Early Colonial Settlers of Southern Maryland and Virginia's Northern Neck Counties

Thomas Marshall

Male 1730 - 1802  (72 years)

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  • Name Thomas Marshall  [1
    Born 2 Apr 1730  Washington Parish, Westmoreland County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Died 22 Jun 1802  Woodford, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Buried Mason County, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Person ID I004770  Tree1
    Last Modified 29 Jul 2021 

    Father Capt John Marshall,   b. 1700, "The Forest" Westmoreland County. VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 May 1752, Appomattox Creek, Westmoreland County, Virginia - Probate Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 52 years) 
    Mother Elizabeth Markham,   b. 1704, Washington Parish, Westmoreland County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 May 1779, Culpeper County, Virginia - Probate Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 75 years) 
    Married 5 Jan 1720/21  Westmoreland County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    • Virginia and New York Genealogy
      Contributed by: James Hughes
      Richmond county
      also noted
      Marriage: 5 Jan 1721/22 Place: Westmoreland County, Virginia
    Family ID F03557  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Mary Randolph Keith,   b. 28 Apr 1737, Prince William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Sep 1809, Mason County, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 72 years) 
    Married 2 Apr 1754  Fauquier County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
     1. Chief Justice John {Chief Justice} Marshall,   b. 24 Sep 1755, Germantown, Fauquier County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Jul 1835, Philadelphia, Pennsylvannia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 79 years)
     2. Elizabeth Marshall,   b. 1756, Germantown, Fauquier County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1842, 'Honeywood', Berkeley County, Virginia. Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 86 years)
     3. Mary Anne Marshall,   b. 29 Sep 1757, 'Oak Hill', Fauquier County, Virginia; Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1825, Frankfort, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 67 years)
     4. Capt. Thomas A. Marshall,   b. 27 Oct 1761, Fauquier County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 May 1817, Washington, Mason County, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 55 years)
     5. James Markham Marshall,   b. 12 Mar 1764, Fauquier County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Apr 1848, 'Fairfield', Fauquier County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 84 years)
     6. Judith Marshall,   b. 1766, The Hollow, Fauquier County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Lewis County, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location
     7. William Marshall,   b. 31 Jan 1767, 'Oak Hill', Fauquier County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1815, Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 47 years)
     8. Hon. Charles Marshall,   b. 31 Jan 1767, 'Oak Hill', Fauquier County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1805, Warrenton, Fauquier County, Virginia. buried at Old Turkey Church Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 37 years)
     9. Lucy Marshall,   b. 1768, Oak Hill, Fauquier County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1795, Jamestown, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 27 years)
     10. Alexander Keith Marshall,   b. 11 Jan 1770, 'Oakhill', Fauquier County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Feb 1825, 'Walnut Grove', Mason Co, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 55 years)
     11. Dr. Lewis {Louis} Marshall,   b. 7 Oct 1772, 'Oak Hill', Fauquier County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1866, 'Buckpond', Woodford, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 93 years)
     12. SusannahTarleton Marshall,   b. 12 May 1774, 'Oak Hill', Fauquier County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Nov 1858, Maysville, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 84 years)
     13. Charlotte Marshall,   b. 1777, 'Oak Hill', Fauquier County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Apr 1817, Washington, Mason, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years)
     14. Jane Marshall,   b. 29 Jul 1779, 'Oak Hill', Fauquier County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Sep 1866, Mt. Ephraim, Fauquier County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 87 years)
     15. Anne {Nancy} Marshall,   b. 1781, 'Oak Hill', Fauquier County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1860, Lexington or Louisville, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 79 years)
    Last Modified 29 Jul 2021 
    Family ID F03559  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • ===
      Oak Hill (Fauquier Co. Va) patented to Harry Turner, died 1757 leaving estate to his son Thomas who sold the tract to Col. Thomas Marshall in 1773

      He was a surveyor. He Lieutenant of Volunteers during French & Indian War. He was superintendent of Lord Fairfax's Estate. He was
      High Sheriff of Fauquier Co. in 1767. He organized the Culpeper Minutemen. He was a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses.
      He served at Valley Forge. He succeeded to Gen. Mercer's command when Mercer was killed at Battle of Germantown. He fought at the Battle of Brandywine where he commanded the Third Virginia Regiment. He was a member of the 1776 Virginia Convention that declared independence in Virginia. He resided in 'Oak Hill', Fauquier County, Virginia. He resided in 1785 in Woodford, Kentucky. He was Member of the Virginia Legislature in 1787 in Fayette, Kentucky.

