Agatha Obert. Upon his death, Christopher Robinson bequeathed £50 to maintain his son at school in England, no doubt under the care of the boy's uncle, Dr. John Robinson, bishop of Bristol and London. When young John Robinson returned to Virginia, he apparently settled on a plantation in Middlesex County left to him by his father. Under the watchful care of his older brother Christopher (1681-1727), burgess and naval officer of the Rappahannock River, John commenced life as a Virginia planter and began to move in the polite circles of rural Virginia society. In 1706 he was elected to the vestry of Christ Church Parish, the same year of his appointment to the Middlesex commission of the peace. He, Christopher Robinson and Harry Beverley secured appointment later as trustees of the new town of Urbanna from the General Assembly. All these activities typified the young gentleman planter of Virginia and augured well for Robinson's own political future.
      The freeholders of Middlesex County sent Robinson to the House of Burgesses in 1710, where he joined his brother Christopher and rapidly came to the notice of Governor Alexander Spotswood. The governor liked what he saw. Within a few years he wrote to the Lords of Trade to recommend Robinson for a seat on the Council, the governor's powerful advisory body that functioned in executive, legislative and judicial capacities as a part of the colony's General Assembly. As Spotswood told the Bishop of London in the spring of 1713: Robinson's "qualifications for that trust, (I am perswaded,) are not inferior to any other in this Country. I should have been loath to loose [sic] him out of our House of Burgesses (where he has done remarkable service,) were it not to give him an opportunity of serving her Maj'tie in a more hon'ble Station . . ." Yet Spotswood's interest in the Middlesex planter went beyond the younger man's innate abilities. Most important in light of the governor's ongoing power struggle with the Blair-Burwell-Ludwell-Harrison clique, was Robinson's lack of familial connections with Spotswood's enemies. Whether Virginians truthfully "felt and dreaded" the "inconveniencys of too many Relations" in the Council, as Spotswood asserted, unquestionably men like Robinson saw in the conflict a unique opportunity for advancement under the governor's patronage. Though Robinson failed to secure appointment in 1713, Spotswood patiently bided his time and in the interlude granted Robinson the post of tobacco agent at Urbanna, a lucrative and influential office. Turmoil over the development of Urbanna reportedly led to the defeat of the Robinson brothers in the burgess elections of 1715.
      About 1701 John Robinson married Catherine Beverley, daughter of Major Robert Beverley of Middlesex County. The couple had seven children, including John (1704-1766), speaker of the House of Burgesses and treasurer of the colony. In the summer of 1726 Catherine Robinson died and shortly thereafter her husband seems to have left Middlesex. A marriage settlement with his second wife in 1731 places Robinson at the time in Spotsylvania County. His new wife was Lady Mary Bathurst of Essex County, daughter of Lancelot Bathurst of New Kent County and widow of both Francis Meriwether and Reuben Welch. Tradition holds that after their marriage the Robinsons lived at "Bathurst," Mrs. Robinson's estate on Piscataway Creek, until her death in 1738. (Interestingly, this was also the home of a later governor from Essex, George William Smith.) Robinson purchased his own estate on the Piscataway, called "Piscataqua," where his daughter Katherine married lawyer Peter Wagener in 1739.
      In 1720 Governor Spotswood renewed his appeal for the appointment of Robinson to the Virginia Council, this time successfully. The new councillor joined that body in May of 1721 and remained active until his death nearly two decades later. During that lengthy period of service, he took part in a number of important and controversial matters. In 1731 Robinson was selected by his fellow councillors to direct the preparation of a map of the colony "from the Sea to the utmost Extent thereof now inhabited," and was granted funds to accomplish the mission. From 1735 to 1746 he acted as one of the commissioners of the king in the sensitive negotiations to settle the boundaries of the Northern Neck Proprietary. Governor Sir William Gooch appointed him in 1744 to succeed John Carter in the powerful post of secretary of the colony until the king could designate a new officer. Meanwhile Robinson rose in seniority on the Council until he assumed the presidency of that body.