      Note: This shows that John Marshall, son of John Marshall and Elizabeth Markham, had a son Thomas; who was not shown in Paxton's Genealogical Chart. From "The Virginia Genealogist" Vol. 26 Number 2 April-June 1982 Page 125:

      Col Marshall will was executed June 26, 1798, in Woodford co. Ky and is found of record in Mason Co. Book B. P212. It was probated February 15, 1803.

      The inscription on his tomb is now illegible; but, many years ago, I transcribed it, and here reproduce it

      "THOMAS MARSHALL, to whom this memorial is inscribed, was born the 2d of April, 1730, intermarried with Mary Keith, in her 17th year, by whom he had fifteen children, who attained maturity; and after distinguishing himself by the performance of his duties as a husband, father, citizen and soldier, died on the 22d of June, 1802, aged 72 years 2 months and 20 days."
      MARSHALL, Thomas Major Fauquier b. 1730 d. 1802; 13 Feb 1776, 3rd VA Regt CL; 13 Aug 1776, Lt Col; 21 Feb 1777, Colonel; Nov 1777, 1st VA State Regt of Artillery; served to end of war .
      http://www.familyorigins.com/users/r/o/w/Ernest-Perry-Rowe/FAMO1-0001/d6.h tm
      In 1772 Colonel Thomas MARSHALL purchased 1824 acres, a part of the Thomas Henry TURNER patent which became the property of his son, Chief Justice John MARSHALL. Five hundred acres with the original home called "Oak Hill" holds as the heart of the estate. It is now
      owned by A. V. BAIRD, resident for the past 40 years.
      Contributed by: James Hughes

      URL: http://searches.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/ifetch2?/u1/data/va/+index+5417752453 15+F
      STYLE : Tipton &c vs Brown
      COMMENT : Failing to build a jail in Dunmore now Shenandoah County.
      PLAINTIFF(s) : John Tipton; Abraham Shelton; Justices of Dunmore Co.
      DEFENDANT(s) : Samuel Farguson; William Brown; Thomas Marshall
      DEPONENT(s) : John Crookshanks; William Kennedy
      PLACES MENTIONED : Dunmore; Culpeper; Shenandoah; Fauquier
      REMARK(s) : Construction - plans for building a jail in Dunmore Co. - 1774
      Marshall pd
      CITATION : Tipton &c vs Brown / 1804 / CR-DC-Q / 372-4
      Contributed by: James Hughes

      URL: http://www.ls dot net/~newriver/va/vareg1.htm
      URL title: The Colonial Virginia Register
      Note: I suspect that Col.Thomas Marshall was member of House of Burgesses Fauquier Co. from 1761 to 1772/3 when he resigned to become the first clerk of Dunmore/Shennandoah Co.

      Session of March 4, 1773
      Fanquier: James Scott. (At this session a writ was issued for an election in Fanquier to fill the place of Thomas Marshall, who had accepted the office of clerk of the new County of Dunmore.)
      Contributed by: James Hughes

      URL: http://www.rootsweb.com/~vashenan/hom/w_jsamul.html
      URL title: The Judge Samuels Home
      Note: On Lot 16, at the corner of Muhlenberg and Court Street, Woodstock, stands a large house of native limestone in which it is said at least two distinguished men lived in early days. Just when this house was erected seems not to be known, but it probably antedates the Revolutionary War. In the Shenandoah Herald of October 29, 1823, it was advertised for sale by Daniel Lee, commissioner, who stated that it had formerly been owned by Philip Williams, Esq., and lately held by Davison and Hollingsworth, trustees for the creditors of Samuel Croudson & Co.

      The fact seems well established that this was the home of Judge Green Berry Samuels (1806-1859), whose grave is in the Lutheran Church cemetery on Church Street. Judge Samuels was member of Congress from 1839 to 1841, and for several years preceding his death was on the Virginia Supreme Court bench. It is said that this old stone house was also the home of Thomas Marshall, who was clerk of Shenandoah County from its organization in 1772 until the year of 1781. If so, we may assume that Thomas Marshall's son, John, who was only 17 years old, was often at home here.
      Contributed by: James Hughes

      URL: sters/Counties/Fauquier/NR_Fauquier_TheHollow_030-0803_text.pdf+%22marshal l%22,+%22john+webb%22,+%22+county,+virginia%22&hl=en
      URL title: NPS Form 1090 -The Hollow
      Note: Section 8 Page 12 By 1773,
      Mary was again expecting. Her husband had been reelected to the House of Burgesses, but resigned to accept the position as Clerk of the Court of Dunmore (now Shenandoah) County.
      Having lived at his second home the same amount of time as the Germantown house, Thomas Marshall paid Thomas Turner a substantial
      sumof 900 pounds and ten shillings for fee-simple ownership of a 1,700 acre-plantation, still on Goose Creek, but on the east side of Cobbler Mountain on the 13th day of January 1773.
      Nine months later, Thomas assigned the 330-acre lease of The Hollow, "whereon the said Marshall now lives," to John Webb of Northumberland County for the lives of the original lessees, meaning that when he, Mary and John died, the property would revert back to the Lees. Leaving a 330-acre leasehold, Marshall had definitely leveraged himself to the ranks of a gentleman with a landed estate. However, while he built a slightly larger seven-room, one-and-one-half-story, frame dwelling at "The Oaks" where five more children were born, the house would have no finishing finer than at The Hollow.
      James Hughes 2005-06-22 19:15:31
      R/RFHA Newsletter, March 1991

      WILLS - Westmoreland County, Virginia

      SAMUEL ROLLINS Aug. 17, 1749; May 10, 1750

      To wife Martha, son BENJAMIN, son SAMUEL Jr. - major bequests Rest of Estate to four children: BENJAMIN, MARTHA, MARY and SAMUEL. Witnesses: David Piper and Thomas Marshall
      James Hughes 2005-08-19 09:52:40

      Will: Zaceriah Putman, St.Marks Parish, Culpeper County, Virginia (1753)

      IN THE NAME OF GOD AMEN, I Zaceriah Putan of the Parish of St.Marks in the County of Culpeper in Virginia, being very sick & week in body but of sound mind and memory knowing the uncertainty of this life, do constitute this to be my last will & testament, viz: revoking by these presents all other Will or Wills by me heretofore made. First, I bequeath my soul to almighty God through Jesus Christ in & through whose merits I hope for eternal life and my body to go to the earth as it was, to be buried in such decent manner as my Executors shall think fit.
      Item: I give & bequeath unto my son John a blaze face horse to him & saddle forever.
      Item: I give & bequeath unto my dear beloved wife, the rest of my estate after my decease to be equally divided between ____(faded out) and my four sons, viz: John, Daniel, James & Henry.
      Item: I give & bequeath unto Mary Putman one shilling.
      Item: I give & bequeath unto Thomas Putman one shilling.
      Item: And furthermore I leave all my children to doe (do) for themselves at the age of sixteen, after my decease.
      Lastly, I appoint my loving wife Margaret Putman & John Fox Executors of This my Last Will and Testament this 20th day of March 1753.
      Zacriah P Putman
      Delivered in presence of:
      Thomas Marshall
      Margaret X Griffin
      John Putman
      At a Court held for the County of Culpeper Thursday, the 20th day of September 1753

      This Last Will and Testament of Zachariah Putman, dec'd, was exhibited into court by Margaret Putman and John Fox, the Executors therein named, proved by the oath of Margaret Griffin, a witness thereto and ordered to be recorded, the same being sworn to by the said Executors, A certificate is granted them for obtaining a Probat thereof in due form, they giving security according to law.
      Roger Dixon, Cl.Cur.
      Source: Library of Virginia,
      Will Book A, 1749-1770
      Culpeper County, Virginia
      Reel 31, pages 82-83
      James Hughes 2005-10-16 21:57:05

      Bk E-493, 15Jul1795, Thomas Marshall of Woodford Co,KY & Charles Marshall and Wm Marshall his sons of state of VA, sale of land in Mason County, Land of Thomas Marshall, by virtue of Treasury Warrant 1780 etc.