      Gooch, after a long and successful career as deputy governor, determined to return to England in 1749, announcing his intention in July of that year. While early nineteenth-century historians recognized that the governor did not leave the colony until a month later, some scholars have dated President Robinson's caretaker administration from mid-June 1749. Actually, Gooch and his family embarked in mid-August.
      The governor and his party went to Yorktown and were there seen off by a number of councillors, including John Robinson. "Contrary winds" detained the governor's vessel, keeping the ship within sight of land. In the meantime, Robinson took sick and died on August 24 at the house of Councillor William Nelson in Yorktown. No evidence exists to suggest that he ever took the oaths as deputy governor or ever exercised the duties of the office, as Gooch had never really been beyond reach. The governor landed, convened the council and proceeded to select another councillor to act as deputy governor. The elderly and enfeebled John Custis declined service and the post fell to Thomas Lee.
      Interestingly, the Maryland Gazette of 30 August 1749, in reporting the death of Robinson, identifies him as the councillor "upon whom devolved the Government during the absence of the Governor," phrasing its report in such manner as to assume that Robinson had indeed functioned as chief executive. Two months later the Gentlemen's Magazine of London, no doubt sharing with its readers a report received from Gooch himself, noticed the passing of "Hon. John Robinson, Esq.; president of the Council and deputy governor of Virginia. "

      *Mr. Shepard joined the staff of the Virginia Historical Society in Richmond in 1974, after completing graduate studies at the University of Virginia. He currently heads the Department of Archives and Manuscript Acquisitions. He has published articles and reviews in the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Journal of Southern History, and American Journal of Legal History.

      Robinson: Genealogies of Virginia Families from the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography (1981), V; R. A. Brock, ed., The Official Letters of Alexander Spotswood (1882-1885); Executive Journals of the Council of Colonial Virginia (1925-1945), II-V; Virginia Gazette (Williamsburg); D. Alan Williams, "The Phantom Governorship of John Robinson, Sr., 1749," Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, LXVIII (1960), 104-106.
      ===
      ===
      1704-1707 Essex County, Virginia Deed & Will Book 12, Part 2; [John Frederick Dorman]; Page 375
      11 March 1706 [1707] . Whereas severall laws have appointed and confirmed unto this Court fifty acres of land for a town and whereas Mr John Catlett, Richard Covington, William Tomlin and Thomas Meriwether or any two of us are by order of Essex County Court appointed feoffees in trust to make sale of the land, Wee John Catlett, Thomas Meriwether and Richard Covington grant to John Robinson of Essex County. For 170 pounds of tobacco one half acre or lot in the Burgh of Tappahannock number 6.
      Rent, one ounce of flax seed and two ounces of hemp seed.
      Richard Covington
      Wm. Tomlin
      Wit: Salvator Muscoe, Samll Thacker.
      11 March1706/7: Acknowledged.
      ===
      1724-1730 Spotsylvania County, Virginia Order Book - Colonial Militia; [William Armstrong Crozier]:
      Colonel John Robinson took the oath as Lieutenant of Spots. Co.. August 5, 1729. Page 331.)
      ===
      1728-1733 Essex County, Virginia Deed Book 19; [Antient Press]; Page 380-387
      THIS INDENTURE made the twelfth and thirteenth day of January in the year of our Lord God one thousand seven hundred and thirty two Between JOSEPH ANDERSON of the Parish of Southfarnham in County of Essex Planter of one part and JOHN ROBINSON of the Parrish of Southfarnham in County of Essex Esqr, of the other part Witnesseth that the sd JOSEPH ANDERSON for the sum of Thirty eight pounds Ten shillings of lawful! money of Virginia hath sold unto the sd JOHN ROBINSON in his actual possession now being of the plantation hereafter mentioned by virtue of Indenture for one year and of the statute for transferring uses into possession and to his heirs forever all that plantation or persell of land containing One hundred & thirty acres being in the Parrish of Southfarnham and County of Essex aforesd which was granted to sd JOSEPH ANDERSON by PATENT bearing date the twenty fourth day of February One thousand Seven hundred and thirty in the Fourth year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord GEORGE the Second and is bounded beginning at a Corner Hickory of this land and the land of Mr. CLAYTON & Capt. REUBEN WELCH and running thence along the sd WELCH's line South East to a Corner red Oak thence South West to a Corner white Oak of this land & the land of THOMAS CROW thence along the sd CROWs line North West to a red Oak on the upper side of a valley joining on the lands of FRANCIS MOORE thence along an irregular line of mark't trees which divides this and the land of OWEN OWINGS which if brought in a strait line will be North East to the beginning And all houses buildings timber & appurtenances whatsoever belonging and all the Estate right To Have and To Hold unto the sd JOHN ROBINSON his heirs and assigns forever, In Witness whereof the parties have set their hands and seals
      in presence of us FRANCIS SMITH, JOS: ANDERSON
      RICHARD JONES, CATHARINE ROBINSON
      At a Court held for Essex County at Tappa, on the XVIth day of January MDCCXX II JOSEPH ANDERSON acknowledged this his Release indented with the Receipt thereon endorsed to the Honble. JOHN ROBINSON Esqr. to be his act and deed which is admitted to record
      ===
      1728-1733 Essex County, Virginia Deed Book 19; [Antient Press]; Page 403-409
      THIS INDENTURE made the fifteenth and Sixteenth day of April in the Sixth year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord GEORGE the second and in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and thirty three Between RICHARD CORTHORN of the Parish of Southfarnham in County of Essex Planter of one part and the Honorable JOHN ROBINSON of the same Parish and County Esqr. of other part Witnesseth that for the sum of fifteen pounds Sterling to the said RICHARD CORTHORN in hand paid he doth hereby grant unto the said JOHN ROBINSON (in his actual possession now being by virtue of a Bargain and Sale for one year and by force of the Statute for transferring uses into possession) and to his heirs and assigns forever all that parcell of land containing Seventeen acres being upon the mouth of PISCATTAWAY CREEK in the Parish and County aforesaid Begining at a small white Oak at the head of BUSHES OLD SPRING BRANCH and runing then North East to a small hickory in the old field thence North East to a small red Oak by the head of the MYRTLE SWAMP and thence down the said Swamp according to the several meanders thereof to the begining the same being formerly purchased by him the said RICHARD CORTHORN of one RICHARD BUSH and granted to him by said RICHARD BUSH by Deed bearing date the Twenty ninth day of May in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and Six and all houses, buildings, waters and appurtenances whatsoever belonging and all the Estate right whatsoever To Have and To Hold unto the said JOHN ROBINSON his heirs and assigns forever. In Witness whereof the partys have set their hands and Seals
      in presence of EDW: BARRADALL, RICHARD CORTHORN
      W. BEVERLEY
      At a Court held for Essex County at Tappa. on the XVIIth day of April MDCCMIII RICHARD CORTHORN acknowledged this Release of land indented with the Receipt thereon endorsed to the Honble. JOHN ROBINSON Esqr. which is admitted to record
      KNOW ALL MEN by these presents that I RICHARD CORTHORN am held and firmly bound unto the Honorable JOHN ROBINSON in the sum of Thirty pounds Sterling dated the Sixteenth day of April in the Sixth year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord GEORGE the second & Anno Domini 1733
      THE CONDITION of this obligation is such that if the above bound RICHARD CORTHORN shall at all time truely observe all Covenants which on his part ought to be observed as expressed in Indenture that then this Obliglation to be void or otherwise to remain in force in presence of EDW. BARRADALL RICHARD CORTHORN
      W. BEVERLEY
      At a Court held for Essex County at Tappa. on the XVIlth day of Aprill MDCCXXXIII RICHARD CORTHORN acknowledged this bond to be his act and deed which is admitted to record
      ===
      1733-1735 Essex County, Virginia Deed Book 20, Part 1; [Antient Press]; Page 115-120
      THIS INDENTURE made the Twentieth and one and Twentieth day of May in the seventh year of the Reign of Lord George the second 1734 Between the Honorable JOHN ROBINSON of the parish of Southfarnham in County of Essex Esqr. of the one part and RICHARD BEALE of the same Planter Witnesseth that for the sum Twenty five pounds to sd John Robinson in hand paid he the said John Robinson hath granted unto the sd Richard Beale his heires (in his actual possession now being by virtue of a Bargain and Sale to him thereof made and the Statute for transferring uses into possession) all that parcel of land containing One hundred acres in the Parish of Southfarnham in the County of Essex and bounded beginning at a marked white oak Corner tree to the land of one JOHN MITCHELL and running thence by Mitchells land South East to a marked white oak standing by a branch called the Green Swamp thence West South West down a Swamp called the Beaver Dam Swamp to a marked white oak thence East to the beginning the same being lately purchased by the sd John Robinson of ELIAS DEJARNAT and ELIZABETH his Wife and together with other lands conveyed to the sd John Robinson by Indenture of Lease and Release bearing date the Fifteenth and Sixteenth dayes of April in the year 1733 . . . .