      Deed Abstracts, 1789-1820 Mason County, Kentucky
      James Hughes 2005-10-17 13:22:16
      Early Virginia Religious Petitions

      Early Virginia Religious Petitions
      December 7, 1786, Culpeper, St. Mark's Parish, opposed to repeal.

      Image 1:Thomas Marshal, John Marshall
      James Hughes 2005-10-17 13:27:38
      Early Virginia Religious Petitions
      http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=relpet&fileName=300/367/367pag e.db&recNum=2&tempFile=./temp/~ammem_zHmy&filecode=relpet&prev_filecode=re lpet&itemnum=10&ndocs=10
      Early Virginia Religious Petitions
      October 30, 1790, Culpeper, Favors sale of glebes.

      Image 3:Thomas Marshal
      In Apr 1740 in Westmoreland County, Virginia. James Hamilton and Priscilla, his wife, sold to JOHN MARSHALL of Westmoreland County, Virginia., Planter, for 27 pounds 10 shillings current money of Va. a tract of 100 acres lying in
      Washington Parish, Westmoreland County, Virginia. being part of a tract of 1200 acres patented & granted to Col. Nicholas Spencer on 22 Sept 1668 and bounded as follows:
      Beginning at a small red oak, corner tree of the land of THOMAS ROBBINS, extending north along his line to a marked red oak, thence extending along the land of GOOF’s from thence East to the line that divides this land from the land of THOMAS ASBURY’s , from thence South along said Asbury’s line 144 poles to the land ot
      THOMAS MARSHALL’s, from thence West along said THOMAS MARSHALL’ s line 111 poles and 5 links to the place it began.
      Wit: JOHN PIPER, John Smith, William Meeks

      On 25 May 1752, MRS. ELIZABETH MARSHALL of Washington Parish, Westmoreland County, Virginia. for & in consideration of the natural love & affection which she hath & beareth unto the said THOMAS MARSHALL, and for
      the better maintenance of him, hath given, granted, alliened, enfeoffed & confirmed unto said THOMAS
      MARSHALL a tract of 100 acres of land being part of the tract of JOHN MARHSALL died possessedof and lying along the east line of the said tract, in Washington Parish, Westmoreland County, Virginia. all right, title, interest whatsoever of the said Elizabeth Marshall of, in and to the said Messuage etc.
      Wit: Benjamin Rollins, Augustine Smith, John Whiting.

      On 28 Aug 1753, THOMAS MARSHALL of Westmoreland County, Virginia., Planter, sold to the Churchwardens & Vestrymen of Washington Parish, Westmoreland County, Virginia. for the sum of 240 pounds sterling all that tract of land which JOHN MARSHALL late of Washington Parish, Westmoreland County, Virginia. died seized & possessed in fee simple, which said tract of land said John Marshall dec’d by his last will & Testament dated 1 A[r 1752, devised to his son, THOMAS MARSHALL, in fee simple, as by said will duly proved & recorded in Westmoreland County, Virginia. containing by estimation 300 acres and bounded as follows:
      Beginning at a marked poplar standing on a branch that divides this land from JOHN SMITH’s, thence Northwest along a line of marked trees to the land of JOHN PIPER’s, thence west along said Piper’s line to a stake on the north side of CARR’s SWAMP, thence Northwest along another line of said PIPER’s to a small scrub oak of
      MURDOCK’s land and a run of water, thence Southeast along said Murdock’s line to a Red Oak, corner tree of said MURDOCK’s land and the land of said ROBBINS, thence along another line of RIDING’s and PIPER’s land, and
      continuing the same course Northeast along PIPER’s land to the run or branch where it first began, thence dow the
      said run to the beginning.
      Wit: RICHARD BARNES (m. Mrs. Hannah McCarty); Wharton Ransdell, Daniel Neale
      URL (Click on link) http://lvaimage.lib.va.us/cgi-bin/GetLONN.pl?first=549&last=550&g_p=GY&col lection=NN Grant
      http://lvaimage.lib.va.us/cgi-bin/GetLONN.pl?first=226&last=227&g_p=S5&col lection=NN Survey
      Title Norris, Richard.
      Publication 10 November 1800.
      Other Format Available on microfilm. Northern Neck Grants, reels 288-311.
      Available on microfilm. Northern Neck Surveys, 1-6, A-E, reels 312-320.
      Note Location: Culpeper County.
      Description: 26 acres adjoining Thomas Marshall and Thomas Brown.
      Source: Northern Neck Grants Y, 1798-1800, p. 549-550 (Reel 304).
      Recorded survey available. Northern Neck Surveys No. 5, 1796-1802, p. 226-227 (Reel 316).
      Contributed by: James Hughes