      In presence of WIL. ROBINSON, Joh: Robinson
      JOHN LEWIS
      At a Court continued and held for Essex County at Tappa on the XXIId day of May MDCCXXXIV The Honble John Robinson Esqr.. acknowledged this his Lease and Release
      indentured (together with the Receipt endorsed) which on the motion of the sd Richard Beale are recorded
      ===
      1733-1735 Essex County, Virginia Deed Book 20, Part 1; [Antient Press]; Page 186-187
      THIS INDENTURE made the Twenty third and Twenty fourth day of February in the year 1735 and in the Ninth year of our Sovereign Lord George the second Between ROBERT SMITH of the Parish of Tottenham High cross in the County of Middlesex Inn Holder and DANIEL WHEELER of the same place Yeoman of the first part, HENRY WELCH of the same place only Son & heir at Law of THOMAS WELCH late of the same place Gentleman deceased who was Brother and heir of REUBEN WELCH late of the Parish of South farnham in the County of Essex in Virginia Merchant deceased. PETER COOKE of Fleet Street London, Tinnman and MARY his Wife, one of the Daughters of the said Thomas Welch, RICHARD WHITCHER of the Parish of Saint Martin in the fields in the said County of Middlesex Perukemaker and ABIGAIL his Wife the other of the said Daughters of the said Thomas Welch and SARAH WELCH of Thames Street London Widow and Relict of ye sd Thomas Welch of the Second part, JOHN CLAYTON of Williamsburgh in Virginia aforesaid Esquire of the third part and JOHN ROBINSON of the said Parish of South farnham in the County of Essex in Virginia Esqure and MARY his Wife late the Widow and relict of the said Reuben Welch decd of the Fourth part.
      Whereas the said Thomas Welch in and by his Last Will and Testament in writing bearing date on or about the 27th day of December 1730 attested by three Witnesses after taking notice that by the death of the sd Reuben Welch his Brother there fell to him as his heir at law diverse lands of a considerable value together with a personall Estate the said Testator gave and devised the said reall and personall Estate to the said ROBERT SMITH and DANIEL WHEELER and the Survivor of them in TRUST for the said HENRY WELCH his son and the said MARY and ABIGAIL his two daughters to be paid them when and as often as any of the effects should come from the said Estate of right belonging to him in Virginia in manner following Vizt. To his said Son Henry Welch he gave and bequeathed one half of the said reall and personall Estate after it should be disposed of and the other half part thereof to his said two daughters Mary and Abigail to be equally divided between them share and share alike to be paid to each of them at the age of one and twenty years But the said Testator thereby declared his mind and will to be and he thereby gave and bequeathed to the said Sarah Welch his Wife one hundred pounds of lawfull money of Great Britaine to be paid and deducted out of the half part of the said Estate or Effects given to his said two Daughters or to that the like effect as in and by the said in part recited thereunto had (amongst diverse other bequests and devices therein contained) may more at large appear AND WHEREAS the said REUBEN WELCH at the time of his death was not only seized of the plantation lands and heritaments hereinafter mentioned to be granted and released But also of a tract and lease of land and plantation in the Parrish of Saint Martin in the County of HANNOVER in Virginia abovesaid coming by computation Three thousand Two hundred and Seventy three acres which last mentioned premises have been sold to THOMAS NELSON of YORK TOWN in the County of York in Virginia Merchant and by Indenture of Lease and Release the Lease bearing date the day next before and the Release the day of the date of these presents and made between the same granting parties as are partys to these presents of the first and second part and the said Thomas Nelson of the third part have been conveyed to and for the use of the said Thomas Nelson and his heirs. Now this Indenture witnesseth that for and in considertion of the Dower and third which the said MARY late Widow of the said