      URL: http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/c/o/l/James-R-Columbia/FILE/000 5page.html
      URL title: The Early History of Orangeburg, Mason County, Kentucky
      Charles Pelham entered claims for land along Bull Creek and Kennedy's Creek. Pelham, John MARSHALL and Ebenezer Brooks filed entries for lands along Cabin Creek, adjoining the Thomas MARSHALL tract. Charles Yancey and Levin POWELL did likewise along the North Fork.
      Jh: ischarge.html+%22thomas+marshall%22,+%22robert+pollard%22&hl=en&gl=us&ct=c lnk&cd=1

      Colonel Lawerenee Taliaferro, 1775
      Lieutenant Colonel Edward Stevens, 1775
      Major Thomas MARSHALL, 1775.
      Paymasters Henry Field, John Slaughter, 1776
      Surgeon Samuel Boyd, 1776

      COMPANIES 1775-1776

      Captain Joseph Spencer, Orange County, October 1775
      Captain James Jameson, Culpeper County, October 1775
      Captain James Slaughter, Culpeper County; late 1775
      Captain Elias Edmonds, Fauquier County, October 1775
      Captain William PICKETT, Fauquier County, October 1775
      Captain William Payne, Fauquier County, Qctober 1775
      Captain William McCLANNACHAN, Culpeper County, October 1775
      Captain Francis TRIPLETT, Fauquier County, October 1775
      Captain John Chilton, Fauquier County (?), October 1775
      Captain John Blackwell, Jr., Fauquier County (?), October 1775
      Captain Abraham Buford, Culpeper County, November 1775
      Captain John Williams, Orange County, October 1775
      Captain George Johnston, Fauquier County, October 1775
      Captain James Scott, Orange County, late 1775

      Source: Sanchez-Saavedra, p.16

      The following are signers of Culpeper County legislative petitions in the 1770's on record in the Virginia State Library, they are presumed to have been Minutemen. (Culpeper Co. His. Society, p.39-41)

      Gabriel Long William Baily James Pendleton James Thomas Robert Long Benjamin Roberts James Slaughter Apperson William Green A. Bradley Richard Yancey Henery Elley
      Charles DAVENPORT Samuel Stigler William Stanton Henry Coons James Jett Aron Lane ____ Read Robert POLLARD D. Jameson, Jr. Goodrich LIGHTFOOT Lewis Yancey
      Charles Chowning John Waugh John Yancey Cad. Slaughter Thomas Slaughter Joseph Roberts John Dillard Bradley William Jones James Green, Jr. William Stevens Philip Waterfield Peter Cook Laurence Slaughter George Turner Wm. Butts Adam Cook Isaac Herrin Gabriel Long, Jr. Wm. Morris Michael Carpenter James Jones Shadrack Jones Thos. Bywater Conrod Tilp John Harrison Thomas Sullenger Wm. Robbinson Henry Crislar John Taylor Thomas Wood James Thomas John Zimmerman King James Inskeep Wilaam Corbin Geo. Crislar Thomas Lanikin Ambrose POWELL James Stubblefield John Fleshman David Farmer James Collins Reuben Long Michael Utz Armistead Green Jacob Ward James Nash John Wever Baylor Banks Mumford Stevens Ware Long Roger McDanial William Strode Humphrey Gains Frank Apperson George Slaughter Edward Lightfoot William Alexander W. Bradley John Carpenter, Jr. Thomas King Ambrose Medley E. Watkins .Geo. Utz Richard Roberts Benaiah Bell Wm. Jett Martin Dur Joseph Sanford Gervice Smith Henry Lewis Adam Garr Peter Triplett George Wayt Stephen Layton Jacob Hendrixon Benj. Partlow Absalom Bobo Rchd. Scales Moses Broile William Abbitt James Clark Jas. Pendleton Peter Clore _____ Abbitt Wm. Bledso William Williams Jno. Garr _____ Allen John Forrester George Reazor Nath. Wilhoit Edmond Beazley Jeremiah Kirtley Adam Tilp Jno. Blankenbaker Enoch MARSHALL George Hume Peter Weaver Geo. Wilhoit James Hudson Charles Hume Jacob Louther Jno. Stinesyfer Henry Wuhoit Humphrey Sparks Matthias Wever Matthias Mock Brumfield LONG Gasper Hayns Godfry Yager Morton Christopher Reuben Garnett John Leatherer John Smith John Clor, Jr. William Cannady Reuben Medley Benjamin Garr Jacob Blankenbaker Griffin Read William Booton Ephraim Kiugg Cyrus Broyle Francis Duncan John Scott Henry Wayland Adam Fisher Thomas Camp Jonathan Cooper Michael Cook Henry Wayman David Hening Benj. Haynes Zachariah Smith Michael Flishman Robert Miller Wm. Champe Daniel Tilp Adam Garr James Sims Benjamin Lillard Dohn Dur, Jr. Jacob Blankenbecker John MARSHALL William Field Robert Flishman Bernd. Fisher Thomas Morris George Row Wm. Carpenter Wm. Chapman James Campbell John Yancey Comrod Wilhoit Moses Garrot Richard Haynie Benjamin Gaines George Utz, Jr. Jacob Tanner John Barger James Gaines John Smith Moses Clore John Wood Chas. Chowning Henry Miller Thos. Wright
      From: Fonda Carroll [mailto:flcar1@charter dot net]
      Sent: Wednesday, May 24, 2006

      Col. Marshall is said to have attended, with George Washington, the school of Rev. Archibald Campbell, rector of Washington Parish. Here commenced the intimate friendship that continued through life between Col. Marshall and the great apostle of liberty. Well instructed and experienced in the surveyor's art, he often attended Washington in his surveying excursions for Lord Fairfax and others. For these services he received several thousand acres of wild land in Henry County, Kentucky., which were sold and divided among his heirs, as provided in his will. During the French War he was Lieutenant of Volunteers. He was not at Braddock's defeat, because he was left behind, employed in building Fort Necessity. His father died in April, 1752, and Mr. Marshall, being the oldest son and the heir, qualified as his executor. His brother, John, though also appointed an executor, was too young to serve. Shortly after the death of John Marshall, of "The Forest," the Marshalls, with their relatives, the Smiths, removed to the vicinity of Germantown, Fauquier County, Virginia. Here Thomas accepted the agency of Lord Fairfax, to superintend his immense landed estate, to make leases, collect rents, etc. In 1754, he married Mary Isham Keith, daughter of Rev. James Keith and Mary Randolph. Near Germantown, his elder children were born. In 1765, eleven years after his marriage, he purchased of Thos. L. and R. H. Lee three hundred and fifty acres of land on Goose Creek, and removed upon it. His old log house still stands a mile northeast of Markham. In 1773, he sold his farm; and it was, perhaps, at this time that he purchased "Oakhill," or, as he calls it in his will, "The Oaks." Here he built a fine house of wood, which still remains. All his younger children were born here. His mother had attended him in all his removals. A little later she disappears, and it is probable she was laid in the graveyard near Germantown known as "Locust Level," where the Marshalls, Keiths and Smiths buried their dead. In 1767, while residing on Goose Creek, he was High Sheriff of Fauquier County. His bond as such still appears of record.
      Volume II, Chapter XIV Marshall Family.
      Will of the First John Smith.
      Contributed by: James Hughes