Reuben Welch and now the wife of the said JOHN ROBINSON is intituled to in the said lands and Plantacons in the County of HANNOVER and of all and singular other the lands and Tenements whereof the said Reuben Welch was seized at the time of his death or any time during the Coverture between him and the said Mary Robinson and lien full discharges Recompences and Satisfaction in law- full money of Great Britain to each of them the said Robert Smith and Daniel Wheeler, Henry Welch, PETER COOK and MARY his Wife, RICHARD WHITCHER and ABIGAIL his Wife and the said SARAH WELCH in hand well and truly paid by the said JOHN CLAYTON hath granted at the nomination of the said John Robinson and Mary his Wife confirm unto the said John Clayton (in his actuall possession now being by force of the Statute for Transferring uses into possession) and to the heirs all that plantation tract of land in the Parish of Southfarnham in the County of Essex which was sold to the said Reuben Welch by WILLIAM SMITH by Indenture the 15th day of March 1724 and also all that Plantation and land in the Parish of South farnham in the County of Essex granted to Reuben Welch by WILLIAM TOURNEY by Indenture dated 21st day of Septe mber 1724 To hold to the uses and behoofes of the said John Robinson and Mary his Wife for and during the terme of their natural lives and the life of the Survivor or longest liver of them and immediately after the decea5c of them and from and after the decease of the said Mary Robinson then to be to the use and behoofe of the said John Robinson and his heirs and assigns forever and for no other use whatsoever ...
      In presence of CHAS. LOEFS, ROBT. SMITH DANIEL WHEELER
      JOSEPH STONE HENRY WELCH PETER COOK
      LANDON CARTER, RICHARD WHITCHER MARY COOK
      HENRY ARMISTEAD JNR. ABIGAIL WHITCHER SARAH WELCH
      ABRAHAM NICOLAS JUNR, JOHN ROBINSON MARY ROBINSON
      At a Court held for Essex County at Tappa XVth day of June MDCCXXXVI
      Charles Leofs. James Hopkins and Joseph Stone made oath that they did see (from Robert Smith to Sarah Welch) seal and deliver this Indenture as their act and deed and then John Robinson Esqr & Mary Robinson his Wife (the said Mary being first privately examined by MUNGO ROY Gent) did acknowledge this Indenture to be their act and deed and that they did Axcept the land therein mentioned in full of their dower in all the lands of Reuben Welch gent. decd which is ordered to be recorded.
      ===
      1734-1742 Spotsylvania County, Virginia Deed Book C; [William Armstrong Crozier];
      July 7, 1741. John Robinson, Esqr., of Essex Co., to William Robinson, Gent., of Spts. Co. £150 ster. 500 a. in the fork of the River, in St. Geo. Par., Spts. Co., part of a pat. granted sd. John Robinson, April 23, 1718, and known by the name of Clesby. Witness: Edmund Waller. July 7, 1741.

      ===
      1733-1735 Essex County, Virginia Deed Book 20, Part 1; [Antient Press]; Page 232-237
      ARTICLES OF AGREEMENT TRIPARTITE Indented had made concluded & agreed upon this Fifth day of January 1734 and in the Fifth year of the Reign of Lord George the Second between the Honourable JOHN ROBINSON of the County of SPOTSYLVANIA Esquire of the first part; MARY WELCH of the County of Essex Widow of the second part and WILLIAM DAINGERFIELD of the County of Essex aforesd Gent and THOMAS WRIGHT BELFIELD of the County of RICHMOND gent of the third part Whereas a marriage is intended to be shortly had between the sd John Robinson & the sd Mary Welch and Whereas the sd Mary Welch is possessed of Sixty five negroe Slaves and also of a considerable personal Estate in the value of Seven hundred pounds & upwards and the sd John Robinson in consideration of the advantage that will accrue to him by the said Marriage hath consented that the sd slaves shall be assigned over unto the sd William Daingerfield and Thomas Wright Belfield upon the trust and also that he the said John Robinson in case he shall happen to die before the sd Mary Welch shall by his Last Will & Testament or otherwise give unto her the said Mary Welch the full sum of Seven hundred pounds Currt. money at the Least.
      Now these presents witness that sd Mary Welch with the consent of the sd John Robinson for sum of Five shillings of lawfull money of Virginia paid by the sd William Daingerfield and Thomas Wright Belfield hath sold all those Severall slaves being Sixty five in number and set down in a Schedule or Inventory to hold unto them the sd Slaves together with their increase until the sd intended Marriage shall take effect for the sole proper use of the sd Mary Welch and from and after the Solemnization of the sd intended marriage then upon this special Trust that sd William Daingerfield and Thomas Wright Belfield & the Survivor of them shall permit the sd John Robinson to use and occupy the sd Slaves & their increase dureing the joynt lives of them the sd John Robinson and Mary Welch in case sd Mary Welch to survive for the sole use of sd Mary Welch her heirs & in case sd John Robinson shall happen to survive the sd Mary then in Trust to permit him to use the sd Slaves dureing the natural life of him the sd John Robinson & after his decease then to Forty of the sd Slaves and their icnrease such as the sd Mary Welch shall nominate (no withstanding her Coverture) shall by writing under her hand and seal executed in the presence of two or more credible witnesses or by her last Will &Testamt. and the residue of the Slaves and their increase for the sole use of sd John Robinson his heirs that in case the sd intended marriage shall take effect he the sd John Robinson shall not dispose or make Sale of any of the slaves and in case the sd Mary Welch happens to Survive him shall and will by his Last Will & Testamt secure unto her the sd Mary Welch the full sum of Seven hundred pounds Current money over and above the slaves . .
      The Schedule or Inventory referred to in the Articles of Agreemt. hereunto annexed containing an account of the names of the Sixty five slaves in the sd articles mentioned That is to say Twenty four men named as follows; Nineteen boys named as follows: (includes Guy apptce to THOS. DOZER, Tom Apptce to JOHN HUNT). Sixteen women named as follows; six girls named as follows . .
      In presence of FRANCIS SMITH, John Robinson
      EDWIN DAINGERFIELD; EDW: BARRADALL
      At a Court held for Essex County at Tappa on the XVIIIth day of February MDCCXXXIV The Honble John Robinson Esqr. acknowledged this Indenture to be his act & deed to record
      KNOW ALL MEN by these presents that We JOHN ROBINSON of the County of SPOTSYLVANIA Esquire and JOHN ROBINSON of the County of KING and QUEEN gent are bound unto WILLIAM DAINGERFIELD of the County of Essex gent. & THOMAS WRIGHT BELFIELD of the County of RICHMOND in the sum of two thousand pounds Sterling dated the fifth day of January 1731. The Condition of this Obligation is such that if John Robinson Esq hereafter truly observe all conditions expressed in Articles of Agreemt. Tripartite in all things according to the meaning of the sd Articles then this obligation to be void otherwise to remain.
      In presents of FRANCIS SMITH John Robinson
      EDWIN DAINGERFIELD; EDW: BARRADALL
      At a Court held for Essex County at Tappa on the XVIIIth day of February MDCCXXXIV The Honble John Robinson Esqr. acknowledged this Bond as his act and deed which is admitted to record.
      Articles of Agreement repeated Signed in the
      237- presence of FRANCIS SMITH, EDWIN DAINGER- MARY WELCH
      241 FIELD, EDWD. BARRADALL
      At a Court held for Essex County at Tappa on the XVIIIth day of February MDCCXXXIV Edward Barradall and Francis Smith gent made oath that they did see Mary Welch now Mary Robinson sign seal and deliver this Indenture as her act & deed which is admitted to record.