      URL (Click on link) http://lvaimage.lib.va.us/GLR/03118 Document Image
      Author Marshall, Thomas.
      Title T[homas] Marshall, Oak Hill, [to] governor.
      Publication March 17, 1782.
      Material 4 p.
      Gen. note Part of a collection of letters and other documents received in the Governor's Office during the period June 29, 1776-Nov. 30, 1784.
      Summary Due to failure to receive military certificates due him, he will be unable to begin his western expedition by time set for commissioners to meet.
      James Hughes 2006-05-22
      Genealogy of the Fishback Family in America, Page 31

      Germantown in later years became a large and prosperous settlement, and was known far and wide. After Hager's death, they seem to have always been without a pastor, although they were always trying to obtain one; yet they kept up their services in their church, and set apart one hundred acres of land for a Glebe. The proof of this statement is to be found in a deed in Fauquier in Book 4, page 175, wherein Peter Hitt, Jacob Weaver and Peter Kemper on April 22, 1771, convey to Harmon Fishback "all their right title and interest to one lot of land containing by estimation one hundred acres whereon Thomas Marshall now lives, in said county of Fauquier and binding on the lands of Charles Carter of Lancaster and Jeremiah Darnall of Fauquier, being one of the lots of land in the German Town, formerly set apart for a German Glebe." Peter Hitt is the emigrant; whether Harmon Fishback is the emigrant or his son cannot be told. Peter Kemper is the John Peter Kemper who married Elizabeth Fishback; she had been dead since 1768. It is impossible from the description in this deed to locate the Glebe. According to the stone placed to mark the birthplace of John Marshall, it was far towards the south end of the Germantown tract. It will be remembered that Carter bounded the Germantown tract on the east. The writer thinks that Jeremiah Darnall owned land just to the south of the Germantown
      James Hughes 2006-05-22
      The Genealogy of the Holtzclaw Family, Page 38

      Tillman Weaver's will was dated December 14, 1759 and probated in Fauquier County March 27, 1760. It mentions his wife, Anne Elizabeth (who was the eldest daughter of Joseph Cuntz); sons Tillman, John and Jacob; daughters, Susannah, Anne Kemper wife of John Kemper (son of the immigrant John Kemper), Mary Hitt wife of Harmon Hitt (son of the immigrant Peter Hitt), Eve Porter wife of Samuel Porter, Elizabeth and Catherine. The witnesses to his will were Tillman Martin (no doubt a son of the immigrant, John Joseph Martin) and Thomas Marshall (father of Chief Justice John Marshall).
      James Hughes 2006-06-30
      Ancestry of Terry Vaughn RAY


      At the Virginia convention held May 1775, in Richmond, the Colony of Virginia was divided into 16 districts and each district instructed to raise and discipline a battalion of men "to march at a minute's notice." Culpeper, Fauquier and Orange counties, forming one district, raised a cadre of 350 men, 150 men from Culpeper, 100 from Orange and 100 from Fauquier, called the Culpeper Minute Men. Organized July 17, 1775, under a large oak tree in "Clayton's old field" (later known as Catalpa Farm).

      The Committee of Safety commissioned Lawrence TALIAFERO, of Orange, to be the Colonel; Edward STEVENS, of Culpeper, to be the Lieutenant Colonel; and Thomas MARSHALL of Fauquier to be the Major of this Battalion. They also commissioned ten Captains for the Companies which were to make up the Battalion, among them were: John JAMIESON, then Clerk of Culpeper County and a member of the Committee of Safety; Philip CLAYTON; James SLAUGHTER; George SLAUGHTER; and Capt. McCLANAHAN, A Baptist minister, who regularly preached to his troops. (It was the custom then to put all the Baptists in one Company, for they were among the most strenuous supporters of liberty, The Methodists went into another, according to the
      wishes of the Committee of Safety which recommended that the different religious denominations each organize companies of their own kind.) They adopted uniforms consisting of hunting shirts of strong, brown lines, dyed with an extract of the leaves of trees (probably the broad of oak leaves). On the breast of each shirt was worked in large white letters the words: "LIBERTY OR DEATH." (A wag of the times said that this was too severe for him, but that he would enlist if they could change the motto to "Liberty or be Crippled."

      Their flag had a rattlesnake with 13 rattles, coiled in the center, ready to strike. Underneath it were the words: "DON'T TREAD ON ME." On either side were the words: "LIBERTY OR DEATH." And at the top "THE CULPEPER MINUTE MEN." The Minute Men took part in the Battle of Great Bridge, the first Revolutionary battle on Virginia soil.