      ===
      1735-1738 Essex County, Virginia Deed Book 20, Part 2; [Antient Press]; Page 355-359
      THIS INDENTURE made the twentieth and twenty first day of February in the Eleventh year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord George the second in the year 1737 Between JOSEPH MANN of the Parish of Southfarnham in the County of Essex Planter of the one part and JOHN ROBINSON of the same Parish and County Esqr. Witnesseth that for sum Thirty five pounds current money to the said Joseph Mann paid he the said Joseph Mann doth confirm unto the said John Robinson (in his actual possession by virtue of bargain and sale to him made for one whole year by Indenture and by force of the Statute for Transferring uses into possession) and to his heirs forever all that land in the Parish and County aforesd & on the head of Piscataway Creek being the land which said Joseph Mann formerly bought of JOHN BOUGHAN and bounded beginning at two Beeches on the Swamp side that runs down to the main Swamp and from thence tuning Easterly on a line that binds upon Capt. REUBEN WELCH to a white oak on the head of a branch and from thence down the said branch its several courses to the main Swamp and from thence up the main Swamp to a lesser Swamp that partes the said Boughans land that he now lives upon from this land and from thence up the Swamp to the place where it began .
      In presence of JA: JONES, Jos. Man
      JOHN LEWIS, GREGR. SMITH
      At a Court held for Essex County at Tappa. on the XXIth day of February MDCCXXXVII Joseph Mann acknowleged this Indenture to the Honble John Robinson Esqr. to be his act and deed which is admitted to record.
      ===
      1742-1745 Essex County, Virginia Deed Book 23; [Antient Press]; Page 230-232
      WHEREAS several Laws have appointed to the County of Essex Fifty acres of Land for a Town, And Whereas BENJAMIN ROBINSON, WILLIAM BEVERLEY, ALEXANDER PARKER & WILLIAM DAINGERFIELD, Gentlemen, are by Order of Court of the said County appointed Feoffees in Trust to make sale of the said Land; Now this Indenture Witnesseth that WILLIAM BEVERLEY and WILLIAM DAINGERFIELD, two of the Feoffees aforesaid, for One hundred & sixty pounds of tobacco paid or secured to be paid by the Honble: JOHN ROBINSON Esqr., have granted unto the said JOHN ROBINSON Esqr. and to his heirs one Lott or half acre of Land in the Burgh of TAPPAHANNOCK being prt of the said Fifty acres and numbered Six; To have and to hold the aforesaid Lott or half acre of Land to the said JOHN ROBINSON and to his heirs in as full manner as is directed by one Act of Assembly holden at WILLIAMSBURGH the thirteen day of October in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and five Intituled An Act for Establishing Ports and Town, he paying one ounce of Flax seed and two ounces of Hemp seed on the Tenth day of October annually to the Director and Benchers of the said Burgh when they shall be elected, Provided that the said JOHN ROBINSON to begin and without delay proceed to build and finish on the said Lott within twelve months after the date hereof one good house to contain Twenty feet square at the least, otherwise this Grant to be void and the Lott therein granted to be liable to purchase of any other person according to Law; In Witness whereof the said WILLIAM BEVERLEY and WILLIAM DAINGERFIELD have sett their hands and seals this Twentieth day of March in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and forty four
      Signed sealed and delivered in the presence of us
      ROBERT HARBIN, W. BEVERLEY
      ZOROBABEL BILLUPS, his mark WM. DAINGERFIELD
      THEOPHIL FAVER
      Be it remembered that on the Twentieth day of March 1744; Quiet possession of the Lou was given by WILLIAM BEVERLEY and WILLIAM DAINGERFIELD by cutting a Turff and Twig of the said Lou and delivering the same to JOHN ROBINSON Esqr., in the name of Livery of seizen of the Lou of Land; To have and to hold the same according to the uses and purports within mentioned in the presence of us
      ROBERT HARBIN
      ZOROBABEL BILLUPS THEOPHIL FAVER
      ===
      1745-1749 Essex County, Virginia Deed Book 24, Part 1; [Antient Press]; Page 165-168
      THIS INDENTURE made the xviii day of August in year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and Forty seven Between JAMES FISHER and ELIZABETH his Wife late ELIZABETH BROWN, only surviving Child and Daughter of JOSEPH BROWN of Southfarnham Parish in Essex County deced., of one part and the Honorable JOHN ROBINSON Esqr., of same Parish and County of other part; Witnesseth that JAMES FISHER and ELIZABETH his Wife for Thirty six pounds current money of Virginia to them in hand paid, by these presents do bargain sell and confirm unto JOHN ROBINSON his heirs all their right title and demand both present and future in Seventy two acres of land more or less scituate in Parish aforesaid with all reversions and remainders of the same, which Land was purchased by said JOSEPH BROWN of one WILLIAM SMITH by Deeds bearing date the Eighteen day of July one thousand seven hundred and Eighteen and the other Deed bearing date the twenty ninth day of December one thousand seven hundred and twenty four; And all houses profitts commodities and appurtenances to said seventy two acres of land belonging; To have and to hold the land as aforesaid with the appurtenances unto JOHN ROBINSON his heirs; And JAMES FISHER and ELIZABETH his Wife for themselves their heirs do covenant with JOHN ROBINSON that they will well and truly warrant and forever defend the aforesaid Seventy two acres of land more or less unto JOHN ROBINSON his heirs; In Witness whereof the said parties have hereunto interchangeably set their hands and seals the day and year first above written
      Signed Sealed and Delivered in presence of
      BENJA. WINSLOW, JAMES FISHER
      JA: JONES, CHARLES BEALE ELIZA: her mark FISHER
      At a Court held for Essex County at Tappahannock on the 18th day of August Anno Dom. 1747 JAMES FISHER and ELIZABETH his Wife acknowledged this Deed of Feoffment Indented together with the Receipt thereon endorsed to the Honourable JOHN ROBINSON Esqr to be their act and deed which on the motion of the said JOHN was admitted to Record and is truly recorded Test JOHN LEE, Cl Cur
      ===
      1719-1724 Cavaliers and Pioneers, Patent Book No. 11; [Nell Marion Nugent]; Page 21
      BARTHOLOMEW YATES, LEWIS LATANE, CHRISTOPHER ROBINSON, JOHN ROBINSON, ESQR., JEREMIAH CLOWDER, HARRY BEVERLEY, WILLIAM STANARD, & EDWIN THACKER, 24,000 acs. (N. L.), Spotsyl. Co; on S. side the Rappadan (Riv.); beg. at head of a valley about 1/4 mi. below mouth of the Laurell Run, cor. to Baylor, James Taylor, Wm. Todd, John Taliaferro & John Battaile; to a great stone marked thus: cross over 8; down the Rappidan, &c; 20 July 1722, p. 147. 120 Lbs. Money.
      ===
      1719-1724 Cavaliers and Pioneers, Patent Book No. 11; [Nell Marion Nugent]; Page 21
      JOHN ROBINSON, ESQR., 1850 acs. (N. L.), Spotsyl. Co; on S. side the River Tae; on his own; & Warren's line; 25 July 1722, p. 152. 9 Lbs., 5 Shill.
      ===
      1719-1724 Cavaliers and Pioneers, Patent Book No. 11; [Nell Marion Nugent]; Page 27
      JOHN ROBINSON, ESQR., of Middlesex Co., 5059 acs. (N. L.), Spotsyl. Co., in St. George's Par; on both sides of the N. fork of the River Po; on Col. Corbin's line of his 7100 acr. tract; to land called Alexandria; cor. of Hugh Jones;on E. side of the new markt Ridge Road; .20 June 1723, p. 198. 25 Lbs., 10 Shill..

      ===
      1719-1724 Cavaliers and Pioneers, Patent Book No. 11; [Nell Marion Nugent]; Page 7
      JOHN ROBINSON, GENT., of Middlesex Co; 2000 acs. (N. L.), King Wm. Co; on S. side of the Middle river; adj. his own & land of Larkin Chew; on SE side of Pike Run; on Capt. Chew's line; car. of Capt. Thomas Pettit; on NE side of Poppey river or run; 2 Nov. 1720, p. 48. 10 Lbs. Money

  • Sources 
    1. [S72] Genealogies of Virginia Families Vol. I, from the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography.

    2. [S84] Genealogies of Virginia Families Vol. V, from the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography.

    3. [S250] The Virginia Genealogist Volume 47, 2003, 278.

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