      Shortly after the Battalion was formed the companies of Culpeper Minute Men were absorbed into regiments of the Continental Line, and by Act of Assembly in October 1776, they were dissolved and merged into the militia. Included in the list of original members of the Culpeper Minute Men is the name Reuben STIVERS who would have been 16 years old when the Battalion was organized, and he was their drummer boy.
      James Hughes 2006-07-07
      The Early History of Orangeburg, Mason County, Kentucky

      In November 1780, Kentucky County, Virginia, was divided into three counties, including Fayette, with John Todd appointed colonel, Daniel Boone lieutenant-colonel, and Col. Thomas Marshall (father of the great Chief Justice of the U. S.) surveyor.

      McDermed had, over the years, maintained the claim to his settlement and preemption at the Stone Lick. That it was well recognized was shown by its mention as "McDermitt’s Settlement and Preemption" in Virginia land warrants issued to Thomas Marshall in January, 1783, by Governor Patrick Henry. Marshall’s massive land grant stretched from near the Stone Lick to the mouth of Cabin Creek, in all 15,000 acres. This was just one portion of the many thousands of acres of land claimed by the Marshall family which would come to encompass vast portions of Mason, Lewis and Fleming counties.

      Moses Phillips (the elder) by October of 1787 had claimed an 873-acre tract of land (which today would include much of the area between Orangeburg and Rectorville), bounded on the south by the North Fork; on the north by McDermed’s settlement; on the east by the huge Thomas Marshall claim; and on the west by a 504-acre entry of George Farrow., Moses Phillips moved to and settled on this property about 1790, and eventually his family "owned nearly all the land on the North Fork from the mouth of Stone Lick Creek to that of Phillips’ Creek." Phillips lived out his life on this property which came to be known as Pea Ridge due to the poverty of its soil.

      John’s son George Phillips came to Kentucky in 1790, locating first in Scott County and then moving to Mason County in 1796. He settled his family on property purchased from Thomas Marshall which adjoined his uncle Moses Phillips’ tract and which was located at the mouth of "the creek which bears his name." Descendants of George Phillips have maintained continuous family ownership of this property to the present day.
      James Hughes 2006-07-07
      1780 Col. Thomas Marshall visits Kentucky. His immediate object was to locate land warrants, as a provision for a numerous family, which he intended to remove to the country on the restoration of peace.
      The surveyor of Lincoln county, Mr. James Thompson, opened his office for business; which revived the activity of that section of county; and many tracts of land were surveyed. George May, who had been the surveyor of the county of Kentucky, was appointed to the like office in Jefferson county. And Colonel Marshall, whose regiment had dissolved, by the expiration of its term of service, was appointed surveyor for the county of Fayette. These gentlemen were both in the atlantic part of the state, and did not arrive in Kentucky, during the year. Hence there was no surveying done, in either of their counties.
      Source: Marshall, Humphrey, The history of Kentuck[y] : exhibiting an account of the modern discovery, settlement, progressive improvement, civil and military transactions, and the present state of the country
      Frankfort: G.S. Robinson, printer, 1824, 1055 pgs.

      Buckpond-The house, begun about 1783, was completed by 1785, when Colonel Marshall brought his wife and younger children to Kentucky. He had the hinges, nails, and other hardware needed for the house wrought by blacksmiths in Virginia. He then floated them down the Ohio River by flatboat and packed them by muleback to Woodford County. On the place his workmen cut cherry, walnut, oak, and ash for the timbers and boards. At a time when most houses in Kentucky were simple log cabins, he built a handsome double log house, two storied and weather boarded over. The panelling, mantels, doorways, and stairway
      were carved by hand. Most of the original wood remains in the house and is sound today, except for spots in the floors which had to be replaced because heat of sparks from open fires charred the boards.
      Source: Anonymous A Web of family : letters from a Kentucky family, 1816-1865. Cambridge, Mass.: unknown, 1975, 258 pgs.

  • Sources 
    1. [S044832] Paxton.FTW.
      Date of Import: Jul 20, 2002

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